Great Weather Disasters 1950 2005

Economic and insured losses (as at March 28, 2006)

O NatCalSERVICf. GeoRisk Research, MurnSi Re

Fig. 21.2. Development of economic and insured losses from Great Weather Disasters between 1950 and 2005 (Data from Munich Re NatCatSERVICE)

events are severe because in many cases they mean a loss of the entire harvest and, as a consequence, the people's sole source of revenue.

Figure 21.5 maps the regional distribution of natural disasters in India between 1980 and 2005. It shows that hardly any state in India has not been affected by such disasters, and that windstorms (cyclones) mostly affect the states along the east coast, while floods and disasters caused by extreme temperatures are distributed more evenly over almost all states.

tte last few years have brought records in the frequencies and intensities of weather-related catastrophes in many regions of the globe. In 2002, a hundred-year flood occurred in eastern Germany, causing economic losses of about €16bn, of which €3.4bn had been insured. Just one year later, the extremely hot summer in Europe killed more than 35,000 people. It was the largest human catastrophe in Europe for centuries. New records were then set in 2004 for hurricane losses in the USA. Four hurricanes making landfall in Florida in one season set a new record for that state with overall economic losses ofUSS 62bn and insured losses of about half this amount. In March the same year, the first hurricane occurred in a region that had previously been thought to be hurricane-free, the South Atlantic. Just one year later, in 2005, we saw the largest loss from a single event in history, caused by Hurricane Katrina with overall economic losses ofUSS 125bn and insured losses ofUSS 60bn. tte 2005 hurricane season was the most active since records began in

Economic losses (2005 values) Insured losses (2005 values) Trend of economic losses Trend of insured losses

O NatCalSERVICf. GeoRisk Research, MurnSi Re

Fig. 21.2. Development of economic and insured losses from Great Weather Disasters between 1950 and 2005 (Data from Munich Re NatCatSERVICE)

850 ttSS WJ v:' -B7Q B75 mi SB5 2000 2005

850 ttSS WJ v:' -B7Q B75 mi SB5 2000 2005

Fig. 21.3. Development of the number of Weather Disasters in India between 1980 and 2005 (Data from Munich Re NatCatSERVICE)

1851, with 27 named storms (old record: 21), including the strongest (Wilma), the fourth strongest (Rita) and the sixth strongest (Katrina). tten there was the first real hurricane system to approach Europe: Hurricane Vince, which formed close to Madeira and made its way into Spain and Portugal, tte year 2005 also brought extremes in terms of floods. For Switzerland, the August 2005 floods in the northern Alps were the most expensive natural catastrophe ever (overall economic loss: USS 2.1bn). In India, the highest ever 24-hour precipitation was measured in the Mum-bai area: 944 mm. ttis extreme flood killed more than 1,000 people and caused economic losses of USS 5bn and insured losses of USS 770m. In 2006, there were again major floods in several Indian states, especially Gujarat.

Disaster Survival Guides Collection

Disaster Survival Guides Collection

This is a set of 3 guides all about surviving disasters. Within this set you will learn the following subjects: Earthquakes, Evacuations, Survivor Family and Tsunami.

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