Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC httpwwwipccchindexhtml

Recognizing the problem of potential global climate change, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) established IPCC in 1988. The role of IPCC is to assess the scientific, technical, and socioeconomic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change (see Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)). IPCC bases its assessment mainly on published and peer-reviewed scientific technical literature; it does not carry out new research nor does it monitor climate-related data.

IPCC provides scientific, technical, and socioeconomic advice to the world community, and in particular to the 170-plus Parties to the UNFCCC, through its periodic assessment reports on the state of knowledge of causes of climate change, its potential impacts, and options for response strategies. IPCC completed its First Assessment Report in 1990, which provided an overall policy framework for addressing the climate change issue. It played an important role in establishing the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), adopted in 1992 and entered into force in 1994, by the UN General Assembly. Its Second Assessment Report in 1995 provided key input to the negotiations, which led to the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC in 1997. The Third Assessment Report, finalized in 2001, concentrates on new findings since 1995, and highlights regional (in addition to the global)-scale models.

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