Biography

Boris Osipovich Dolgikh was born on April 18, 1904 in Riga, Latvia, where he spent his childhood. Later his family moved to Samara, Russia, where he entered the local university in 1920. Samara University, however, closed less than a year after Dolgikh had been admitted. Reluctantly, he attended a local technical school and, in 1925 decided to go to Moscow. Although he failed the entrance exams to Moscow State University, he remained in the city and audited courses at the university. In 1926-1927, he took part in the Polar Census, which led him north along the Yenisey River all the way to the Taymyr Peninsula. After his return to Moscow, Dolgikh was able to enroll as a regular student, and published his first article in 1929. During the same year, however, Dolgikh was arrested and exiled to Siberia for four years. He spent his years of exile along the Lena River and, since he was not allowed to return to Moscow, settled in Irkutsk after the four years were over. There he worked at the local museum, published his first monograph on the Ket, and undertook another two-year field trip to the Taymyr Peninsula and to the land of the Evenk. Later he moved to Krasnoyarsk, where he conducted another expedition to the Far North. During World War II, Dolgikh came into contact with Sergei P. Tolstov, the future director of the Institute of Ethnography in Moscow. Tolstov subsequently enabled Dolgikh's return to Moscow in 1944, where the latter entered the Ph.D. program at the Institute. After defending his dissertation in 1947, Dolgikh became a staff member in 1948 and remained a member of the Institute until his death on December 31, 1971.

Peter P. Schweitzer

Further Reading

"Boris Osipovich Dolgikh." Sovetskaia etnografiia, 2 (1972): 176-179

Dolgikh, Boris O., Rodovoi i plemennoi sostav narodov Sibiri v XVII veke [The Clan and Tribal Composition of the Peoples of Siberia in the Seventeenth Century], Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1960

-, (editor), Sovremennoe khoziaistvo, kul'tura i byt malykh narodov Severa [Contemporary Economy, Culture, and Way of Life of the Small Peoples of the North], Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1960 ———, "Problems in the ethnography and physical anthropology of the Arctic." Arctic Anthropology, 3(1) (1965): 1-9 ———, "The formation of the modern peoples of the Soviet

North." Arctic Anthropology, 9(1) (1972): 17-26 Dolgikh, Boris O. & M.G. Levin, "Transition from Kinship to Territorial Relationships in the History of the Peoples of Northern Siberia." In Studies in Siberian Ethnogenesis, edited by H.N. Michael, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962 Gurvich, Il'ya S. & Boris O. Dolgikh (editors), Obshchestvennyi stroi u narodov Severnoi Sibiri (XVII-nachalo XX v) [The Social System among the Peoples of North Siberia], Moscow: Nauka, 1970 Vainshtein, S.I., "Boris Osipovich Dolgikh: dni i deianiia pod-vizhnicheskoi zhizni" [Boris Osipovich Dolgikh: Days and Acts of an Active Life], Etnograficheskoe obozrenie, 1 (1992): 119-129 ———, "Sud'ba Borisa Osipovicha Dolgikh - cheloveka, grazhdanina, uchenogo" [The Fate of Boris Osipovich Dolgikh: The Man, the Citizen, and the Scholar]. In Repressirovannye etnografy, edited by D.D. Tumarkin, Moscow: Vostochnaia literatura RAN, 1999

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