Crosschapter case studies

Cross-chapter case study citation:

These cross-chapter case studies collect together material from the chapters of the underlying report. A roadmap showing the location of this material is provided in the Introduction to the report. When referencing partial material from within a specific case study, please cite the chapter in which it originally appears. When referencing a whole case study, please cite as:

Parry, M.L., O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds., 2007: Cross-chapter case study. In: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 843-868.

Table of Contents

C1 The impact of the European 2003

heatwave 845

C1.1 Scene-setting and overview 845

C1.1.1 The European heatwave of 2003 845

C1.2 Impacts on sectors 845

C1.2.1 Ecological impacts of the European heatwave 2003 845

C1.2.2 European heatwave impact on the agricultural sector 846

C1.2.3 Industry, settlement and society: impacts of the 2003 heatwave in Europe 846

C1.2.4 The European heatwave 2003: health impacts and adaptation 846

References 847

C2 Impacts of climate change on coral reefs 850

C2.1 Present-day changes in coral reefs 850

C2.1.1 Observed changes in coral reefs 850

C2.1.2 Environmental thresholds and observed coral bleaching 850

C2.2 Future impacts on coral reefs 851

C2.2.1 Are coral reefs endangered by climate change? 851

C2.2.2 Impacts on coral reefs 852

C2.2.3 Climate change and the Great Barrier Reef 853

C2.2.4 Impact of coral mortality on reef fisheries 854

C2.3 Multiple stresses on coral reefs 854

C2.3.1 Non-climate-change threats to coral reefs of small islands 854

References 855

C.3 Megadeltas: their vulnerabilities to climate change 858

C3.1 Introduction 858

C3.1.1 Deltas and megadeltas: hotspots for vulnerability 858

C3.2 Megadeltas in Asia 859

C3.2.1 Megadeltas in Asia 859

C3.2.2 Climate change and the fisheries of the lower lower Mekong: an example of multiple stresses on a megadelta fisheries system due to human activity 859

C3.3 Megadeltas in the Arctic 859

C3.3.1 Arctic megadeltas 859

C3.4 Case study of Hurricane Katrina 861

C3.4.1 Hurricane Katrina and coastal ecosystem services in the Mississippi delta 861

C3.4.2 Vulnerabilities to extreme weather events in megadeltas in the context of multiple stresses: the case of Hurricane Katrina 861

References 862

C.4 Indigenous knowledge for adaptation to climate change 864

C4.1 Overview 864

C4.1.1 Role of local and indigenous knowledge in adaptation and sustainability research 864

C4.2 Case studies 864

C4.2.1 Adaptation capacity of the South American highlands'pre-Colombian communities 864

C4.2.2 African indigenous knowledge systems 865

C4.2.3 Traditional knowledge for adaptation among Arctic peoples 866

C4.2.4 Adaptation to health impacts of climate change among indigenous populations 866

References 867

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