The Recent Present Climate of the Arctic

Compared to the climate variability of the distant past, present changes appear to be of a different quality. Firstly, the rate of change of climate parameters (less so their magnitude) seen today seems extremely high and is the underlying cause of major disturbances of natural and human systems. Secondly, while previous climate variability was entirely caused by shifts and feedback within the global climate system, the present development is apparently influenced by anthropogenic factors and is therefore called climate change (see above). Before addressing anthropogenic forcing of climate development, we will briefly examine some of the indicators of climate change in the Arctic.

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