Conclusions

Government of India is concerned about improving the agricultural economy of the country irrespective of the existing status of infrastructure in a given area and to a certain extent, irrespective of the vagaries of weather too. It is essential that more inputs would be required for more vulnerable areas if development were to be carried out in a balanced manner across the country. All the existing services must be geared for that purpose, tte best form of risk management is planning to ensure that any ensuing risk is manageable. Agroclimatic analyses can help in selection of crops and cropping practices such that while the crop weather requirements match the temporal march of the concerned weather element(s), endemic periods of pests, diseases and hazardous weather are avoided. Such agronomic planning on a micro scale to suit local climate is an essential step in crop-risk management.

Environmental planning would be necessary to avoid or mitigate losses from disasters, by using instruments such as land-use planning and disaster management. Natural disaster reduction measures are in place in a significant number of the nations surveyed and ongoing research and development to improve and expand these measures are also a feature of many national strategies to minimize adverse effects of extreme events on agriculture. Steps are being taken to significantly reduce the vulnerability of people and their communities to natural disasters; this can onlybe done through mitigation.

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