Nsw

NSW Water Savings Fund supports projects which save or recycle water in Sydney

US$98 million for Round 3, plus more than US$25 million to 68 other projects

DEUS, 2006

Queensland (Qld)

Qld Water Plan 2005 to 2010 to improve water-use Includes US$182 million for water efficiency and quality, recycling, drought infrastructure in south-east Qld, and US$302 preparedness, new water pricing million to other infrastructure programmes

Queensland Government, 2005

South Australia

Water Proofing Adelaide project is a blueprint for the management, conservation and development of Adelaide's water resources to 2025

N/A

Government of South Australia, 2005

Western Australia (WA)

State Water Strategy (2003) and State Water Plan (proposed) WA Water Corporation doubled supply from 1996 to 2006

US$500 million spent by WA Water Government of Western Corporation from 1996 to 2006, plus US$290 Australia, 2003, 2006; million for the Perth desalination plant Water Corporation, 2006

2005). The National Land and Water Resources Audit (NLWRA, 2001) and State of the Environment Report (SOE, 2001) also have climate-change elements.

Awareness raising and capacity building

In New Zealand, efforts are underway for transferring scientific information to LGAs and facilitating exchange of information between LGAs. The New Zealand Climate Change Office has held a number of workshops for LGAs (MfE, 2002, 2004b), supported case studies of 'best practice' adaptation by LGAs, and has commissioned guidance documents for LGAs on integrating climate change adaptation into their functions (MfE, 2004c). The AGO, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and most Australian state and territory governments have developed products and services for raising awareness about climate change. Government-supported capacity-building programmes, such as the Australian National Landcare Programme, enhance resilience to climate change via mechanisms such as whole-farm planning.

In general, the domestic focus of both countries has, until recently, been on mitigation, while adaptation has had a secondary role in terms of policy effort and government funding for implementation (MfE, 2004b). However, since the TAR, recognition of the necessity for adaptation has grown and concrete steps have been taken to bolster the pre-conditions for adaptation, as discussed above. Initiatives such as the Australia-New Zealand Bilateral Climate Change Partnership (AGO, 2003) explicitly include adaptation. Overall, in comparison to most other countries, New Zealand and Australia have a relatively high and growing level of adaptive capacity, which has the potential to be implemented systematically on a wide scale.

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