Literature Cited

Abril, G., M. Nogueira, H. Etcheber, G. Cabecadas, E. Lemaire, and M. J. Brogueira. 2002. Behaviour of organic carbon in nine contrasting European estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 54:241. Aitkenhead, J. A., and W. McDowell. 2000. Soil C:N as a predictor of annual riverine

DOC flux at local and global scales. GlobalBiogeochemical Cycles 14:127—138. Aumont, O., J. C. Orr, P. Monfray, W. Ludwig, P. Amiotte-Suchet, and J.-L. Probst. 2001. Riverine-driven interhemispheric transport of carbon. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15:393-406.

Bishop, A. N., A. T. Kearsley, and R. L. Patience. 1992. Analysis of sedimentary organic materials by scanning electron microscopy: The application of backscattered electron imagery and light element X-ray microanalysis. Organic Geochemistry 18:431-446. Clair, T. A., J. M. Ehrman, and K. Higuichi. 1999. Changes in freshwater carbon exports from Canadian terrestrial basins to lakes and estuaries under a 2xCO2 atmosphere scenario. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13:1091-1097. Cole, J. J., and N. F. Caraco. 2001. Carbon in catchments: Connecting terrestrial carbon losses with aquatic metabolism. Marine and Freshwater Research 52 (1): 101-110. Degens, E. T. 1982. Riverine carbon: An overview. In Transport of carbon and minerals in major world rivers, Part 1, edited by E. T. Degens. SCOPE/UNEP Sonderbd. Mitteilungen aus dem Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institut der Universität Hamburg 52, 1-12.

Degens, E. T., S. Kempe, and J. E. Richey. 1991. Biogeochemistry of major world rivers.

New York: John Wiley and Sons. Dunne, T., L. A. K. Mertes, R. H. Meade, J. E. Richey, and B. R. Forsberg. 1998. Exchanges of sediment between the flood plain and channel of the Amazon River in Brazil. Geology Society of America Bulletin 110 (4): 450-467. Gao, Q., Z. Tao, C. Shen, Y. Sun, W. Yi, and C. Xing. 2002. Riverine organic carbon in the Xijiang River (South China): Seasonal variation in content and flux budget. Environmental Geology 41:826. Hedges, J. I., and R. G. Keil. 1995. Sedimentary organic matter preservation: an assessment and speculative synthesis. Marine Chemistry 49:81 -115. Hedges, J. I., J. R. Ertel, P D. Quay, P. M. Grootes, J. E. Richey, A. H. Devol, G. W. Far-well, F. W. Schmitt, and E. Salati. 1986. Organic carbon-14 in the Amazon River system. Science 231:1129-1131. Hedges, J. I., P. G. Hatcher, J. R. Ertel, and K. J. Meyers-Schulte. 1992. A comparison of dissolved humic substances from seawater with Amazon River counterparts by 13C-NMR spectrometry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 56:1753-1757. Hedges, J. I., G. L. Cowie, J. E. Richey, P. D. Quay, R. Benner, and M. Strom. 1994. Origins and processing of organic matter in the Amazon River as indicated by carbohydrates and amino acids. Limnology and Oceangraphy 39 (4): 743-761.

Hedges, J. I., R. G. Keil, and R. Benner. 1997. What happens to land-derived organic matter in the ocean? Organic Geochemistry 27:195—212.

Ittekkot, V.1988. Global trends in the nature of organic matter in river suspensions. Nature 332:436-438.

Ittekkot, V., and B. Haake. 1990. The terrestrial link in the removal of organic carbon in the sea. Pp. 318-325 in Facets of modern biogeochemistry, edited by V. Ittekkot, S. Kempe, W. Michaelis, and A. Spitzy. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Ittekkot, V., and R. W. P. M. Laane. 1991. Fate of riverine particulate organic matter. Pp. 233-243 in Biogeochemistry of major world rivers, edited by E. T. Degens, S. Kempe, and J. E. Richey. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Jones, J. B., E. H. Stanley, and I! J. Mulholland. 2003. Long-term decline in carbon dioxide supersaturation in rivers across the contiguous United States. Geophysical Research Letters 30:2-1-2-4.

Kao, S. J., and K.-K. Liu. 2002. Exacerbation of erosion induced by human perturbation in a typical Oceania watershed: Insight from 45 years of hydrological records from the Lanyang-Hsi River, northeastern Taiwan. GlobalBiogeochemical Cycles 16:1-7.

Keil, R.G., D. B. Montluijon, F. G. Prahl, and J. I. Hedges. 1994. Sorptive preservation of labile organic matter in marine sediments. Nature 370:549-552.

Keil, R. G., L. M. Mayer, P. D. Quay, J. E. Richey, and J. I. Hedges. 1997. Losses of organic matter from riverine particles in deltas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61 (7): 1507-1511.

Likens, G., F. Mackenzie, J. Richey, J. Sedell, and K. Turekian, eds. 1981. Flux oforganic carbon by rivers to the oceans. National Research Council/DOE Conf-8009140. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy.

Ludwig, W. 2001. The age of river carbon. Nature 409:466-467.

Ludwig, W., J. L. Probst, and S. Kempe. 1996. Predicting the oceanic input of organic carbon by continental erosion. GlobalBiogochemical Cycles 10 (1): 23-41.

Mayer, L. M. 1994. Adsorptive control of organic carbon accumulation in continental shelf sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58:1271 -1284.

Meade, R. H., T. R. Yuzyk, and T. J. Day. 1990. Movement and storage of sediment in rivers of the United States and Canada. Pp. 255-280 in Surface water hydrology, edited by M. G. Wolman and H. C. Riggs. Boulder, CO: The Geology of North America, Geological Society of America.

Meybeck, M. 1982. Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus transport by world rivers. American Journal of Science 282:401 -425.

-. 1991. C, N, P, and S in rivers: From sources to global inputs. In Interactions of C,

N, P and S: Biogeochemical cycles, edited by R. Wollast, F. T. MacKenzie, and L. Chou. Berlin: Springer Verlag.

Milliman, J. D., and J. P. M. Syvitski. 1992. Geomorphic tectonic control of sediment discharge to the ocean: The importance of small mountainous rivers. Journal of Geology 100 (5): 525-544.

Milliman, J. D., K. L. Farnswortha, and C. S. Albertin. 1999. Flux and fate of fluvial sediments leaving large islands in the East Indies. Journal of Sea Research 41:97-107.

Raymond, P. A., and J. E. Bauer. 2001. Riverine export of aged terrestrial organic matter to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature 409:497-500.

Raymond, P. A., and J. J. Cole. 2003. Increase in the export of alkalinity from North America's largest river. Science 301:88-91.

Richey, J. E., J. I. Hedges, A. H. Devol, P. D. Quay, R. Victoria, L. Martinelli, and B. R. Forsberg. 1990. Biogeochemistry of carbon in the Amazon River. Limnology and Oceanography 35:352—371.

Richey, J. E., J. M. Melack, A. A. K. Aufdenkampe, V. M. Ballester, and L. Hess. 2002. Outgassing from Amazonian rivers and wetlands as a large tropical source of atmospheric CO2. Nature 416:617-620.

Sarmiento, J. L., and E. T. Sundquist. 1992. Revised budget for the oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon-dioxide. Nature 356 (6370): 589-593.

Schlesinger, W. H., and J. M. Melack. 1981. Transport of organic carbon in the world's rivers. Tellus 33:172-187.

Smith, S. V., W. H. Renwick, R. W. Buddemeier, and C. J. Crossland. 2001. Budgets of soil erosion and deposition for sediments and sedimentary organic carbon across the conterminous United States. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15 (3): 697-707.

Stallard, R. F. 1998. Terrestrial sedimentation and the carbon cycle: Coupling weathering and erosion to carbon burial. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 12:231-257.

Ver, L. M., F. T. Mackenzie, and A. Lerman. 1999. Biogeochemical responses of the carbon cycle to natural and human perturbations: Past, present and future. American Journal of Science 299:762-801.

Vorosmarty, C. J., K. Sharma, B. Fekete, A. H. Copeland, J. Holden, J. Marble, and J. A. Lough. 1997. The storage and aging of continental runoff in large reservoir systems of the world. Ambio 26:210-219.

Vorosmarty, C. J., M. Meybeck, B. Fekete, K. Sharma, P Green, and J. Syvitski. 2003. Anthropogenic sediment retention: Major global impact from registered river impoundments. Global and Planetary Change 39:169-190.

World Commission on Dams. 2000. Dams and development: A new framework for decision-making. London: Earthscan.

0 0

Post a comment