Limitations

• The procedure requires knowledge of the water depth in the system. This may be difficult to control during construction of large systems and is likely to change over the long term.

• The porosity of the vegetation and accumulated litter must be known. The assumed design values are based on a limited database, and the value is likely to change over the long term.

• The removal of BOD is assumed to be temperature dependent based on experience with other wastewater treatment processes; however, data from many operating wetland systems do not demonstrate temperature dependence.

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