The Greenlandic economy is based half on the catches of prawns and halibut and half on income transfer from the Danish state. The average disposable income level has become close to the Danish level via high economic average growth rates since 1950, but the relative economic dependency to income transfer from the Danish state has not diminished. The economy needs diversification, but although it has been a main strategic goal in the last 10-15 years (targeting mining, secondary production, and tourism), it has not been realized. Among the main reasons for this are inappropriate management of transportation systems and lack of coherent economic planning. The Greenlanders (Inuit) are the majority living in Greenland; only 12% of the population come from Denmark and other countries. Greenlanders are among the indigenous peoples that have achieved the highest living standard in the world.

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