Lessons Learned

tte experience of developing the FDRS for Southeast Asia provided insight that can benefit the implementation of similar projects in other regions, tte most critical aspect of developing new FDRS is identification and analysis of the local fire problem. Understanding of local fire climate, vegetation as fuel, fire regime, fire management capabilities and policy, and culture is required to understand the fire problem, tte next important step is to determine what information the FDRS need to provide so that fire managers can address the fire problem. By developing the FDRS around fire management, the FDRS are designed to serve as a decision-making tool with practical application, tte final step is to link the information required by fire managers to the underlying physical aspects of the fire environment that are causing the fire problem, and then connecting those factors to FDRS indicators. To illustrate the process in this project, haze was identified as the main fire problem in Southeast Asia, tte underlying cause was smouldering peat fires and the best indicator of this potential is the DC, which is a relative measure of the dryness of deep organic layers in the forest floor.

Sustainability of new FDRS also requires local capacity strengthening. Technology transfer through workshops, training courses, and information sessions is important for the successful implementation of FDRS. Fire science education is

Fig. 20.3. Daily Fire Weather Index map from South East Asia Fire Danger Rating System which has been operated since September 2003 by the Malaysian Meteorological Service.
Fig. 20.4. trough the formulation of standard operating procedures, the FDRS is used to adjust daily fire danger levels on sign boards located in fire prone areas.

also important to understanding FDRS principles, and this aspect can be achieved through partnerships with universities. By training people in the science and technology of FDRS, local expertise is developed in system calibration and the FDRS can be designed for other applications in the future as new fire issues and fire management practices evolve.

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