Watershed restoration and development in Maharashtra State, India

These measures represent a blending of 'new' or 'external' techniques with traditional knowledge in order to ensure both effective and local ownership. The results of this approach have been laudable. Reduced barren soil cover, improved soil moisture regimes, increased well water levels, biomass regeneration, and dramatic increases in fodder availability, milk production, and vegetable farming are some of the results reported by participating villages. Coupled with micro-enterprise development and an increase in savings groups, these results have translated into more secure livelihoods, diversified asset bases and reduced exposure to climate related shocks. In short, drought-prone communities have been able to make themselves less vulnerable to drought. In the face of projected increases in extreme events, this reduced vulnerability will improve their capacity to adapt to climate change.

IUCN, SEI-B, IISD, and Intercooperation, 2003: Livelihoods and climate change. Internation Institute for Sustainable Development,

Other social, economic or political drivers

Likely link— assessment by LAs

climate disaster


Small network


Social consensus


Low cost


Local action only

Near term

Managed resource

Consistent with poverty reduction

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