Equity In The Unfccc

The principles of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change explicitly refer to varied equity criteria. The principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities'' (Article 3.1) exhorts industrialized nations to accept a leadership role and bear greater burden. Equity concerns are similarly reflected in the special attention and considerations proposed for developing country parties, which are particularly "vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change'' and have ''to bear disproportionate or abnormal burden under the convention" (Article 3.2). The fact that developing countries are excused from binding emissions limitation commitments in the Kyoto Protocol reflects the Convention's equity commitments.

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