Adaptation strategies

Seven principles and five steps of/in an interesting Adaptation Policy Framework, including a "bottom-up" or vulnerability-driven risk assessment approach to adaptation were dealt with by Burton and Lim (2005). Agrometeorological adaptation strategies to consequences of increasing climate variability and climate change were discussed by Salinger et al. (2000). ttey argued that historically changing economic conditions, technologies, resource availabilities and population pressures were the most important factors that made adaptation necessary and that adaptation to climate trends and fluctuations have to be seen in these contexts.

Diamond (2005) expressed this differently in arguing from historical research that collapse of societies can historically be explained from lack of adaptation strategies to (i) damage caused to their production environments; (ii) climate change; (iii) enemies; (iv) changes in relations with trading partners; (v) political, economi-

cal and social consequences from the other four factors. Both approaches show the overwhelming importance of resource availabilities in determining long term vulnerabilities, so also in adaptation strategies. In a recent address, British Defense Secretary John Reid warned that global climate change and dwindling natural resources are combining to increase the likelihood of violent conflict over land, water and energy (Klare 2006), demanding local and international assistance for adaptation strategies before more resource wars break out.

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