Farmer Perceptions of Drought

A recent Oasis study in Burkina Faso (Slegers et al. 2004) found that farmers' perceptions of drought differ significantly from those of research institutions. Farmers are more focused on the agricultural and local-context effects of drought (crop stress, local variations in stress) whereas researchers tend to concentrate on the regional and meteorological aspects (regional rainfall and temperature patterns, soil erosion and impoverishment). To be more relevant, researchers need to translate...

Livestock and Drought

ILRI and ASARECA, with USAID support, conducted a survey of 663 households investigating coping mechanisms of pure-pastoralists and agro-pastoralists, during the 1995-1997 drought and 1997-1998 El Ni o rains (floods) in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda (Ndikumana et al. 2002). The DMP conducted a similar enquiry in Kenya (Anonymous 2004). The majority of respondents among four tribes in dry areas of Kenya were aware of traditional signs that they felt had predictive power for weather,...

Improving Analytical Tools for Monitoring Drought and Desertification

A dearth of effective, practical tools for assessing and monitoring drought has constrained the fight against desertification. Oasis is fostering the use of quantitative and analytical methods for direct measurements of ecological processes such as evapo- transpiration from inexpensive, frequently-sampled satellite data (Rosema 1993). These remote sensing analyses are combined with on-the-ground participatory assessments of community perceptions and valuations of drought and degradation....

Application of Seasonal Climate Forecasts for Sustainable Agricultural Production in Telangana Subdivision of Andhra

Chart Interaction Depression And Yoga

Kaushik L. S. Rathore J. Hansen G. Sreenivas Substantial advances in the efforts to model planetary weather systems, and resulting improvements to general circulation models (GCMs), have led to better predictability of the climate fluctuations, especially 1 to 6 months in advance (Delecluse et al. 1998). Pioneers in generation and distribution of seasonal climate forecasts include the IRI and NOAA. Wise utilization of this information by the farmers and policy makers...

Institutional Proclivity and Evolution

The institutional proclivity is referred in the context of readiness of the institutions to absorb the new technology available through recent scientific research. The readiness to absorb the forecast technology and further development depends on past experiences of climate related impacts and risk management. Institutions, which pass through a risk management mandate in different context, readily accept and incorporate another emerging risk management strategy. Changes in institutional...

Localized Climate Forecasting System Seasonal Climate and Weather Prediction for Farm Level Decision Making

Recent developments in weather and seasonal rainfall prediction have increased the accuracy and reliability of forecasts of the Indian monsoon. Despite these advances, availability and access to location-specific forecasts to take proper decisions at the farm level is very limited. Traditionally farmers in India have been using a set of indicators that have varied levels of dependability for rainfall prediction and have evolved several coping strategies and mechanisms. The M. S. Swaminathan...

CGIAR Inter Center Initiatives

The 'Oasis' partnership is the CGIAR's initiative to provide research support to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. Oasis engages seven CGIAR centers, many NARS, UN agencies (UNEP, UNDP, FAO), civil society organizations (IUCN, WWF), NGOs, and ARIs. Oasis catalyzes innovative research-for-development partnerships among agricultural and meteorological institutions, and with agricultural stakeholders in the public and private sectors. Oasis is currently studying local...

Improving Applications in Agriculture of ENSOBased Seasonal Rainfall Forecasts Considering Atlantic Ocean Surface

Baethgen R. T. Boca Climate uncertainties, derived from annual climatic variability, often lead to conservative crop management strategies that sacrifice some productivity to reduce the risk of losses in bad years. The availability of ENSO-based climate forecasts has led many to believe that such forecasts may benefit decision-making in agriculture. The forecasting capability may allow the mitigation of negative effects of ENSO-related climate variability as...

ENSO Effects on Uruguayan Rice Production

The fact that rice is irrigated under Uruguayan conditions theoretically should ameliorate ENSO effects on this crop productivity. Straightforward reasoning will indi- cate that for an irrigated crop like rice, ENSO phases can have opposite effects than in non-irrigated ones. Figure 10.1 shows national rice yield average evolution in the last 31 growing seasons (1972-2003). In order to analyze ENSO impacts on rice production the probabilistic impact of ENSO phases on the distribution shifts of...

Methodology

The research study needed two types of data. The first was the indigenous meteorological knowledge of farmers. In order to capture these data, a field survey was conducted using a questionnaire that interviewers used to ask farmers about their knowledge related to local meteorological issues. The second type of data consisted of historical meteorological data acquired from the weather stations within the survey areas. The geographical coordinates of the sites (Table 22.1) indicate that all the...

Study Area

We consider studying the potential of climate applications in Kurnool and Anantapur in the scarce rainfall of zone of Andhra Pradesh state in the southern peninsular India (Fig. 17.1) as farmers in these districts are mostly dependant on dryland agricultural incomes for their livelihoods and are often affected by crop losses and low incomes due to climate variability. Kurnool district receives an annual rainfall of -640 mm, ranging from 548 to 668 mm among different agro ecological situations,...