tte goal of the proposed Global Early Warning System for Wildland Fire (EWS-Fire) is to provide a scientifically supported, systematic procedure for predicting and assessing international fire danger that can be applied from local to global scales, tte objectives of the EWS-Fire are to develop and implement:
• a global early warning system for a 0-10 day prediction of wildland fire danger based on existing and demonstrated science and technologies;
• an information network to quickly disseminate early warning of wildland fire danger that reaches global to local communities;
• an historical record of regional and global fire danger information for early warning product enhancement, validation and strategic planning purposes; and
• a technology transfer program to provide the following training for global, regional, national, and local community applications:
- early warning system operation;
- methods for local to global calibration of the System; and
- utility of the products and System for prevention, preparedness, detection, and, where appropriate, fire response decision-making.
tte EWS-fire is not intended to replace the many different national FDRS currently in use, but rather to support existing national fire management programs by providing:
• new longer term predictions of fire danger based on advanced numerical weather models; and
• a common international metric for implementing international resource sharing agreements during times of fire disaster.
An additional benefit is that the EWS-Fire provides a FDRS for the many countries that do not have the financial or institutional capacity to develop their own system. Because the system can be used at the local level, it can support local capacity-building by providing a foundation for community-based fire management programs.
ttere are several expected impacts of developing the EWS-fire. Firstly, early warning (0-10 day) of wildland fire danger, on a regional and global basis, will provide international agencies, governments and local communities the opportunity to mitigate fire damage by assessing threat likelihood and possibility of extreme behaviour enabling implementation of appropriate fire prevention, detection, preparedness, and fire response plans before wildfire problems begin. Secondly, a globally robust operational early warning framework with an applied system will provide the foundation with which to build resource-sharing agreements between nations during times of extreme fire danger, ttirdly, technology transfer and training will develop local expertise and capacity building in wildland fire management for system sustainability.
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