Considerable advances have been made in the past decade in our collective understanding of climate variability and its prediction in relation to the agricultural sector and scientific capacity in this field. There is a clear need to further refine and promote the adoption of current climate prediction tools. It is equally important to identify the impediments to further use and adoption of current prediction products.

There is a need to further improve the models to enhance the skill in predicting smaller fluctuations which often concern the users at the field level. The issue of downscaling current predictions to facilitate more accurate local applications continues to be a challenge. Active collaboration between climate forecasters, agrometeorologists, agricultural research and extension agencies in developing appropriate products for the user community is essential.

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