Under Greenland's 1979 Home Rule Act, the Greenlandic government assumed responsibility for education and culture, public health, housing, management of natural and renewable resources, transportation, public works, and environmental protection. Denmark retained responsibility for national defense and foreign relations.
On January 1, 1980, the Home Rule government assumed control of primary school education, evening school classes, the Teacher Training College, the Social Pedagogue School, the Educational Association, the Church, the Greenland Broadcasting Corporation, and the Southern Greenland Publishing Company. On June 1 of the same year, Greenland's Teacher Training College (Ilinniarfissuaq) graduated more Native-born Greenlanders than in any previous year since the founding of the college in 1841. The University of Greenland (Ilisimatusarfik) was established in 1984 and presently offers degree courses in Inuit studies, theology, social and cultural studies, and administration, with a focus on providing the Home Rule government with graduates trained for careers in civil service.
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