Adaptation to climate change in German official development assistance

This KfW project is one of the German contributions to a programme initiated by the World Bank, which is aimed at preserving the unique biodiversity of Madagascar. The programme aims to identify (i) the factors that lead to a decline in biodiversity, (ii) the underlying mechanisms that trigger these factors and (iii) the current societal and institutional arrangements that have led to these mechanisms having an adverse effect on biodiversity. The overall goal of the programme is then to develop an institutional framework in which the factors and underlying mechanisms can be addressed. There are three national parks in Madagascar, each situated in the upstream part of a river catchment. As such, the vegetation helps to stabilise the soils on the slopes of the river catchments, as well as the runoff of river water, which is important for downstream agriculture (mainly cultivation of rice in paddy fields). However, increasing development pressure has led to an increase in soil erosion, which has affected river flow

Klein, R.J.T., 2001: Adaptation to climate change in German official development assistance: an inventory of activities and opportunities, with a special focus on Africa. GTZ, Eschborn, Germany, 42 pp.

Other social, economic or political drivers

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