The Quasi Quintennial Timescale

Introductory Overview 99

Raymond C. Smith

6 An LTER Network Overview and Introduction to El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Climatic Signal and Response 102

David Greenland

7 The Climate of the Central Arizona and Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research Site (CAP LTER) and Links to ENSO 117

Anthony J. Brazel and Andrew W. Ellis

8 Watershed Hydrological and Chemical Responses to Precipitation Variability in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico 141

Douglas Schaefer

9 Climate Variability and Ecological Response of the Marine Ecosystem in the Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) Region 158

Raymond C. Smith, William R. Fraser, and Sharon E. Stammerjohn

10 Climate and Hydrologic Variations and Implications for Lake and Stream Ecological Response in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica 174

Kathleen A. Welch, W. Berry Lyons, Diane M. McKnight, Peter T. Doran, Andrew G. Fountain, Diana Wall, Chris Jaros, Thomas Nylen, and Clive Howard-Williams

The Quasi-Quintennial Timescale—Synthesis 196

Raymond C. Smith, Xiaojun Yuan, Jiping Liu, Douglas G. Martinson, and Sharon E. Stammerjohn

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