Iceland is an economic development success story. A population of less than 300,000 persons has managed to develop as one of the richest states of the world in a full employment economy during 50 years. The main reason is the extremely high educational level and common goals and visions. During the first half of the period, Iceland was totally dependent on fisheries, especially herring and, later, cod. Iceland has successfully developed thermal heating systems and has concentrated most of the population in Reykjavik, giving the base for development of a diversified economy favored by low energy costs. By having its own control over shipping (Eimship) and air transportation (Iceland Air), Iceland has been able to set transportation prices, to deliver and to receive goods and passengers from all over the world, and to develop tourism.

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