The very able Scientific Steering Committee for the rapid assessment project (RAP) on the carbon cycle included Niki Gruber, Jingyun Fan, Inez Fung, Jerry Melillo, Rich Richels, Chris Sabine, Riccardo Valentini, and Reynaldo Victoria. Reynaldo was a superb local host, spreading the resources of Brazil before the meeting participants. The laboratory Reynaldo directs, the Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA), provided a wealth of institutional support, including able assistance from Daniel Victoria, Vicki Ballaster, and Alex Krusche. Technical support from the Inter-American Institute (IAI) was invaluable, with Luis Marcelo Achite helping to keep the meeting on track. Without Luiz Martinelli's contributions as beach patrol agent, the meeting's sessions would have never reached a quorum. Jan Brown was a dedicated and efficient volunteer editor. The SCOPE editorial team, John Stewart (editor in chief) and Susan Greenwood Etienne, crafted a smooth transition from meeting mode to book mode. The Island Press editorial team, including Todd Baldwin, James Nuzum, David Peattie, and Heidi Fritschel, was efficient and professional. VĂ©ronique Plocq-Fichelet, the executive director of SCOPE, and Pep Canadell, the project officer for the Global Carbon Project, both opened many doors by making this RAP a priority.

The RAP for the carbon cycle was supported by funds from the A. W. Mellon Foundation, the National Science Foundation (USA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (USA), the National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan), and the European Union. Additional travel funds came from the Electric Power Research Institute. Thanks to Yoshiki Yamagata for help with funding from the National Institute for Environmental Studies and to Riccardo Valentini for help with funding from the European Union.

Critical support for the RAP concept came from the International Council for Science (ICSU), the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF). Jerry Melillo developed the RAP concept and assembled the resources to get it started.

The city of Ubatuba, Brazil, provided a stimulating and enjoyable venue for developing the ideas discussed in this volume. The Carnegie Institution of Washington and xxin the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) generously provided the time to let us steer this project.

Finally, it is a privilege to work with and share the excitement of scientific discovery with the community of carbon cycle researchers. Their dedication and insight help lay the foundations for a sustainable future.

Chris Field Mike Raupach

Stanford, California, USA Canberra, Australia

October 2003

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