Complying with farmers conditions and needs using new weather and climate information approaches and technologies

C.J. Stigter, Tan Ying, H.P. Das, ZhengDawei, R.E. Rivero Vega, Nguyen Van Viet, N.I. Bakheit, Y.M. Abdullahi

11.1 Introduction 171

11.2 Complyingwithconditionsandneeds 172

11.3 Differentiatedinformationneedsandchannelsforvariousfarmers. . . .174

11.3.1 Information demands of different income levels in poor areas of China 174

11.3.2 DifferentiationbetweenincomelevelsinpoorareasofChina. . .176

11.3.3 Information channels for different income levels in poor areas of China 178

11.3.4 Demand and supply of information for different income levels in poor areas of China 179

11.3.5 General implications of the findings for different income levels in poor areas of China 179

11.4 Implications for information approaches and technologies 180

11.4.1 Poorfarmers 180

11.4.2 Low-incomefarmers 181

11.4.3 Middle-incomefarmers 181

11.4.4 Richer farmers 182

11.4.5 Otherdevelopingcountries 183

11.5 WhatWMO/CAgMshouldrealizeasimplicationsoftheabove 186

References 187

12 Information Technology and Decision Support System for On-Farm Applications to cope effectivelywithAgrometeorological Risksand Uncertainties

Byong-Lyol Lee

12.1 Introduction 191

12.1.1 On-Farm Applications Against Risks 191

12.2 Risk & Uncertainty in Agriculture 193

12.2.1 Agrometeorologicalrisks 193

12.2.2 RiskManagementinAgrometeorology 193

12.3 Decision-makingSupportAgainstRisks 194

12.3.1 EmergencyResponseSystem 194

12.4 Information Technology Required 199

12.4.1 Requirements for Agrometeorological Products 199

12.4.2 Requirements for DMSS Infrastructure 200

12.5 Resource Sharing System: Case ofWAMIS 200

12.5.1 WAMIS as a Web Portal 201

12.6 Discussion & Conclusions 206

References 207

13 Coping Strategies with Agrometeorological Risks and Uncertainties for Crop Yield

Lourdes K Tibig, Felino P. Lansigan

13.1 Challenges and opportunities 209

13.2 Types of coping strategies with agrometeorological risks and uncertainties for crop yield 210

13.2.1 Optimal and sustainable utilization of resources 210

13.2.2 Change in cultural practices or improved farming practices . . . 213

13.2.3 Modifications of resource potential including controlled micro-climates 214

13.2.4 Local indigenous knowledge systems/networks 214

13.2.5 Access to extension services 214

13.2.6 Technological innovations 215

13.2.7 Others, including resilience and divestment of natural capital . . 216

13.3 Someexamplesofcopingstrategies 216

13.3.1 Canada 216

13.3.2 tte United States 218

13.3.3 Latin America 219

13.3.4 Africa 219

13.4 Casestudies:Regional/nationalcopingstrategies 220

13.4.1 ttePhilippineexperience: Empoweringfarmers for rural development 220

13.4.2 tte West African semi-arid tropics (WASAT) 227

13.4.3 Improving rice-based cropping systems in the Indo-Gangetic Plains and in north-west Bangladesh 229

13.4.4 Special Case: Small-holder rubber production in South Sumatra, Indonesia 232

13.5 Conclusions 233

References 233

14 Water management in a semi-arid region: an analogue algorithm approach for rainfall seasonal forecasting

Giampiero Maracchi, Massimiliano Pasqui and Francesco Piani

14.1 Introduction 237

14.2 MethodsandDataset 238

14.3 Skill evaluation 241

14.4 Conclusions 242

References 243

15 WaterManagement-WaterUsein Rainfed Regionsoflndia

YS Ramakrishna, GGSN Rao, VUM Rao, AVMS Rao and KV Rao

Abstract 245

15.1 Introduction 245

15.2 WaterResourcesoftheCountry 247

15.3 Rainwater Management 248

15.4 IssuesandPerspectiveinWaterManagement 248

15.5 Strategies for Improving the Water Management and Water Use Efficiencies 249

15.6 Water Management through Watershed Program 251

Conclusions 262

References 262

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Disaster Survival Guides Collection

Disaster Survival Guides Collection

This is a set of 3 guides all about surviving disasters. Within this set you will learn the following subjects: Earthquakes, Evacuations, Survivor Family and Tsunami.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment