Interpreting And Implementing Climate Protection Locally

Each of the local authorities discussed above has, to some degree, made a rhetorical commitment to addressing climate change. However, moving from political rhetoric to policy action has not been straightforward. In this section we analyze how climate change considerations have been integrated into policy principles and practice in the areas of planning, transport, and energy management, and assess the opportunities and constraints that local governments have encountered in addressing these...

Natural Reservoirs For Atmospheric Co2

The perceptive reader might question why scientists and policy makers are so focused on CO2 when it is well known that other powerful greenhouse gases such as methane, nitrous oxide, lower-atmospheric ozone, chlorofluoro-carbons, and other manufactured molecules, in combination, are currently adding nearly as much a greenhouse warming forcing contribution as does CO2. Indeed, this understanding is already being used as a policy tool for near-term priority setting keep the powerful, long-lived...

The Development Of The Global Climate Change Regime

The development of the climate change regime in the late 1980s and 1990s rode a wave of environmental activity that began in 1987 with the discovery of the ozone hole and the publication of the Brundtland Commission report, Our Common Future,10 and crested at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro.11 An earlier wave of international environmental activity, culminating in the 1972 Stockholm Conference and the establishment several years later...

Human Perturbations Of The Global Carbon Cycle

Each year, humans extract more than 6 PgC of fossil fuels from the Earth's crust (oil, coal, and natural gas) and convert these to CO2 that is added to the atmosphere. The business as usual'' scenario of the IPCC (2001) predicts that CO2 emissions will rise to 15 Pg C year by the year 2050, largely due to increases in fossil fuel combustion (Fig. 4). Our impact on the global carbon cycle may appear small compared to some of the natural transfers, such as decomposition, that also add (or...

Actual Act Principles

One plausible principle refers to causing harm. If one person had to inhale all of the exhaust from my car, this would harm him and give me a moral obligation not to drive my car just for fun. Such cases suggest The harm principle We have a moral obligation not to perform an act that causes harm to others. This principle implies that I have a moral obligation not to drive my gas-guzzler just for fun if such driving causes harm. The problem is that such driving does not cause harm in normal...