Developing a global earlywarning systemforwildland fire

Michael A. Brady, William J. de Groot, Johann G. Goldammer, Tom Keenan, Tim J. Lynham, Christopher O. Justice, IvanA. Csiszar, Kevin O'Loughlin

20.1 Introduction 355

20.1.1 EWS-Fire Proposal 356

20.2 Objectives and Expected Impact ofEWS-Fire 357

20.3 Planned System Development 358

20.3.1 WarningSystemDesign 358

20.3.2 Operational Implementation 359

20.3.3 TechnologyTransfer 360

20.4 Implementing Organizations and Division of Tasks 360

20.4.1 NaturalResourcesCanada-CanadianForestService(CFS) . . .361

20.4.2 Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre (BMRC) 361

20.4.3 Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre, Australia 362

20.4.4 University ofMaryland (UMD), USA, acting on behalf of GOFC-GOLD 362

20.4.5 Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC), Germany on behalfof the UNISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group / Global Wildland Fire Network and the United Nations University (UNU) 362

20.4.6 Global Observation of Forestand Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) Secretariat, Edmonton, Canada 362

20.5 Sustainability 362

20.6 Case Study in EWS-Fire Development 363

20.6.1 SystemDevelopment 363

20.6.2 Operational FDRS 364

20.6.3 Lessons Learned 364

References 366

21 Scientificand Economic RationaleforWeather Risk InsuranceforAgriculture

Peter Hoppe

21.1 Introduction 367

21.2 NaturalDisastersandLosses 367

21.3 Climate Change and Natural Disasters 370

21.4 Agricultural Risk Insurance 371

21.4.1 Crop Insurance Products 373

21.4.2 Crop Insurance in Developing Countries 373

21.5 Conclusions 374

References 375

End of Days Apocalypse

End of Days Apocalypse

This work on 2012 will attempt to note them allfrom the concepts andinvolvement by the authors of the Bible and its interpreters and theprophecies depicted in both the Hopi petroglyphs and the Mayan calendarto the prophetic uttering of such psychics, mediums, and prophets asNostradamus, Madame Blavatsky, Edgar Cayce, and Jean Dixon.

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