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Sub-Antarctic Marion Islands: Ecosystem

• Changes will directly affect the indigenous biota. An even greater threat is that a warmer climate will increase the ease with which the islands can be invaded by alien species.

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Five islands in the Mediterranean Sea: Ecosystems

• Climate change impacts are negligible in many simulated marine ecosystems.

• Invasion into island ecosystems becomes an increasing problem. In the longer term, ecosystems will be dominated by exotic plants irrespective of disturbance rates.

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