ABI, 2005: Financial Risks of Climate Change, Summary Report. Association of British Insurers, London, 40 pp. http://www.abi.org.uk/Display/File/Child/ 552/Financial_Risks_of_Climate_Change.pdf.
Abu-Taleb, M.F., 2000: Impacts of global climate change scenarios on water supply and demand in Jordan. Water International, 25,457-463.
Achard, F., H.J. Stibig, L. Laestadius, V. Roshchanka, A. Yaroshenko and D. Ak-senov, Eds., 2005: Identification of 'hotspot areas' of forest cover changes in boreal Eurasia. Office for Official Publication of the European Communities,
Luxembourg, EUR 21681 EN, 64 pp. http://www-temjrc.it//PDF_pub-lis/2005/Achard&al_HotSpot-Boreal-Eurasia.pdf
ACIA (Arctic Climate Impact Assessment), 2005: Impacts of a Warming Arctic: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 140 pp.
ADB (Asian Development Bank), 1994: Climate Change in Asia: Vietnam Country Report. Asian Development Bank, Manila, 103 pp.
ADB (Asian Development Bank), 2002: Key Indicators 2002: Population and Human Resource Trends and Challenges. Asian Development Bank, Manila, 474 pp.
Adger, N., 2000: Social and ecological resilience: are they related? Prog. Hum. Geog, 24,347-364.
Adger, N., 2003: Social capital, collective action, and adaptation to climate change. Econ. Geog., 79,387-404.
Adger, W.N., P.M. Kelly and N.H. Ninh, Eds., 2001: Living with Environmental Change: Social Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience in Vietnam. Routledge, London, 314 pp.
Aggarwal, P.K., 2003: Impact of climate change on Indian agriculture. Journal of Plant Biology, 30,189-198.
Aggarwal, P.K., S.K. Bandyopadhyay, H. Pathak, N. Kalra, S. Chander and S. Kumar, 2000: Analysis of yield trends of the rice-wheat system in north-western India. Outlook Agr, 29,259-268.
Akhtar, R. and A.J. McMichael, 1996: Rainfall and malaria outbreaks in western Rajasthan. Lancet, 348,1457-1458.
Alcamo, J., N. Dronin, M. Endejan, G. Golubev and A. Kirilenko, 2004: A new perspective on the impacts of climate change on Russian agriculture and water resources. Proc. World Climate Change Conference, Moscow, Y. Izrael, G. Gruza, S. Semenov and I. Nazarov, Eds., Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow, 324-335.
Aldhous, P., 2004: Borneo is burning. Nature, 432,144-146.
Ali, A., 1999: Climate change impacts and adaptation assessment in Bangladesh. Climate Res., 12,109-116.
Allen, K.M., 2006: Community-based disaster preparedness and climate adaptation: local capacity building in the Philippines. Disasters, 30, 81-100.
Alley, R.B., 2002: Climate change: enhanced: on thickening ice? Science, 295, 451-452.
Allison,M.A.,S.R. Kham,S.L. Goodbred Jr. andS.A. Kuehl,2003: Stratigraphic evolution of the late Holocene Ganges-Brahmaputra lower delta plain. Sediment. Geol, 155,317-342.
Antonov, J.I., S. Levitus and T.P. Boyer, 2002: Steric sea level variations during 1957-1994: Importance of salinity. J. Geophys. Res, 107, 8013, doi:10.1029/2001JC000964.
Arceo H.O., M.C. Quibilan, P.M. Alino, G. Lim and W.Y. Licuanan, 2001: Coral bleaching in Philippine reefs: coincident evidences with Mesoscale thermal anomalies. B. Mar. Sci, 69,579- 593.
Archer, D.R. and H.J. Fowler, 2004: Spatial and temporal variations in precipitation in the Upper Indus Basin, global teleconnections and hydrological implications. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sc., 8,47-61.
Arendt, A.A., K.A. Echelmeyer, W.D. Harrison, C.S. Lingle and V.B. Valentine, 2002: Rapid wastage of Alaska glaciers and their contribution to rising sea level. Science, 297,382-386.
Arnell, N.W., 2004: Climate change and global water resources: SRES emissions and socio-economic scenarios. Global Environ.l Chang., 14,13-52.
Baker, A.C., C.J. Starger, T.R. McClanahan and P.W. Glynn, 2004: Corals' adaptive response to climate change. Nature, 430,741.
Bangs, M. and D.B. Subianto, 1999: El Niño and associated outbreaks of severe malaria in highland populations in Irian Jaya, Indonesia: a review and epidemi-ological perspective. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 30,608-619.
Barnett, J., 2003: Security and climate change. Global Environ. Chang., 13,7-17.
Batima, P., 2003: Climate change: pasture-livestock, synthesis report - potential impacts of climate change, vulnerability and adaptation assessment for grassland ecosystem and livestock sector in Mongolia, ADMON publishing, Ulaan-baatar, 36-47.
Batima, P., N. Batnasan and B. Lehner, 2004: The Freshwater Systems of Western Mongolia's Great Lakes Basin: Opportunities and Challenges in the Face of Climate Change. ADMON Publishing, Ulaanbaatar, 95 pp.
Batima,P.,L.Natsagdorj,P. GombluudevandB.Erdenetsetseg,2005a: Observed climate change in Mongolia. AIACC Working Paper, 13,25 pp.
Batima, P., T. Ganbaatar, D. Tumerbaatar, B. Erdenetsetseg, B. Bolortsetseg, B. Gantsetseg, G. Sanjid and S. Khudulmur, 2005b: Climate change impacts on environment. Climate Change Impacts, P. Batima and B. Bayasgalan, Eds., Admon publishing, Ulaanbaatar, 59-115.
Batima P., B. Bat, S.Tserendash,L. Bayarbaatar, S. Shiirev-Adya, G.Tuvaansuren, L. Natsagdorj, andT. Chuluun, 2005c: Adaptation to Climate Change, Batima P. and D. Tserendorj, Eds., Admon Publishing, Ulaanbaatar, 90 pp.
Beg, N., J.C. Morlot, O. Davidson, Y. Afrane-Okesse, L. Tyani, F. Denton, Y. Sokona, J.P. Thomas, E.L. La Rovere, J.K. Parikh, K. Parikh and A. Atiq Rahman, 2002: Linkages between climate change and sustainable development. Climate Policy, 2,129-144.
Bhadra, B., 2002: Regional cooperation for sustainable development of Hindu Kush Himalaya region: opportunities and challenges. Paper presented at the Alpine Experience -An Approach for other Mountain Regions, Berchtesgaden.
Blaikie, P.M., T. Cannon, I. Davis and B. Wisner, 1994: At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability, and Disasters. Routledge, New York, 320 pp.
Boer, R. and A. Faqih, 2004: Current and future rainfall variability in Indonesia. In An Integrated Assessment of Climate change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability in Watershed Areas and Communities in Southeast Asia, Report from AIACC Project No. AS21 (Annex C, 95-126). International START Secretariat, Washington, District of Columbia. http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/cgi-bin/aiacc.
Boo, K.O., W.T. Kwon and J.K. Kim, 2004: Vegetation change in regional surface climate over East Asia due to global warming using BIOME 4. Nuovo Cimento, 27,317-327.
Bou-Zeid, E. and M. El-Fadel, 2002: Climate change and water resources in Lebanon and the Middle East. J. Water Res. Pl.-ASCE, 128,343-355.
Bouma, M.J. and H.J. van der Kaay, 1996: The El Niño Southern Oscillation and the historic malaria epidemics on the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka: an early warning system. Trop. Med. Int. Health, 1, 86-96.
Bouma, M.J. and M. Pascual, 2001: Seasonal and interannual cycles of endemic cholera in Bengal 1891-1940 in relation to climate and geography. Hydrobiolo-gia, 460,147-156.
Burke L., L. Selig and M. Spalding, 2002: Reefs at Risk in Southeast Asia Data CD. Accessed: 15.05.07: http://www.wri.org/biodiv/pubs_description.cfm ?PubID=3144.
Cai, Y., D.L. Li, M.C. Tang and C.Y. Bai, 2003: Decadal temperature change over Qinghai-Xizang Plateau in recent 50 years. Plateau Meteorology, 22,464-470.
Callaghan, T.V., L.O. Björn, Y.I. Chernov, F.S. Chapin III, T.R. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, N.V. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W.C. Oechel and G.R. Shaver, 2005: Arctic tundra and polar ecosystems. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, ACIA. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 243352.
Challinor,A.,T. Wheeler, J. Sling andD. Hemming, 2005: Quantification of physical and biological uncertainty in the simulation of the yield of a tropical crop using present day and doubled CO2 climates. Philos. T. Roy. Soc. B, 360,20852094.
Challinor, A.J., T.R. Wheeler,T.M. Osborne and J.M. Slingo, 2006: Assessing the vulnerability of crop productivity to climate change thresholds using an integrated crop-climate model. Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change, J. Schellnhu-ber, W. Cramer, N. Nakicenovic, G. Yohe and T.M.L. Wigley, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 187-194.
Chandrapala,L., 1996: Long term trends of rainfall and temperature in Sri Lanka. Climate Variability and Agriculture, Y.P. Abrol, S. Gadgil and G.B. Pant, Eds., Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 153-162.
Chandrapala, L. and T.K. Fernando, 1995: Climate variability in Sri Lanka - a study of air temperature, rainfall and thunder activity. Proc. International Symposium on Climate and Life in the Asia-Pacific, University of Brunei, Darus-salam.
Checkley, W., L.D. Epstein, R.H. Gilman, D. Figueroa, R. Cama, J.A. Patz and R.E. Black, 2000: Effects of El Niño and ambient temperature on hospital admissions for diarrhoel diseases in Peruvian children. Lancet, 355,442-450.
Chen, J., Z.S. An and L.W. Liu, 2001: Variations in chemical compositions of the aeolian dust in Chinese Loess Plateau over the past 2.5 Ma and chemical weathering in the Asian inland. Sci. China Ser. D, 44,403-413.
Chen, X.Q., 1991: Sea-level changes since the early 1920s from the long records of two tidal gauges in Shanghai, China. J. Coastal Res., 7,787-799.
Cheng G. and T. Wu, 2007: Responses of permafrost to climate change and their environmental significance, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. J. Geophys. Res., 112,
Choi, B.H., D.H. Kim and J.W. Kim, 2002: Regional responses of climate in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean to gradual global warming for a CO2 quadrupling. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 80,1427-1442.
Christensen, J.L.,B. Hewitson, A. Busuioc,A. Chen,X. Gao, I. Held,R. Jones, K. Rupa Kumar and Co-authors, 2007: Regional climate projections. Climate Change 2007: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, K. Averyt, M. Marquis, K.B.M. Tignor and H.L. Miller, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 847-940.
Christensen, L., M.B. Coughenour, J.E. Ellis and Z.Z. Chen, 2004: Vulnerability of the Asian typical steppe to grazing and climate change. Climatic Change, 63, 351-368.
Chua, T.E., 1999: Marine pollution prevention and management in the East Asian seas: a paradigm shift in concept, approach and methodology. Mar. Pollut. Bull, 39,1-12.
Climate Change, 2004: Scientific analysis of the results of World Climate Change Conference, Moscow, 222 pp. (in Russian with an English abstract).
Climate Change in Russia, 2003: IGCE Russian Agency on Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring Publishing, Moscow, 210 pp. (in Russian with an English abstract).
Colwell,R.R., 1996: Global climate and infectious disease: the cholera paradigm. Science, 274,2025-2031.
Cruz,R.V.O.,R.D. Lasco, J.M. Pulhin, F.B. Pulhin and K.B. Garcia, 2006: Climate change impact on water resources in Pantabangan Watershed, Philippines. AIACC Final Technical Report, 9-107. http://www.aiaccproject.org/FinalRe-ports/final_reports .html.
CWC (Central Water Commission), 2001: Water and related statistics. Report of the Ministry of Water Resources, New Delhi.
Dartmouth Flood Observatory, 2003: Dartmouth Flood Observatory - Flood Analysis Report 2003-118: Sri Lanka - Heavy monsoon rains - Flooding and mudslides. http://www.dartmouth.edu/~floods/images/2003118sum.htm.
De, U.S. and R.K. Mukhopadhyay, 1998: Severe heat wave over the Indian subcontinent in 1998 in perspective of global climate. Curr. Sci, 75,1308-1315.
De Grandi, G.F., Y. Pauste, F. Achard and D, Mollicone, 2003: The GBFM Radar Mosaic of the Eurasian Taiga: groundwork for the bio-physical characterization of an ecosystem with relevance to global change studies. Proc. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Toulouse, 176.
Ding, L., B.Y. Li and S.S. Zhang, 2004: Advances in researches on seawater intrusion of coastal area. Marine Science Bulletin, 23, 82-87 (in Chinese with an English abstract).
Ding, Z.Q. and H.S. Pan, 2002: The causes and prediction of flood disaster in Hei-longjiang Provinces. Heilongjiang Science and Technology of Water Conservancy, 3,5-7.
Droogers, P., 2004: Adaptation to climate change to enhance food security and preserve environmental quality: example for southern Sri Lanka. Agr. Water Manage., 66,15-33.
Du, B.L. and J.W. Zhang, 2000: Adaptation strategy for sea-level rise in vulnerable areas along China's coast. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 19,1-16.
Du, J. and Y.C. Ma, 2004: Climatic trend of rainfall over Tibetan Plateau from 1971 to 2000. Acta Geographica Sinica, 59,375-382.
Duedall, I.W. and G.A. Maul, 2005: Demography of coastal populations. Encyclopedia of Coastal Science, ML. Schwartz, Ed., Springer, Dordrecht, 368-374.
Dumnov A.D., Y.I. Maksimov, Y.V. Rochupkina and O.A. Aksenova, 2005: Forest fires in the Russian Federation (statistical book). NIA-Nedra, Moscow, 327 pp. (In Russian).
Duong, L.C., 2000: Lessons from severe tropical storm Linda. Workshop report: The Impact of El Niño and La Niña on Southeast Asia, Hanoi.
Durkin,M.S.,N. Khan,L.L. Davidson,S.S. Zaman andZ.A. Stein, 1993: Theef-fects of a natural disaster on child behaviour: evidence for post-traumatic stress. American Journal of Public Health, 83,1544-1548.
Dyurgerov, M.B. and M.F. Meier, 2000 Twentieth century climate change: evidence from small glaciers. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 97,1406-1411.
Ebi, K, T.J. Teisberg, L.S. Kalkstein, L. Robinson and R.F. Weiher, 2004: Heat watch/warning systems save lives. B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 85,1067-1073.
El-Zein,A.,M.Tewtel-Salemand G. Nehme, 2004: Atime-series analysis of mortality and air temperature in Greater Beirut. Sci. Total Environ., 330,71-80.
Emanuel, K., 2005: Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature, 436,686-688.
Emori, S.,T. Nozawa,A. Numaguchi and I. Uno, 2000: Aregional climate change projection over East Asia. Preprints, 11th Symposium on Global Change Studies, Long Beach, California, 15-18.
Environment News Service, 2002: Hungry Cambodians at the mercy of climate change. Phnom Penh, 26 November 2002. Accessed 16.05.07: http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/nov2002/2002-11-26-02.asp.
Erdnethuya, M., 2003: Forest and steppe fires in Mongolia - potential impacts of climate change, vulnerability and adaptation assessment for grassland ecosystem and livestock sector in Mongolia, Annual AIACC Project Report.
Ericson, J.P., C.J. Vorosmarty, S.L. Dingman, L.G.Ward andM. Meybeck, 2005: Effective sea-level rise and deltas: causes of change and human dimension implications. Global Planet. Change, 50,63-82.
Faisal, I.M. and S. Parveen, 2004: Food security in the face of climate change, population growth and resource constraints: implications for Bangladesh. Environ. Manage, 34,487-498.
Fan,D.D. and C.X. Li, 2005: Complexities of Chinese coast in response to climate change. Advance in Research on Climate Change, 1,111-114 (in Chinese with an English abstract).
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), 2003: World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030. An FAO Perspective. Bruinsma, Ed., FAO, Rome and Earthscan, London, 520 pp.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), 2004a: Yearbook of Fishery Statistics 2002: Capture Production, Vol. 94/1, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 654 pp.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), 2004b: Yearbook ofFishery Statistics 2002: Aquaculture Production, Vol. 94/2, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 206 pp.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), 2004c: Data Base. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), 2005: Special event on impacts of climate change, pests and diseases on food security and poverty reduction. Background document 31" Session of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome, 10 pp.
FAO/WFP (Food and Agriculture Organization/World Food Programme), 2000: FAO/WFP crop and food supply assessment mission to Cambodia. Special Report X9237/E, 29 December 2000, FAO Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture/World Food Programme, 14 pp.
Farooq,A.B. andA.H. Khan, 2004: Climate change perspective in Pakistan. Proc. Capacity Building APN Workshop on Global Change Research, Islamabad, 3946.
Fase, M.M.G. and R.C.N. Abma, 2003: Financial environment and economic growth in selected Asian countries. Journal of Asian Economics, 14,11-21.
Fedorov, A. and P. Konstantinov, 2003: Observations of surface dynamics with thermokarst initiation, Yukechi site, Central Yakutia. Proc. 7th International Conference on Permafrost, Québec, 239-243.
FFARF (Federal Forest Agency of the Russian Federation), 2004: State Forest Account ofRussia for the Year 2003. Russian Scientific Research Centre, Lesresurs, Moscow, 633 pp. (In Russian).
Fischer, G., M. Shah and H. van Velthuizen, 2002: Climate change and agricultural vulnerability. Preprints, World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, 160 pp.
Fitzharris, B.B., 1996: The cryosphere: changes and their impacts. Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses. Contribution of Working Group II to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, R.T. Watson, M.C. Zinyowera, O.F. Canziani, M. Petit, S.K. Sharma, H. Tsukamoto, P. Vellinga, M. Beniston and A. Hentati, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 241265.
FNCRF, 2006: Fourth National Communication of Russian Federation Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Interagency Commission of the Russian Federation on Climate Change Problems, Moscow, 147 pp.
Fritzen, S., 2002: Growth, inequality and the future of poverty reduction in Vietnam. Journal of Asian Economics, 13,635-657.
Frolov, I., G. Alekseev and A. Danilov, 2004: Climate change in polar areas. Proc. World Climate Change Conference, Moscow, Y. Izrael, G. Gruza, S. Semenov and I. Nazarov, Eds., Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow, 484490.
Fukushima, T., M. Kureha, N. Ozaki, Y. Fujimori and H. Harasawa, 2002: Influ ences of air temperature change on leisure industries: case study on ski activities. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 7,173-189.
Gao, X.J., D.L. Li, Z.C. Zhao and F. Giorgi, 2003: Climate change due to greenhouse effects in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and along Qianghai-Tibet Railway. Plateau Meteorology, 22,458-463 (In Chinese with English abstract).
Gavriliev, P.P. and P.V. Efremov, 2003 : Effects of cryogenic processes on Yakut-ian landscapes under climate warming. Proc. 7th International Conference on Permafrost, Québec, 277-282.
GCOS, 2005a: GCOS Regional Action Plan for South and South-East Asia. http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/gcos/documents/GCOS_ESEA_RAP_FINAL-DRAFT_Sept2005.pdf
GCOS, 2005b: GCOS Regional Action Plan for South and South-West Asia. http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/gcos/documents/GCOS_SSWA_RAP_FINAL-DRAFT_Sept2005.pdf
Ge, D.K., Z.O. Jin, C.L. Shi and L.Z. Gao, 2002: Gradual impacts of climate change on rice production and adaptation strategies in southern China, Jiangsu. J.Agr.Sci, 18,1-8.
Giorgi, F. and X. Bi, 2005: Regional changes in surface climate interannual variability for the 21st century from ensembles of global model simulations. Geo-phys. Res. Lett., 32, L13701, doi:10.1029/2005GL023002.
Glantz, M.H., Ed., 2001: Once Burned, Twice Shy? Lessons Learned from the 1997-98 El Niño. United Nations University, Tokyo, 294 pp.
Goldammer, J.G., A.I. Sukhinin and I. Csiszar, 2003: The current fire situation in the Russian Federation. International Forest Fire News, 29, 89-111.
Golitsyn,G.S. and I.A. Yu, Eds., 2002: Global Climate Change and Its Impacts on Russia. Ministry of Industry and Science, Moscow, 465 pp. (in Russian)
Golubev, G. and N. Dronin, 2003: Geography of droughts and food problems in Russia of the twentieth century. Research Monograph of the Centre for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel and Department of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, 25 pp.
Gopal, B., 2003: Future of wetlands in Asia. Abstract, 5th Int. Conf. on Environmental Future, Zürich. http://www.icef.eawag.ch/abstracts/Gopal.pdf.
Gruza, G. and E. Rankova, 2004: Detection of changes in climate state, climate variability and climate extremity. Proc. World Climate Change Conference, Moscow, Y. Izrael, G. Gruza, S. Semenov and I. Nazarov, Eds., Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow, 90-93.
Gruza, G., E. Rankova, V. Razuvaev and O. Bulygina, 1999: Indicators of climate change for the Russian Federation. Climatic Change, 42,219-242.
Guo, Q.X., J.L. Li, J.X. Liu and Y.M. Zhang, 2001: The scientific significance of the forest vegetation ecotone between Daxing'an and Xiaoxing'an mountains to global climate change study. J. Forest., 29,1-4.
Gupta, S.K. and R.D. Deshpande, 2004: Water for India in 2050: first-order assessment of available options. Curr. Sci. India, 86,1216-1224.
Hajima T., Y. Shimizu, Y. Fujita and K. Omasa, 2005: Estimation of net primary production in Japan under nitrogen-limited scenario using BGGC Model. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 60,1223-1225.
Hales, S, N., de Wet, J. Maindonald and A. Woodward, 2002: Potential effect of population and climate changes on global distribution of dengue fever: an empirical model. Lancet, 360, 830-834.
Hamilton, J.M., D.J. Maddison andR.SJ.Tol, 2005: Climate change and international tourism: a simulation study. Global Environ. Chang., 15,253-266.
Han, M., M.H. Zhao, D.G. Li and X.Y. Cao, 1999: Relationship between ancient channel and seawater intrusion in the south coastal plain of the Laizhou Bay. Journal of Natural Disasters, 8,73-80.
Hara, Y., K. Takeuchi and S. Okubo, 2005: Urbanization linked with past agricultural landuse patterns in the urban fringe of a deltaic Asian mega-city: a case study in Bangkok. Landscape Urban Plan., 73,16-28.
Harasawa, H. and S. Nishioka, Eds., 2003: Climate Change on Japan, KokonShoin Publications, Tokyo (In Japanese).
Hasnain, S.I., 2002: Himalayan glaciers meltdown: impacts on South Asian Rivers. FRIEND 2002-Regional Hydrology: Bridging the Gap between Research and Practice, H.A.J. van Lanen and S. Demuth, Eds., IAHS Publications, Wallingford, No. 274,417-423.
Hasumi, H. and S. Emori, Eds., 2004: K-1 coupled model (MIROC) description. K-1 Technical Report 1, Centre for Climate System Research, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 34 pp.
Hewitt, K., 1997: Regions of Risk: a Geographical Introduction to Disaster. Longman, 389 pp.
Higashi, H., K. Dairaku and T. Matuura, 2006: Impacts of global warming on heavy precipitation frequency and flood risk. Journal of Hydroscience and Hydraulic Engineering, 50,205-210.
Hinzman, L.D., D.L. Kane, K. Yoshikawa, A. Carr, W.R. Bolton and M. Fraver, 2003: Hydrological variations among watersheds with varying degrees of permafrost. Proc. 7th International Conference on Permafrost, Québec, 407-411.
Ho, C.H., J.Y. Lee, M.H. Ahn and H.S. Lee, 2003: A sudden change in summer rainfall characteristics in Korea during the late 1970s. Int. J. Climatol, 23,117128.
Hoanh, C.T., H. Guttman, P. Droogers and J. Aerts, 2004: Will we produce sufficient food under climate change? Mekong Basin (South-east Asia). Climate Change in Contrasting River Basins: Adaptation Strategies for Water, Food, and Environment, J.C.J.H. Aerts and P. Droogers, Eds., CABI Publishing, Wallingford, 157-180.
Honda, Y., M. Ono, I. Uchiyama and A. Sasaki, 1995: Relationship between daily high temperature and mortality in Kyushu, Japan. Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi, 42,260-268.
Honda, Y., H. Nitta and M. Ono, 2003: Low level carbon monoxide and mortality of persons aged 65 or older in Tokyo, Japan, 1976-1990. J. Health Sci., 49, 454-458.
Hu, D.X., W.Y. Han and S. Zhang, 2001: Land-Ocean Interaction in Changjiang and Zhujiang Estuaries and Adjacent Sea Areas. China Ocean Press, Beijing, 218 pp. (in Chinese).
Hu, Z.Z., S. Yang and R. Wu, 2003: Long-term climate variations in China and global warming signals. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4614, doi:10.1029/2003J D003651.
Huang, H.J.,F. Li, J.Z. Pang, K.T. Le and S.G. Li, 2005: Land-Ocean Interaction Between Huanghe Delta andBohai Gulf and Yellow Sea. China Science Press, Beijing, 313 pp. (in Chinese).
Huang, Z.G. and X.D. Xie, 2000: Sea Level Changes in Guangdong and Its Impacts and Strategies. Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangzhou, 263 pp.
Huang, Z.G. and W.Q. Zhang, 2004: Impacts of artificial factors on the evolution of geomorphology during recent 30 years in the Zhujiang Delta. Quaternary Research, 24,394-401.
Hughes, T.P., A.H. Baird, D.R. Bellwood, M. Card, S.R. Connolly, C. Folke, R. Grosberg, O. Hoegh-Guldberg and Co-authors, 2003: Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science, 301,929-933.
Hulbe, C.L. andAJ. Payne, 2001: Numerical modelling of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Antarctic Research Series, 77,201-220.
Iafiazova, R.K., 1997: Climate change impact on mud flow formation in Trans-Ili Alatay mountains. Hydrometeorology and Ecology, 3,12-23. (in Russian).
Ichikawa, A., Ed., 2004: Global Warming - The Research Challenges: A Report of Japan's Global Warming Initiative. Springer, 160 pp.
Inam, A., T.M. Ali Khan, A.R. Tabrez, S. Amjad, M. Danishb and S.M. Tabrez, 2003: Natural and man-made stresses on the stability of Indus deltaic Eco region. Extended Abstract, 5th International Conference on Asian Marine Geology, Bangkok, Thailand (IGCP475/APN).
India Meteorological Department, 2002 to 2006: Southwest Monsoons of 2002, 2003, 2004,2005 and 2006 - end of season reports. Published by India Meteorological Department, Government of India, Pune.
India Meteorological Department, 2006: Southwest Monsoon 2006 - end of season report. Published by India Meteorological Department, Government of India, Pune.
IPCC, 1992: Climate Change 1992: The Supplementary Report to the IPCC Scientific Assessment. J.T. Houghton, B.A. Callander and S.K. Varney, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 200 pp.
IPCC, 2001: Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, J.J. McCarthy, O.F. Canziani, N.A. Leary, D.J. Dokken and K.S. White, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1032 pp.
IRIMO, 2006a: Country Climate Analysis in year 2005, Islamic Republic of Iran Meteorological Organization, Tehran.
IRIMO, 2006b: Country Climate Analysis in spring 2006, Islamic Republic of Iran Meteorological Organization, Tehran.
Isaev,A., V. Stolbovoi, V. Kotlyakov, S. Nilsson and I. McCallum, 2004: Climate change and land resources of Russia. Proc. World Climate Change Conference, Moscow, Y. Izrael, G. Gruza, S. Semenov and I. Nazarov, Eds., Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow, 234-240.
Ishigami, Y., Y. Shimizu and K. Omasa, 2003: Projection of climatic change effects on potential natural vegetation distribution in Japan. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 59,269-276 (in Japanese with an English abstract).
Ishigami, Y., Y. Shimizu and K. Omasa, 2005: Evaluation of the risk to natural vegetation from climate change in Japan. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 61, 69-75 (in Japanese with an English abstract).
Isobe, H., 2002: Trends in precipitation over Japan. Proc. 6th Symposium on Water Resources, 585-590.
IUCN (The World Conservation Union), 2003a: Indus Delta, Pakistan: economic costs of reduction in freshwater flows. Case Studies in Wetland Valuation No. 5, Pakistan Country Office, Karachi, 6 pp. Accessed 24.01.07: www.waterandna-ture .org/econ/CaseStudy05Indus .pdf.
IUCN (The World Conservation Union), 2003b: The lower Indus river: balancing development and maintenance of wetland ecosystems and dependent livelihoods. Water and Nature Initiative, 5 pp. Accessed 24.01.07: www.iucn.org/themes/ wani/flow/cases/Indus.pdf.
Izmerov, N.F., B.A. Revich and E.I. Korenberg, Eds., 2004: Proc. Intl. Conf. Climate Change and Public Health in Russia in the 21st Century. Russian Academy of Medical Sciences - Russian Regional Committee for Cooperation with UNEP Centre for Demography and Human Ecology Russian Regional Environmental Centre Non-Governmental Organisation 'Environmental Defence', Moscow, 461 pp.
Izrael, Y. A., Ed., 2002: Scientific aspects of environmental problems in Russia. Proc. All-Russia Conference, Nauka, Moscow, Vol. 1, 622 pp. and Vol. 2,650 pp. (in Russian).
Izrael, Y.A. and Y.A. Anokhin, 2000: Monitoring and assessment of the environment in the Lake Baikal region. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management, 3, 199-202.
Izrael, Y.A. and Y.A. Anokhin, 2001: Climate change impacts on Russia. Integrated Environmental Monitoring, Nauka, Moscow, 112-127 (in Russian with an English abstract).
Izrael, Yu. A. and O.D. Sirotenko, 2003, Modeling climate change impact on agriculture of Russia. Meteorology and Hydrology, 6,5-17.
Izrael, Y.A., and others, Eds. 2002a: Third National Communication of the Russian Federation. Inter-agency Commission of the Russian Federation of Climate Change, Moscow, 142 pp. http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/rusnce3 .pdf.
Izrael, Y.A., Y.A. Anokhin and A.V. Pavlov, 2002b: Permafrost evolution and the modern climate change. Meteorology and Hydrology, 1,22-34.
Izrael, Yu.,A.V. Pavlov, Yu. A. Anokhin,L.T. Miach and B.G. Sherstiukov, 2006: Statistical evaluation of climate change on permafrost terrain in the Russian Federation. Meteorology and Hydrology, 5,27-38.
Japan Meteorological Agency, 2005: Global Warming Projection, Vol.6 - with the RCM20 and with the UCM, 58 pp. (in Japanese).
Jiang, H.T., 2005: Problems and discussion in the study of land subsidence in the Suzhou-Wuxi-Changzhou Area. Quaternary Res., 25,29-33.
Jiang, K., T. Masui, T. Morita and Y. Matsuoka, 2000: Long-term GHG emission scenarios for Asia -Pacific and the world. Technol. Forecast. Soc., 63,207-229.
Jin, Z.Q., C.L. Shi, D.K. Ge and W. Gao, 2001: Characteristic of climate change during wheat growing season and the orientation to develop wheat in the lower valley of the Yangtze River, Jiangsu. J. Agr. Sci., 17,193-199.
Jorgenson,M.T., C.H.Racine, J.C. Walters andT.E. Osterkamp, 2001: Permafrost degradation and ecological changes associated with a warming climate in central Alaska. Climatic Change, 48,551-571.
Juday, G.P., V. Barber, P. Duffy, H. Linderholm, S. Rupp, S. Sparrow, E. Vaganov and J. Yarie, 2005: Forests, Land Management and agriculture. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 781-862.
Jung, H.S., Y. Choi, J.-H. Oh and G.H. Lim, 2002: Recent trends in temperature and precipitation over South Korea. Int. J. Climatol, 22,1327-1337.
Kajiwara, M., T. Oki and J. Matsumoto, 2003: Inter-annual variability of the frequency of severe rainfall in the past 100 years over Japan, Extended abstract, Biannual meeting of the Meteorological Society of Japan (in Japanese).
Kalnay, E. and M. Cai, 2003: Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate. Nature, 423,528-531.
Kalra, N., P.K. Aggarwal, S. Chander, H. Pathak, R. Choudhary, A. Chaudhary, S. Mukesh, H.K. Rai,U.A. Soni, S. Anil, M. Jolly,U.K. Singh,A. Owrs and M.Z. Hussain, 2003: Impacts of climate change on agriculture. Climate Change and India: Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation, P.R. Shukla, S.K. Sharma, N.H. Ravindranath, A. Garg and S. Bhattacharya, Eds., Orient Longman Private, Hy-derbad, 193-226.
Kanai, S.,T. Oki and A. Kashida, 2004: Changes in hourly precipitation at Tokyo from 1890 to 1999. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 82,241-247.
Kato, H., K. Nishizawa, H. Hirakuchi, S. Kadokura, N. Oshima and F. Giorgi, 2000: Performance of RegCM2.5/NCAR-CSM nested system for the simulation of climate change in East Asia caused by global warming. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 79,99-121.
Kawahara, M. and N. Yamazaki, 1999: Long-term trend of incidences of extreme high or low temperatures in Japan, Extended Abstract, Bi-annual meeting of the Meteorological Society of Japan (in Japanese).
Kelly, P.M. and W.N. Adger, 2000: Theory and Practice in Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change and Facilitating Adaptation. Climatic Change, 47, 325352.
Khan,T.M.A.,O.P. Singh and M.D. Sazedur Rahman, 2000: Recent sea level and sea surface temperature trends along the Bangladesh coast in relation to the frequency of intense cyclones. Marine Geodesy, 23,103-116.
Kirpichnikov, M., B. Reutov and A. Novikov, 2004: Scientific and technical projections of the Russian energy sector development as a factor of reduction of the negative climate change. Proc. World Climate Change Conference, Moscow, Y. Izrael, G. Gruza, S. Semenov and I. Nazarov, Eds., Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow,. 413-417.
Kitao M., T. Koike, H. Tobita and Y. Maruyama, 2005: Elevated CO2 and limited nitrogen nutrition can restrict excitation energy dissipation in photosystem II of Japanese white birch (Betulaplatyphylla var.japonica) leaves. Physiologia Plan-tarum, 125,64-73.
Kleypas, J.A., R.W. Buddemeier, D. Archer, J.P. Gattuso, C. Langdon and B.N. Opdyke, 1999: Geochemical consequences of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide on coral reefs. Science, 284,118-120.
Knowlton, N., 2001: The future of coral reefs. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 98,54195425.
Knutson, T.R. and R.E. Tuleya, 2004: Impacts of CO2 induced warming on simulated hurricane intensities and precipitation: sensitivity to the choice of climate model and convective parameterization. J. Climate, 17,3477-3495.
Kovats, R.S., M.J. Bouma, S. Hajat, E. Worrall and A. Haines, 2003: El Niño and health. Lancet, 362,1481-89.
Kripalani,R.H., S.R. Inamdar and N.A. Sontakke, 1996: Rainfall variability over Bangladesh and Nepal: comparison and connection with features over India. Int. J. Climatol., 16,689-703.
Kudo, G., Y. Nishikawa, T. Kasagi and S. Kosuge, 2004: Does seed production of spring ephemerals decrease when spring comes early? Ecol. Res., 19,255-259.
Kurihara, K., K. Ishihara, H. Sakai, Y. Fukuyama, H. Satou, I. Takayabu, K. Mu-razaki, Y. Sato, S. Yukimoto and A. Noda, 2005: Projections of climatic change over Japan due to global warming by high resolution regional climate model in MRI. SOLA, 1,97-100.
Kwon, W.T., I.C. Shin, H.J. Baek, Y. Choi, K.O. Boo, E.S. Im, J.H. Oh and S.H. Lee, 2004: The development of regional climate change scenario for the National climate change Report (III), (In Korean), METRI Technical Report.
Lal, M., 2001: Tropical cyclones in a warmer world. Curr. Sci. India, 80, 11031104.
Lal, M., 2002: Global climate change: India's monsoon and its variability. Final Report under Country Studies Vulnerability and Adaptation Work Assignment with Stratus Consulting's Contract of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 58 pp.
Lal, M., 2003: Global climate change: India's monsoon and its variability. Journal of Environmental Studies and Policy, 6,1-34.
Lal, M., 2007: Implications of climate change on agricultural productivity and food security in South Asia. Key vulnerable regions and climate change - Identifying thresholds for impacts and adaptation in relation to Article 2 of the UN-FCCC, Springer, Dordrecht, in press.
Lal, M., G. Srinivasan and U. Cubasch, 1996: Implications of global warming on the diurnal temperature cycle of the Indian subcontinent. Curr. Sci. India, 71, 746-752.
Lal, M., K.K. Singh,L.S. Rathore, G. Srinivasan and S.A. Saseendran, 1998: Vulnerability of rice and wheat yields in NW - India to future changes in climate. Agri. & Forest Meteorol, 89,101-114.
Lal,M.,G.A. Meehl and J.M. Arblaster, 2000: Simulation of Indian summer monsoon rainfall and its intraseasonal variability. Reg. Environ. Change, 1,163-179.
Lal, M., H. Harasawa, D. Murdiyarso, W.N. Adger, S. Adhikary, M. Ando, Y. Anokhin, R.V. Cruz and Co-authors, 2001a: Asia. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the
Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, J.J. McCarthy, O.F. Canziani, N.A. Leary, D.J. Dokken and K.S. White, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 533-590.
Lal, M., T. Nozawa, S. Emori, H. Harasawa, K. Takahashi, M. Kimoto, A. Abe-Ouchi, T. Nakajima, T. Takemura and A. Numaguti, 2001b: Future climate change: implications for Indian summer monsoon and its variability. Curr. Sci. India, 81,1196-1207.
Leont'yev, I.O., 2004: Coastal profile modelling along the Russian Arctic coast. Coast. Eng, 51,779-794.
Li, B.L. and C.H. Zhou, 2001: Climatic variation and desertification in West Sandy Land of Northeast China Plain. Journal of Natural Resources, 16,234-239.
Li, C.X, D.D. Fan, B. Deng and V. Korotaev, 2004a: The coasts of China and issues of sea level rise. J. Coastal Res., 43,36-47.
Li, C.X., S.Y. Yang, D.D. Fan and J. Zhao, 2004b: The change in Changjiang suspended load and its impact on the delta after completion of Three-Gorges Dam. Quaternary Sciences, 24,495-500 (in Chinese with an English abstract).
Li, J., J.Y. Zang, Y. Saito, X.W. Xu, Y.J. Wang, E. Matsumato and Z.Y. Zhang, 2005: Several cooling events over the Hong River Delta, Vietnam during the past 5000 years. Advances in Marine Science, 23, 43-53 (in Chinese with an English abstract).
Li, Q.F., F.S. Li and L. Wu, 2002: A primary analysis on climatic change and grassland degradation in Inner Mongolia. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 20,98-102.
Lin,E.D., Y.L. Xu, H. Ju and W. Xiong, 2004: Possible adaptation decisions from investigating the impacts of future climate change on food and water supply in China. Paper presented at the 2nd AIACC Regional Workshop for Asia and the Pacific, 2-5 November 2004, Manila, Philippines. http://www.aiaccproject.org /meetings/Manila_04/Day2/erda_nov3 .doc.
Liu, C.M. andZ.K. Chen, 2001: Assessment on Water Resources Status and Analysis on Supply and Demand Growth in China. China Water Conservancy and Hydropower Press, Beijing, 168pp.
Liu, C.Z., 2002: Suggestion on water resources in China corresponding with global climate change. China Water Resources, 2,36-37.
Liu, S.G., C.X. Li, J. Ding, X.Z. Li and V.V. Ivanov, 2001: The rough balance of progradation and erosion of the Yellow River delta and its geological meaning. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 21,13-17.
Liu, S.R., Q.S. Guo and B.Wang, 1998: Prediction of net primary productivity of forests in China in response to climate change. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 18,478483.
Liu, Y.B. and Y.N. Chen, 2006: Impact of population growth and land-use change on water resources and ecosystems of the arid Tarim River Basin in western China. Int. J. Sust. Dev. World, 13,295-305.
Lobitz, B.,L. Beck, A. Huq, B.L. Wood, G. Fuchs,A.S.G. Faruque and R. Colwell, 2000: Climate and infectious disease: use of remote sensing for detection of Vibrio cholerae by indirect measurement. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 97,1438-1443.
Loukos, H, P. Monfray, L. Bopp and P. Lehodey, 2003: Potential changes in skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) habitat from a global warming scenario: modelling approach and preliminary results. Fish. Oceanogr, 12,474-482.
Lu, J.J., 2003: Estuarine Ecology. China Ocean Press, Beijing, 318 pp (in Chinese) .
Lu, X.R. and X.Y. Lu, 2003: Climate tendency analysis of warming and drying in grassland of Northeast Qingzang Plateau of China. Grassland of China, 24, 813.
Ma, Z.G. and C.B. Fu, 2003: Interannual characteristics of the surface hydrolog-ical variables over the arid and semi-arid areas of northern China. Global Planet. Change, 37,189-200.
Macintosh, D., 2005: Asia, eastern, coastal ecology. Encyclopedia of Coastal Science, M. Schwartz, Ed., Springer, Dordrecht, 56-67.
Malcolm, J.R., C. Liu, R.P. Neilson, L. Hansen and L. Hannah, 2006: Global warming and extinctions of endemic species from biodiversity hotspots. Conserv. Bio., 20,538-548.
Malevski-Malevich S.P., E.K. Molketin, E.D. Nadezdina and O.B. Skliarevich, 2005: Assessment of forest fire scales in the Russia under the projected climate change by 2100. Meteorology and Hydrology, 3,36-44.
Manton, M.J., P.M. Della-Marta, M.R. Haylock, K.J. Hennessy, N. Nicholls, L.E. Chambers, D.A. Collins, G. Daw and Co-authors, 2001: Trends in extreme daily rainfall and temperature in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific; 1961-1998. Int. J. Climatol, 21,269-284.
Marchenko, S.S., 2002: Results of monitoring of the active layer in the northern
Tien Shan mountains. Journal Earth Cryosphere, 4,25-34. (in Russian).
Matsen, H. and F. Jakobsen, 2004: Cyclone induced storm surge and flood forecasting in the northern Bay of Bengal. Coast. Eng., 51,277-296.
Matsui, T. and K. Omasa, 2002: Rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars tolerant to a high temperature at flowering: anther characteristics. Ann. Bot.-London, 89,683-687.
Matsui, T., T. Yagihashi, T. Nakaya, H. Taoda, S. Yoshinaga, H. Daimaru and N. Tanaka, 2004a: Probability distributions, Fagus crenata forests following vulnerability and predicted climate sensitivity in changes in Japan. J. Veg. Sci., 15, 605-614.
Matsui, T., T. Yagihashi, T. Nakaya, N. Tanaka, and H. Taoda, 2004b: Climate controls on distribution of Fagus crenata forests in Japan. J. Veg. Sci., 15,57-66.
May, W., 2004a: Simulation of the variability and extremes of daily rainfall during the Indian summer monsoon for present and future times in a global time-slice experiment. Clim. Dynam., 22,183-204.
May, W., 2004b: Potential future changes in the Indian summer monsoon due to greenhouse warming: analysis of mechanisms in a global time-slice experiment. Clim. Dynam., 22,389-414.
Mazda Y., M. Magi, M. Kogo and P.N. Hong, 1997: Mangroves as a costal protection from waves in the Tong King Delta, Vietnam. Mangroves and Salt Marshes, 1,127-135.
Mazda Y., M. Magi, Y. Ikeda, T. Kurokawa and T. Asano, 2006: Wave reduction in a mangrove forest dominated by Sonneratia sp. Wetlands Ecology andMan-agement, 14, 365-378.
McMichael, A.J., D.H. Campbell-Lendrum, C.F. Corvalan, K.L. Ebi, A.K. Githeko, J.D. Scheraga and A. Woodward, Eds., 2003: Climate Change and Human Health - Risks and Responses, World Health Organization, Geneva, 333 pp.
McMichael,A.J., D. Campbell-Lendrum, S. Kovats, S. Edwards, P. Wilkinson, T. Wilson, R. Nicholls and Co-authors, 2004: Global climate change. Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Global and Regional Burden of Disease due to Selected Major Risk Factors, M. Ezzati, A. Lopez, A. Rodgers and C. Murray, Eds., World Health Organization, Geneva, 1543-1649.
Meier, M., 1998: Land ice on Earth: a beginning of a global synthesis, unpublished transcript of the 1998 Walter B. Langbein Memorial Lecture, American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting - 26 May 1998, Boston, MA.
Melnikov, B.V. and A.L. Revson, 2003: Remote sensing of northern regions of West Siberia. Cryosphere of Earth, 4,37-48 (in Russian).
Meshcherskaya, A.V. and V.G. Blazhevich, 1990: Catalogues of temperature-humidity characteristics with the account being taken, distribution over economic regions of the principal grain-growing zone of the USSR (1891-1983), Gidrom-eteoizdat, 3, Leningrad.
Milliman, J.D. and R.H. Meade, 1983: World-wide delivery of river sediment to the oceans. J. Geol, 90,1-21.
Mimura, N. and H. Yokoki, 2004: Sea level changes and vulnerability of the coastal region of East Asia in response to global warming. SCOPE/START Monsoon Asia Rapid Assessment Report.
Min, S .K., W.T. Kwon, E.H. Park and Y. Choi, 2003: Spatial and temporal comparisons of droughts over Korea with East Asia. Int. J. Climatol., 23,223-233.
Ministry of the Environment and Japanese Coral Reef Society, 2004: Coral Reefs of Japan. Ministry of the Environment, 356 pp.
Mirza, M.Q., 2002: Global warming and changes in the probability of occurrence of floods in Bangladesh and implications. Global Environ. Chang, 12,127-138.
Mirza, M.Q. and A. Dixit, 1997: Climate change and water management in the GBM Basins. Water Nepal, 5,71-100.
Mitra, A., S. Bhattacharya,R.C. Dhiman, K.K. Kumar and C. Sharma, 2004: Impact of climate change on health: a case study of malaria in India. Climate Change and India: Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation, P.R. Shukla, S.K. Sharma, N.H. Ravindranath,A. Garg and S. Bhattacharya, Eds., Orient Longman Private, Hyderbad, 360-388.
MRC, 2003: State of the Basin Report: 2003. Mekong River Commission, Phnom Penh, 300 pp.
Murdiyarso, D., 2000: Adaptation to climatic variability and change: Asian perspectives on agriculture and food security. Environ. Monit. Assess., 61,123-131.
Murdiyarso, D. and E. Adiningsih, 2006: Climatic anomalies, Indonesian vegetation fires and terrestrial carbon emissions. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12,101-112.
Murdiyarso, D., L. Lebel, A.N. Gintings, S.M.H. Tampubolon, A. Heil and M. Wasson, 2004: Policy responses to complex environmental problems: insights from a science-policy activity on transboundary haze from vegetation fires in
Southeast Asia. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 104,47-56.
Nakagawa, H., T. Horie and T. Matsui, 2003: Effects of climate change on rice production and adaptive technologies. Rice Science: Innovations and Impact for Livelihood, T.W. Mew, D.S. Brar, S. Peng, D. Dawe and B. Hardy, Eds., International Rice Research Institute, Manila 635-658.
Nakicenovic, N., and R. Swart, Eds., 2000: Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. A Special Report of Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 599 pp.
Natsagdorj, L., P. Gomboluudev and P. Batima, 2005: Climate change in Mongolia. Climate Change and its Projections, P. Batima and B. Myagmarjav, Eds., Admon publishing, Ulaanbaatar, 39-84.
Nelson, F.E., 2003: Geocryology: enhanced: (un)frozen in time. Science, 299, 1673-1675.
Nerem, R.S. and G.T. Mitchum, 2001: Observations of sea level change from satellite altimetry. Sea Level Rise: History and Consequences, B.C. Douglas, M.S. Kearney and S.P. Leatherman, Eds., Academic, San Diego, California, 121-163.
Nguyen V.L., T.K.O. Ta and M. Tateishib, 2000: Late Holocene depositional environments and coastal evolution of the Mekong River Delta, Southern Vietnam. J. Asian Earth Sci, 18,427-439.
Nicholls, R.J., 1995: Coastal mega-cities and climate change. GeoJournal, 37, 369-379.
Nicholls, R.J., 2004: Coastal flooding and wetland loss in the 21st century: changes under the SRES climate and socio-economic scenarios. Global Environ. Chang, 14,69-86.
Nicholls, R.J. andR.SJ.Tol, 2006: Impacts and responses to sea-level rise: a global analysis of the SRES scenarios over the 21st Century. Philos. T. R. Soc. A., 364, 1073-1095.
Niou, Q.Y., 2002: 2001-2002 Report on Chinese Metropolitan Development. Xiyuan Press, Beijing, 354 pp (in Chinese).
Nishioka, S. and H. Harasawa, Eds., 1998: Global Warming - The Potential Impact on Japan. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo, 244 pp.
Oda, K. and M. Ishii, 2001: Body color polymorphism in nymphs and ntaculatus (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) adults of a katydid, Conocephalus. Appl. Entomol. Zool, 36,345-348.
Ojima, D.S., X. Xiangming, T. Chuluun and X.S. Zhang, 1998: Asian grassland biogeochemistry: factors affecting past and future dynamics of Asian grasslands. Asian Change in the Context of Global Climate Change, J.N. Galloway and J.M. Melillo, Eds., IGBP Book Series, 3, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 128-144.
Oren,R., D.S. Ellsworth, K.H. Johnsen,N. Phillips, B.E. Ewers, C.Maier, K.V.R. Schafer, H. McCarthy, G. Hendrey, S.G. McNulty and G.G. Katul, 2001: Soil fertility limits carbon sequestration by forest ecosystems in a CO2-enriched atmosphere. Nature, 411,469-472.
Osterkamp, T.E., L. Vierek, Y. Shur, M.T. Jorgenson, C. Racine, A. Doyle and R.D. Boone, 2000: Observations of thermokarst and its impact on boreal forests in Alaska, U.S.A. Arct, Antarct. Alp. Res, 32,303-315.
Paerl, H.W., J. Dyble, PH. Moisander, R.T. Noble, M.F. Piehler, J.L. Pinckney, T.F. Steppe, L. Twomey and L.M. Valdes, 2003: Microbial indicators of aquatic ecosystem change: current applications to eutrophication studies. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol, 46,233-246.
PAGASA (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration), 2001: Documentation and analysis of impacts of and responses to extreme climate events. Climatology and Agrometeorology Branch Technical Paper No. 2001-2, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, Quezon City, 55 pp.
Page, S .E., F. Siegert, J.O. Rieley, H.D.V. Boehm and A. Jaya, 2002: The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997. Nature, 420,61-65.
Pan, X.L., W. Deng and D.Y. Zhang, 2003: Classification of hydrological landscapes of typical wetlands in Northeast China and their vulnerability to climate change. Research of Environmental Sciences, 16,14-18.
Parikh, J. and K. Bhattacharya, 2004: South Asian energy and emission perspectives for 21st century. Report of the IIASA-World Energy Council Project on Global Energy Perspectives for the 21st Century, International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis, 33 pp. http://www.iiasa.ac.at/Research/ECS/ IEW2003/Abstracts/2003A_bhattacharya.pdf.
Parry, M.L., 2002: Scenarios for climate impacts and adaptation assessment. Global Environ. Chang., 12,149-153.
Parry, M.L., C. Rosenzweig, A. Iglesias, G. Fischer and M. Livermore, 1999: Cli mate change and world food security: A new assessment. Global Environ. Chang, 9,51-67.
Parry, M.L., C. Rosenzweig, A. Iglesias, M. Livermore and G. Fischer, 2004: Effects of climate change on global food production under SRES emissions and socio-economic scenarios. Global Environ. Chang., 14,53-67.
Pascual, M.,X. Rodo, S.P. Ellner, R. Colwell and M.J. Bouma, 2000: Cholera dynamics and El Niño Southern Oscillation. Science, 289,1766-1767.
Pascual, M., M.J. Bouma and A.P. Dobson, 2002: Cholera and climate: revisiting the quantitative evidence. Microbes Infect., 4,237-245.
Patz, J.A., M.A. McGeehin, S.M. Bernard, K.L. Ebi, P.R. Epstein, A. Grambsch,
D.J. Gubler, P. Reiter, I. Romieu, J.B. Rose, J.M. Samet and J. Trtanj, 2000: The potential health impacts of climate variability and change for the United States: executive summary of the report of the health sector of the U.S. National Assessment. Environ. Health Persp, 108,367-376.
Patz, J.A., D. Cambell-Lendrum, T. Holloway and J .A. Foley, 2005: Impact of regional climate on human health. Nature, 438,310-317.
Pavlov, A.V. and G.V. Ananjeva-Malkova, 2005: Small-scale mapping of contemporary air and ground temperature changes in northern Russia. Priorities in the Earth Cryosphere Research. Pushchino, 62-73.
Pelling, M., 2003: The Vulnerability of Cities: Natural Disasters and Social Resilience. Earthscan, London, 212 pp.
Peng, S., J. Huang, J.E. Sheehy,R.E. Laza, R.M. Visperas, X. Zhong, G.S. Centeno, G.S. Khush and K.G. Cassman, 2004: Rice yields decline with higher night temperature from global warming. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 101,9971-9975.
Penland, S. and M.A. Kulp, 2005: Deltas. Encyclopedia of Coastal Science, M.L. Schwartz, Ed., Springer, Dordrecht, 362-368.
Peterson, B.J., R.M. Holmes, J.W. McClelland, C.J. Vorosmarty, R.B. Lammers, A.I. Shiklomanov, I.A. Shiklomanov and S. Rahmstorf, 2002: Increasing river discharge to the Arctic Ocean. Science, 298,137-143.
Preston, B.L., R. Suppiah, I. Macadam and J. Bathols, 2006: Climate change in the Asia/Pacific region. Report prepared for the Climate Change and Development Roundtable, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 89 pp.
Pu, J.C., T.D. Yao, N.L. Wang, Z. Su and Y.P. Shen, 2004: Fluctuations of the glaciers on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during the past century. Journal ofGlaciol-ogy and Geocryology, 26,517-522.
Pulhin, JM., U. Chokkalingam, R.T. Acosta, A.P. Carandang, M.Q. Natividad and R.A. Razal, 2006: Historical overview of forest rehabilitation in the Philippines. One Century of Forest Rehabilitation in the Philippines: Approaches, Outcomes and Lessons, U. Chokkalingam, A.P. Carandang, J.M. Pulhin, R.D. Lasco and R.J.J. Peras, Eds., CIFOR-CFNR UPLB-FMB DENR, Bogor, 6-41.
Qin, D.H., 2002: Assessment of environment change in Western China, 2nd Volume. Prediction of Environment Change in Western China, Science Press, Beijing, 64-161.
Qiu, G.W., Y.X. Hao and S.L. Wang, 2001: The impacts of climate change on the interlock area of farming - pastoral region and its climatic potential productivity in Northern China. Arid Zone Research, 18,23-28.
Rachmanin, Y.A. and Co-authors, 2004: Criteria for assessment of influence of weather and air pollution on public health. Proc. Intl. Conf. Climate, Change and Public Health in Russia in the 21st Century,NF. Izmerov, B.A. Revich and
E.I. Korenberg, Eds., Russian Academy of Medical Sciences - Russian Regional Committee for Cooperation with UNEP Centre for Demography and Human Ecology Russian Regional Environmental Centre Non-Governmental Organisation 'Environmental Defence',Moscow, 171-175.
Ragab, R. and C. Prudhomme, 2002: Climate change and water resources management in arid and semi-arid regions: prospective and challenges for the 21st century. Biosystems Engineering, 81,3-34.
Rahimzadeh, F., 2006: Study of precipitation variability in Iran, Research Climatology Institute, IRIMO, Tehran.
Reich, P.B., S.E. Hobbie, T. Lee, D.S. Ellsworth, J.B. West, D. Tilman, J.M.H. Knops, S. Naeem and J. Trost, 2006: Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainabil-ity of ecosystem response to CO2. Nature, 440,922-925.
Rignot, E., A. Rivera and G. Casassa, 2003: Contribution of the Patagonia icefields of South America to sea level rise. Science, 302,434-437.
Rodo, X., M. Pascual, G. Fuchs and A.S .G. Faruque, 2002: ENSO and cholera: a nonstationary link related to climate change? P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 99,1290112906.
Romanovsky, V., M. Burgess, S. Smith, K. Yoshikawa and J. Brown, 2002: Permafrost temperature records: indicators of climate change. EOS Transactions, 83,
Romanovsky, V.E., N.I. Shender, T.S. Sazonova, V.T. Balobaev, G.S. Tipenko and V.G. Rusakov, 2001: Permafrost temperatures in Alaska and East Siberia: past, present and future. Proc. 2nd Russian Conference on Geocryology (Permafrost Science), Moscow, 301-314.
Rosenzweig, C., A. Iglesias, X.B. Yang, P.R. Epstein and E. Chivian, 2001: Climate change and extreme weather events: implications for food production, plant diseases and pests. Global Change and Human Health, 2,90-104.
Ruosteenoja, K.,T.R. Carter, K. Jylha and H. Tuomenvirta, 2003: Future climate in world regions: an intercomparison of model-based projections for the new IPCC emissions scenarios. The Finnish Environment 644, Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, 83 pp.
Rupa Kumar, K., K. Kumar, V. Prasanna, K. Kamala, N.R. Desphnade, S.K. Pat-wardhan and G.B. Pant, 2003: Future climate scenario. Climate Change and India: Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation, P.R. Shukla, S.K. Sharma, N.H. Ravindranath, A. Garg and S. Bhattacharya, Eds., Orient Longman Private, Hy-derbad,69-127.
Ryoo, S.B., W.T. Kwon and J.G. Jhun, 2004: Characteristics of wintertime daily and extreme temperature over South Korea. Int. J. Climatol., 24,145-160.
Saito, Y., 2005: Mega-deltas in Asia: characteristics and human influences. MegaDeltas of Asia: Geological Evolution and Human Impact, Z.Y. Chen, Y. Saito, S.L. Goodbred, Jr., Eds., China Ocean Press, Beijing, 1-8.
Sanlaville P. and A. Prieur, 2005: Asia, Middle East, coastal ecology and geo-morphology. Encyclopedia of Coastal Science, M.L. Schwartz, Ed., Springer, Dordrecht, 71-83.
Sato, Y., 2000: Climate change prediction in Japan. Tenki, 47, 708-716. (in Japanese)
Savelieva, I.P., Semiletov, L.N. Vasilevskaya and S.P. Pugach, 2000: A climate shift in seasonal values of meteorological and hydrological parameters for Northeastern Asia. Prog. Oceanogr, 47,279-297.
Sharkhuu,N., 2003: Recent changes in the permafrost of Mongolia. Proc. 7th International Conference on Permafrost, Québec, 1029-1034.
She,Z.X., 2004: Human-land interaction and socio-economic development, with special reference to the Changjiang Delta. Proc. Xiangshan Symposium on Human-land Coupling System of River Delta Regions: Past, Present and Future, Beijing (in Chinese).
Shein, K.A., Ed., 2006: State of the climate in 2005. B.Am. Meteorol. Soc, 87, S1-S102.
Shen, X.T., Z.C. Mao and J.R. Zhu, 2003: Saltwater intrusion in the Changjiang Estuary. China Ocean Press, Beijing, 175 pp (in Chinese).
Shen, Y.P., G.X. Wang, Q.B.Wu and S.Y. Liu, 2002: The impact of future climate change on ecology and environments in the Changjiang - Yellow Rivers source region. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 24,308-313.
Sheppard, C.R.C., 2003: Predicted recurrences of mass coral mortality in the Indian Ocean. Nature, 425,294 -297.
Shi, L.Q., J.F. Li, M. Ying, W.H. Li, S.L. Chen and G.A. Zhang, 2005: Advances in researches on the modern Huanghe Delta development and evolution. Advances in Marine Science, 23,96-104.
Shi, Y.F., Y.P. Shen and R.J. Hu, 2002: Preliminary study on signal, impact and foreground of climatic shift from warm-dry to warm-humid in Northwest China. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 24,219-226.
Shimoda, Y., 2003: Adaptation measures for climate change and the urban heat island in Japan's built environment. Build. Res. Inf., 31,222-230.
Shoigu, S., 2004: Global climate changes and emergencies in Russia. Proc. World Climate Change Conference, Moscow, Y. Izrael, G. Gruza, S. Semenov and I. Nazarov, Eds., Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow, 73-85.
Short, F.T. and H.A. Neckles, 1999: The effects of global climate change on sea-grasses. Aquat. Bot., 63,169-196.
Shrestha, A.B., 2004: Climate change in Nepal and its impact on Himalayan glaciers. Presented European Climate Forum Symposium on "Key vulnerable regions and climate change: Identifying thresholds for impacts and adaptation in relation to Article 2 of the UNFCCC", Beijing.
Shrestha, A.B., C P. Wake, J.E. Dibb and P.A. Mayewski, 2000: Precipitation fluctuations in the Nepal Himalaya and its vicinity and relationship with some large scale climatological parameters. Int. J. Climatol., 20,317-327.
Siddiqui, K.M., I. Mohammad and M. Ayaz, 1999: Forest ecosystem climate change impact assessment and adaptation strategies for Pakistan. Climate Res, 12,195-203.
Simas,T., J.P. Nunes and J.G. Ferreira, 2001: Effects of global climate change on coastal salt marshes. Ecol. Model., 139,1-15.
Sin, S., 2000: Late Quaternary geology of the Lower Central Plain, Thailand. J. Asian Earth Sci, 18,415-426.
Singh, N. and N.A. Sontakke, 2002: On climatic fluctuations and environmental changes of the Indo-Gangetic plains, India. Climatic Change, 52,287-313.
Singh, N., A.C. Nagpal, A. Saxena and A.P. Singh, 2004: Changing scenario of malaria in central India, the replacement of Plasmodium vivax by Plasmodium falciparum (1986-2000). Trop. Med. Int. Health, 9,364-371.
Slingo, J.M., A.J. Challinor, B.J. Hoskins and T.R. Wheeler, 2005: Food crops in a changing climate. Phil. T. Roy. Soc. B, 360,1983-1989.
Sodhi, N.S., L P. Koh, B.W. Brook and P.K.L. Ng, 2004: Southeast Asian biodiversity: an impending disaster. Trends Ecol. Evol, 19,654-660.
Spalding, M., C. Ravilious and E.P. Green, 2001: World Atlas of Coral Reefs. University of California Press, Los Angeles, 424 pp.
Srinivasan, T.N., 2000: Poverty and undernutrition in South Asia. Food Policy, 25,269-282.
Stern, N., 2007: Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 692 pp.
Su, J.L. and Q.S. Tang, 2002: Study on Marine Ecosystem Dynamics in Coastal Ocean. II Processes of the Bohai Sea Ecosystem Dynamics. Science Press, Beijing, 445 pp.
Sukumar, R., K.G. Saxena and A. Untawale, 2003: Climate change impacts on natural ecosystem. Climate Change and India: Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation, PR. Shukla, S.K. Sharma,N.H. Ravindranath, A. Garg and S. Bhattacharya, Eds., Orient Longman Private, Hyderbad, 266-290.
Takahashi, K., Y. Honda and S. Emori, 2007: Estimation of changes in mortality due to heat stress under changed climate. Risk Res., 10,339-354.
Takahashi, Y. and S. Kawashima, 1999: A new prediction method for the total pollen counts of Cryprtomeria japonica based on variation in annual summertime temperature. Allergy, 48,1217-1221.
Tan, G. and R. Shibasaki, 2003: Global estimation of crop productivity and the impacts of global warming by GIS and EPIC integration. Ecol. Model., 168, 357-370.
Tan, J., L.S. Kalkstein, J. Huang, S. Lin, H. Yin and D. Shao, 2004: An operational heat/health warning system in Shanghai. Int. J. Biometeorol, 48,157-62.
Tao, F., M. Yokozawa, Y. Hayashi and E. Lin, 2003a: Changes in agricultural water demands and soil moisture in China over the last half-century and their effects on agricultural production. Agr. Forest Meteorol, 118,251-261.
Tao, F., M. Yokozawa, Y. Hayashi and E. Lin, 2003b: Future climate change, the agricultural water cycle, and agricultural production in China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 95,203-215.
Tao,F.,M. Yokozawa,Z. Zhang, Y. Hayashi,H. Grassl and C. Fu, 2004: Variability in climatology and agricultural production in China in association with the East Asia summer monsoon and El Niño South Oscillation. Climate Res, 28,23-30.
Tao, F., M. Yokozawa, Y. Hayashi and E. Lin, 2005: A perspective on water resources in China: interactions between climate change and soil degradation. Climatic Change, 68,169-197.
Teranishi,L., Y. Kenda,T. Katoh, M. Kasuya, E. Oura and H. Taira, 2000: Possible role of climate change in the pollen scatter of Japanese cedar Cryptomeria japonica in Japan. Climate Res., 14,65-70.
TERI, 1996: Tata Energy Research Institute, New Delhi, Report No 93/GW/52, submitted to the Ford Foundation.
Thanh, T.D., Y. Saito, D.V. Huy, V.L. Nguyen, T.K.O. Ta and M. Tateish, 2004: Regimes of human and climate impacts on coastal changes in Vietnam. Reg. Environ. Change, 4,49-62.
Tong, S.L. and L.V. Ying, 2000: Global Climate Change and Epidemic Diseas
Was this article helpful?
Disasters: Why No ones Really 100 Safe. This is common knowledgethat disaster is everywhere. Its in the streets, its inside your campuses, and it can even be found inside your home. The question is not whether we are safe because no one is really THAT secure anymore but whether we can do something to lessen the odds of ever becoming a victim.