Extreme Weatherand Climate Eventsand Farming Risks

Water Freedom System

Survive Global Water Shortages

Get Instant Access

John Hay

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 RiskandRiskManagement-SomeBasicConcepts 3

1.2.2 Step B - Risk Characterization and Evaluation 4

1.2.3 Step C - Risk Management 4

1.2.4 Step D - Monitoring and Review 6

1.3 Farming Risks 6

1.4 Risk Characterization 7

1.4.1 Weather Extremes 9

1.4.2 ClimateAnomalies 11

1.5 ChangingRisk 12

1.6 Risk Management 16

1.7 Conclusions 18

Acknowledgements 18

References 19

2 Preparednessand Coping Strategies for Agricultural Drought Risk Management: Recent Progressand Trends

DonaldA. Wilhite

2.1 Introduction 21

2.2 Agricultural Drought Risk Management:Understanding the Hazard and Societal Vulnerability 22

2.3 DroughtasHazard 22

2.4 Drought: Understanding Vulnerability 23

2.5 DroughtTypesandVulnerability 24

2.6 Decision-Support Tools for Drought Risk Management 26

2.6.1 U.S. Drought Monitor 26

2.6.2 DroughtMonitor:DecisionSupportSystem 29

2.6.3 tte Drought Impact Reporter: A Web-based Impact Assessment Tool and Database 31

2.6.4 Drought Risk Atlas 35

2.6.5 VegetationDroughtResponselndex(VegDRI) 35

2.6.6 Ranching Drought Plan: A Drought Planning Tool for Livestock and Forage Producers 36

2.7 Summary 37

References 37

3 Challenges to Coping Strategies with Agrometeorological Risks and Uncertainties in Africa

Elijah Mukhala, Adams Chavula

3.1 Introduction 39

3.2 Farmers' coping strategies 41

3.3 Provision of climatic information 42

3.3.1 Intra-seasonaldistribution 43

3.3.2 Language/terminologyandcommunication 43

3.3.3 Capacityofkeyinstitutions 43

3.3.4 Stakeholderawareness/training 44

3.3.5 Tailoredforecasts 44

3.3.6 Keyrelationships 44

3.3.7 Timelyissuance 45

3.4 Key recommendations to address identified weaknesses 45

3.4.1 Forecastimprovement 45

3.4.2 Access to technological advances 47

3.4.3 Structural and non-structural measures to mitigate risks and uncertainties 47

3.4.4 Crop insurance activities 48

3.5 Conclusions 49

References 50

4 Challenges to Coping Strategies with Agrometeorological Risks and Uncertainties in Asian Regions

4.1 Introduction 53

4.2 Challenges to disaster risk mainstreaming 54

4.2.1 Adaptationstrategies 54

4.2.2 High intensity rainfall and floods 55

4.2.3 Tropical storms, tornadoes and strong winds 55

4.2.4 Extreme temperatures including heat waves and cold waves ... 56

4.2.5 Droughts 56

4.2.6 Wildfiresandbushfires 57

4.3 Challengestocontingencyplanningandresponses 58

4.4 Challenges to mitigation practices as a coping strategy 58

4.4.1 Impactreductions 58

4.4.2 High intensity rainfall and floods 59

4.4.3 Tropical storms, tornadoes and strong winds 60

4.4.4 Extreme temperatures including heat waves and cold waves. ... 60

4.4.5 Droughts 61

4.4.6 Wildfiresandbushfires 61

4.5 Challengestopreparednessasacopingstrategy 62

4.6 Challenges to methodologies in disaster science to support preparedness 63

4.6.1 Earlywarningsystemsforassessingagrometeorologicalrisks . . 63

4.6.2 Remote sensing for spatial information 64

4.6.3 Data analysis in research 65

4.7 Agrometeorological Advisory Service (AAS) 65

4.8 Conclusion and recommendation 66

References 66

5 Challengesand Strategies tofaceAgrometeorological Risksand Uncertainties -Regional Perspective in South America

Constantino Alarcón Velazco

5.1 Introduction 71

5.2 Climatology and Geography of South America 72

5.3 Natural Phenomena that affect Agriculture in South America 73

5.3.1 Landslides 73

5.3.2 Volcanic Eruptions 73

5.3.3 Floods 73

5.3.4 Droughts 74

5.3.5 Extremetemperaturesincludingheatwavesandcoldwaves ... 74

5.3.6 tte Climate Change 74

5.3.8 Strong winds 76

5.4 Vulnerability of the Region 76

5.5 Capacities and Resources in the region to face Agrometeorological

Risks and Uncertainties 77

5.5.1 Economicstatusofthecountries 77

5.5.2 Government policies 77

5.5.3 Creationandstrengtheningofspecializedinstitutions 77

5.5.4 Riskidentificationandanalysis 78

5.5.5 Monitoringnetworksandearlywarning 78

5.5.6 Informationontherisksfordecisionmaking 79

5.6 Defining Policies and Tools to face Agrometeorological Risks and Uncertainties 79

5.7 Strategies to cope with Agrometeorological Risks and Uncertainties ... 80

5.8 Conclusions 81

References 82

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Disaster Survival Guides Collection

Disaster Survival Guides Collection

This is a set of 3 guides all about surviving disasters. Within this set you will learn the following subjects: Earthquakes, Evacuations, Survivor Family and Tsunami.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment