About SCOPE

The Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) was established by the International Council for Science (ICSU) in 1969. It brings together natural and social scientists to identify emerging or potential environmental issues and to address jointly the nature and solution of environmental problems on a global basis. Operating at an interface between the science and decision-making sectors, SCOPE's interdisciplinary and critical focus on available knowledge provides analytical and practical tools to promote further research and more sustainable management of the Earth's resources. SCOPE's members, forty national science academies and research councils and twenty-two international scientific unions, committees, and societies, guide and develop its scientific program.

The Global Carbon Cycle

The Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE)

SCOPE Series

SCOPE 1—59 in the series were published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., U.K. Island Press is the publisher for SCOPE 60 as well as subsequent titles in the series.

SCOPE 60: Resilience and the Behavior of Large-Scale Systems, edited by Lance H. Gunderson and Lowell Pritchard Jr.

SCOPE 61: Interactions of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles: Global Change and Human Impacts, edited by Jerry M. Melillo, Christopher B. Field, and Bedrich Moldan

SCOPE 62: The Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World, edited by Christopher B. Field and Michael R. Raupach

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The Global Carbon Cycle

Integrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World

Edited by Christopher B. Field and Michael R. Raupach

A project of SCOPE, the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, of the International Council for Science

ISLAND PRESS

Copyright © 2004 Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE)

All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means without permission in writing from the publisher: Island Press, 1718 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20009

Permission requests to reproduce portions of this book should be addressed to SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, 51 Boulevard de Montmorency, 75016 Paris, France).

Inquiries regarding licensing publication rights to this book as a whole should be addressed to Island Press (1718 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20009, USA).

ISLAND PRESS is a trademark of The Center for Resource Economics.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

The global carbon cycle : integrating humans, climate, and the natural world / edited by Christopher B. Field and Michael R. Raupach.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 1-55963-526-6 (cloth : alk. paper) -- ISBN 1-55963-527-4 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Atmospheric carbon dioxide. 2. Carbon cycle (Biogeochemistry) 3. Greenhouse gas mitigation. 4. Nature — Effect of human beings on. I. Field, Christopher B. II. Raupach, M. R. III. SCOPE report ; 62

QC879.8.G55 2004

363.738'746 — dc22 2003024792

British Cataloguing-in-Publication data available. Printed on recycled, acid-free paper

Manufactured in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

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