Using Traditional Methods And Indigenous Technologies For Coping With Climate Variability

C.J. STIGTER1, ZHENG DAWEI2, L.O.Z. ONYEWOTU3 and MEIXURONG4

1TTMI/African Network & Asian PMP Liaison Office, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

E-mail: [email protected] 2 College of Resources and Environment, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P.R. China 3TTMI-Project, Kano out-station, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Kano, Nigeria 4Center for Water Resources and Conservation Technologies, Chinese Academy ofAgricultural

Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China

Abstract. In agrometeorology and management of meteorology related natural resources, many traditional methods and indigenous technologies are still in use or being revived for managing low external inputs sustainable agriculture (LEISA) under conditions of climate variability. This paper starts with the introduction of an "end-to-end" climate information build up and transfer system in agrometeorology, in which the use of such methods and technologies must be seen to operate. It then reviews the options that LEISA farmers have in risk management of agrometeorological and agro-climatological calamities. This is based on the role that the pertinent meteorological/climatological parameters and phenomena play as limiting factors in agricultural production and the expectations on their variability. Subsequently, local case studies are given as examples of preparedness strategies to cope with i). variable water/moisture flows, including mechanical impacts of rain and/or hail, ii). variable temperature and heat flows, including fires, and iii). fitting cropping periods to the varying seasons, everywhere including related phenomena as appropriate. The paper ends with a series of important additional considerations without which the indicated strategies cannot be successful on a larger scale and in the long run.

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