Introduction

The potential value of seasonal climate forecasts is demonstrated by research studies, which are centered on individual projects (Phillips et al. 2002). Several climate application projects are discontinued by the scientists after signifying the practical value and potential applications. The apparent reasons for discontinuation are financial constraints, changing institutional mandates, personal motivation towards other areas of research and disabling institutional policies. Scientific community is deficient in accessibility to influence the policy to institutionalize the forecasting systems, although policy recognizes the importance of climate forecasts during extreme climate events. In this context, bridging the gap that exists between research, policy and users to facilitate generation and use of climate forecasts was recognized as a challenge (Maria et al. 2002). The sustained operational use or institutionalization of climate forecasts is also constrained by distinct subcultures, institutional attributes of the key players like meteorologists, application scientists and extension personnel. As a result, the key players are very different actors bound by distinct sets of goals and mandates. Differences in disciplinary culture and perspective tend to reinforce the institutional separation (Hansen 2002). Apart from these fundamental 'cultures', there are distinct, prominent and motivational factors that influence the sustained generation and use of seasonal climate forecasts. In this chapter, other justifiable factors responsible for institutionalization are discussed with example from Indonesia.

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