Freshwater Hydrology

The freshwater hydrology of the Arctic plays a key role in regulating global heat balance and ocean circulation. For example, the salinity stratification of the Arctic Ocean and ice cover provide a control on the surface heat and mass budgets of the northern polar region. Arctic freshwater hydrology is characterized by a strong seasonality, including freezing and thawing of fresh water. The short, intense spring snow and ice melt causes seasonal freshwater excess that must be routed through soils and stream channels overland. Eventually, a large amount of fresh water flows into the polar rivers, providing water to Arctic plants and ecosystems since permafrost prevents surface water from draining. Land surface freshwater budgets can be controlled by the changes in total water storage, which is equal to the sum of precipitation, evaporation, and river runoff. Most Arctic regions have a net surplus of fresh water from the hydrologic cycle, which ultimately flows into the Arctic Ocean.

Tube Jacker

Tube Jacker

Download Tube Jacker And Discover Everything You Need To Know About Jacking Unlimited Traffic From The Video Giant. The drop dead easy way to create winning video campaigns that will FLOOD your website with unstoppable FREE traffic, all on complete and total autopilot. How to exploit a sneaky method of boosting exposure and getting your videos to the top of Google within 72 hours, guaranteed.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment