Diamond Mining

For several thousand years, diamonds were extracted in only one country—India. Much later, diamonds were found in Indonesia, Brazil, Australia, Africa, North America, Russia, and China. In the 20th century, diamonds were found in the Arctic and Subarctic territories of the Russian Federation in the Ural Mountains, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Arkhangel'sk region, and in North America in the Canadian provinces of Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, and Northwest Territories. These are all in the oldest areas of Precambrian stable blocks, where mantle-derived kimberlite now outcrops.

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