Capital costs (US$/km) for selected coastal management options in New Zealand (Jenks et al., 2005)

Sand dune replanting, with community input (maintenance costs minimal)

6,ooo - 24,ooo

Dune restoration, including education programmes (maintenance costs minimal)

i5,ooo - 35,ooo

Dune reshaping and replanting (maintenance costs minimal)

5o,ooo - 3oo,ooo

Sea walls and revetments (maintenance costs high - full rebuild every 20 - 40 years)

9oo,ooo - i.3 million

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