Project Development Phase

Most land-based projects involve activities that conserve existing carbon stocks in a given land-use system or increase carbon stocks through implementation of project activities. Estimation and projection of carbon stocks and changes during the project development phase are made using one or a combination of the following approaches:

(i) Default values

(ii) Cross-sectional field studies

(iii) Modelling

The approaches in the project scenario refer to carbon stock estimates resulting from implementation of project activities.

(i) Approach based on default values The approach based on default values is most relevant at the project development phase. In the project scenario, project activities to be implemented to achieve project goals, such as carbon mitigation or forest conservation and roundwood production, are selected and described. These activities could include planting trees and improving practices related to harvest or grazing or soil conservation, which lead to conservation of carbon sinks or enhancement of carbon stocks. Default values for carbon stocks or rates of change available in literature for selected activities could be used. The steps to be adopted for ex ante calculation of changes in carbon stock in the project scenario are identical to those in the baseline scenario (Section 7.2.3.1):

• Select the project activities to be implemented, e.g. establishing plantations of eucalyptus or pine or other tree species or reclaiming grassland or conserving forests

• Identify local soil, rainfall and topography conditions

• Select the carbon pools and refer to literature or databases or other local project reports for default values for the selected land-use category and carbon pools

Use the steps given in Section 7.2.3.1 and project future carbon stocks to be used in the project proposal.

(ii) Approach based on cross-sectional studies The approach based on cross-sectional studies can be used during the project development phase to estimate future carbon gains for a given future project year. The approach is likely to provide more reliable estimates of carbon stocks than those provided by the default value-based approsach. The approach based on cross-sectional studies is described in detail in Section 7.2.3.2 and the key steps to be adopted are as follows:

Step 1: Select all the project activities considered for implementation in the project along with the species and management practices (e.g. natural regeneration through regulated grazing, planting eucalyptus at a density of 2,000 plants/ha with no fertilizer application or irrigation).

Step 2: Conduct a reconnaissance survey of the region or participatory rural appraisal (see Chapter 8 for the method) or refer to relevant land-based programmes implemented in the region. Collect all relevant information on the location, area brought under the activity, year of initiation and silvicultural practices adopted.

Step 3: Select locations with characteristics similar to the proposed project activity such as species planted, density, fertilizer application or irrigation, and mark them on a map showing the year in which the activity was implemented.

Step 4: Adopt the stratification, sampling, measurement and calculation procedures described in Chapters 10-13 for the selected carbon pools to estimate carbon stocks and growth rates.

Step 5: Estimate and project the gains in carbon stock to be achieved by implementing the proposed project activities using the area under each project activity and the rate of change in carbon pools obtained from cross-sectional studies.

(iii) Approach based on modelling Models are particularly relevant to make projections during the project development phase for the project activities. Adoption of models such as PRO-COMAP, CO2-FIX and CENTURY requires generation of input data for making the projections using default data or those obtained from cross-sectional studies. Select the model and adopt the steps given in Section 7.2.5 to make projections of carbon stock changes.

Project Management Made Easy

Project Management Made Easy

What you need to know about… Project Management Made Easy! Project management consists of more than just a large building project and can encompass small projects as well. No matter what the size of your project, you need to have some sort of project management. How you manage your project has everything to do with its outcome.

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