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[CO2] Concentration of carbon dioxide

AAO Antarctic Oscillation

ABM Agent-based models

AC Air-conditioning

ACIA Arctic Climate Impact Assessment

AEJ African Easterly Jet

AEZ Agro-ecological zone

AGCM Atmospheric General Circulation Model

AGO Australian Greenhouse Office

AIACC Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to

Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors

AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AO Arctic Oscillation

AOGCM Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation


APF Adaptation Policy Framework

AR4 Fourth Assessment Report

Aus Australia

AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution


BAU Business-as-usual scenario

BSATs Brazilian semi-arid tropics

CAA Canadian Arctic archipelago

CAPRADE Comité Andino para la Prevención y

Atención de Desastres (Andean Committee for Disaster Prevention and Assistance) CBA Cost-benefit analysis

CBD Convention on Biological Diversity

CC Climate change

CCAMLR Commission for the Conservation of

Antarctic Marine Living Resources CCD (United Nations) Convention to Combat


CCIAV Climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability CCN Cloud condensation nuclei

CDF Conditional damage function

CDM Clean Development Mechanism

CEE Central and Eastern Europe

CFP Common Fisheries Policy

CGE Computable general equilibrium (model)

CIESIN Center for International Earth Science

Information Network CITES Convention on International Trade in

Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna

CMAQ Community multiscale air quality (model)

COP Conference of the Parties (to the


CPPS Comisión Permanente del Pacífico Sur

(Permanent Commission of the South Pacific)

CRID Centro Regional de Información sobre

Desastres (Regional Disaster Information Centre - Latin America and the Caribbean) CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial

Research Organisation

DAC Development Assistance Committee

DAI Dangerous anthropogenic interference

DALY Disability adjusted life year

DDC Data Distribution Centre (of the IPCC)

Defra Department for Environment, Food and

Rural Affairs (of the UK Government)

DGVM Dynamic global vegetation model

DIC Dissolved inorganic carbon

DJF December, January, February

DMS Dimethyl sulphide

DOC Dissolved organic carbon

DPSIR Drivers-pressures-state-impacts-response

DWC Dialogue on Water and Climate

ECCP European Climate Change Programme

ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean EF Ecological footprint

EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

EMIC Earth-system model of intermediate complexity

ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

EPOC Environment Policy Committee

EPPA Anthropogenic emission prediction and policy analysis

EPPA-HHL The EPPA high-emissions scenario

EPPA-LLH The EPPA low-emissions scenario

ET Evapotranspiration

EU European Union

EU15 The 15 countries in the European Union before the expansion on 1 May 2004 EU25 The 25 countries in the European Union after the expansion on 1 May 2004, but prior to 1 January 2007 EWS Early-warning systems

FACE Free-air carbon dioxide enrichment

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization

FFF Food, fibre and forestry

FFFF Food, fibre, forestry and fishery

GBR Great Barrier Reef

GCM General Circulation Model

GDP Gross domestic product

GEF Global Environment Facility

GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems

GHG Greenhouse gas(es)

GIMMS Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies

GIS Geographic information system

GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies

GLOF Glacial lake outburst flood

GMAT Global mean annual temperature

GMT Global mean temperature

GNP Gross national product

GPP Gross primary production

GPS Global Positioning System

GWP Global Water Partnership

HABs Harmful algal blooms

HANPP Human appropriation of net primary productivity

HIV Human immunodeficiency virus

HPS Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

HYV High-yield varieties

IAM Integrated assessment model

IAS Invasive alien species

ICLIPS Integrated Assessment of Climate

Protection Strategies ICM Integrated coastal management

ICZM Integrated coastal zone management

IFRCRC International Federation of Red Cross and

Red Crescent Societies IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere


IHDP International Human Dimensions


IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems


INAP Integrated National Pilot Adaptation Plan

IOCARIBE-GOOS Intergovernmental Oceanographic

Commission Regional Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Global Ocean Observing System IOD Indian Ocean Dipole

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate


IPO Inter-decadal Pacific Oscillation

IRRI International Rice Research Institute

ITCZ Intertropical Convergence Zone

ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization

IUCN International Union for the Conservation of

Nature and Natural Resources (World Conservation Union)

JFM January, February, March

JJA June, July, August

LA Latin America

LAI Leaf-area index

LBA Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere (experiment)

LDC Less/Least Developed Countries

LGA Local government authority (Chapter 11)

LGM Last Glacial Maximum

LGP Length of growing period

LIA Little Ice Age

LPJ Lund-Potsdam-Jena (model)

LULUCF Land use, land-use change and forestry

M&E Monitoring and evaluation

MA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

MACC Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate

Change in the Caribbean

MAMJ March, April, May, June

MARA/ARMA Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa/Atlas du

Risque de la Malaria en Afrique

MASL Metres above sea level

MDB Murray-Darling Basin

MDGs Millennium Development Goals

MEA Multilateral environmental agreement

MER Market exchange rates

MJO Madden-Julian Oscillation

MOC Meridional overturning circulation

MTE Mediterranean-type ecosystems

NAH North Atlantic Sub-tropical High

NAO North Atlantic Oscillation

NAPA National Adaptation Programme of Action

NBP Net biome productivity

NC National Communication

NCAR PCM National Center for Atmospheric Research

Parallel Climate Model

NDVI Normalised Difference Vegetation Index

NEP Net ecosystem productivity

NEPAD New Partnership for Africa's Development

NGO Non-governmental organisation

NHT Northern Hemisphere temperature

NPP Net primary productivity

NSW New South Wales

NT Northern Territory

NTFP Non-timber forest products

NWMP National Water Management Plan

NZ New Zealand

ODA Official Development Assistance

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OND October, November, December

PAHO Pan-American Health Organization

PAL Pathfinder AVHRR Land

PDF Probability density function

PDI Power dissipation index

PDO Pacific Decadal Oscillation

PDSI Palmer Drought Severity Index

P-E Precipitation-evaporation

PEAC Pacific ENSO Applications Center

PFT Plant functional types

PIA Participatory integrated assessment

PI-GCOS Pacific Islands Global Climate Observing System

P-IND Pre-industrial

PM Particulate matter ppb Parts per billion ppm Parts per million

PPP Purchasing power parity

PRA Participatory rural appraisal

Qld Queensland

RCM Regional Climate Model

RRA Rapid rural appraisal

RSLR Relative sea-level rise

SACZ South Atlantic Convergence Zone

SAP Structural adjustment programme

SAS Storyline and simulation

SBW Spruce bud worm

SCAPE Soft Cliff and Platform Erosion (model)

SD Statistical downscaling

SDSM Statistical downscaling model

SEAFRAME Sea-level fine resolution acoustic measuring equipment

SIDS Small Island Developing States

SLR Sea-level rise

SM Supplementary material

SoCAB South Coast Air Basin (California)

SON September, October, November

SPCZ South Pacific Convergence Zone

SRES Special Report on Emissions Scenarios

SST Sea surface temperature

SWE Snow water equivalent

TAR Third Assessment Report (of the IPCC)

TBE Tick-borne encephalitis

TEJ Tropical Easterly Jet

TEK Traditional ecological knowledge

TGICA Task Group on Data and Scenario Support for Impact and Climate Analysis

THC Thermohaline circulation

TOGA Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere

TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment

TWA Tolerable windows approach

UHI Urban heat-island

UK United Kingdom

UKCIP United Kingdom Climate Impacts Programme

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on

Climate Change

US United States (of America)

USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency

UVR Ultraviolet radiation

VBD Vector-borne disease

VOC Volatile organic compound

WA Western Australia

WAIS West Antarctic ice sheet

WAMU West African Monetary Union

WBD Water-borne disease

WCRP World Climate Research Programme

WE Western Europe

WG Working Group (of the IPCC)

WHO World Health Organization

WMO World Meteorological Organization

WNV West Nile virus

WTO World Trade Organization

WWW World Weather Watch

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