Biography

Nikolay Nikolayevich Dikov was born in the town of Sumy, Ukraine, on March 17, 1925, to a priest's family. In the early 1930s, his parents died during the famine, and he was raised by his aunt in Leningrad. During World War II, Dikov lived in besieged Leningrad, where he finished high school. In 1942, he was evacuated to Novosibisrk Oblast', Siberia.

After his military service, he entered the Department of History, Moscow State University, but later transferred to Leningrad University and majored in archaeology. As an undergraduate student, Dikov took part in archaeological expeditions led by such prominent scholars as A.P. Okladnikov, B.B. Piotrovsky, and M.E. Masson. He also studied the Hermitage archaeological collections from northeast Asia. When he entered the Leningrad University graduate school, he started to carry out research in Transbaikal. In 1953, he successfully presented his candidate dissertation at Leningrad State University, and for the next two years worked at the Department of Archaeology of the Institute of History, Philosophy, and Philology, USSR Academy of Science Siberian Branch in Novosibirsk.

From 1956 onward, Dikov conducted research in the northeast of Asia in Chukotka, Kamchatka, and Kolyma. From 1962 till 1980, his wife, Tamara Mitrofanovna Dikova (1933-1981), participated in his expeditions. She also carried out independent investigations of ancient cultures of Kamchatka. They have a son.

From 1958 till 1973, Dikov was the scientific editor of Notes of Chukotka Local Museum, comprising works on archaeology, history, and ethnography of peoples of Chukotka. From 1960 to 1995, he headed the Laboratory of History, Archaeology, and Ethnography at the first northeastern Interdisciplinary Research Institute in Magadan.

Dikov participated in numerous international congresses and conferences. His works were published in many countries. Two of his monographs were published in the USA (1998,1999). In 1979, he was elected the Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Science. He headed the local branch of the Society for Monuments Protection in Magadan. Dikov was the author of nine monographs and over 170 papers. He was an editor of dozens of monographs, including such generalizing works as Essays of Chukotka History From Ancient Times to Nowadays (1974), History of Chukotka (1989), and others. Under his supervision, six scholars prepared dissertations and acquired their advanced degrees. N.N. Dikov died of a stroke in 1996, at the age of 71.

Sergei Slobodin

See also Chukchi Autonomous Okrug (Chukotka); Old Bering Sea Culture; Second Kamchatka Expedition

Further Reading

Ackerman, R.E., "Prehistory of the Asian Eskimo Zone." In Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 5, Arctic, Washington, District of Columbia: Smithsonian Institution, 1984, pp. 106-118 Dikov, Nikolai, "The Stone Age in Kamchatka and Chukotka in the light of the latest archaeological discoveries." Arctic Anthropology, 3(1) (1965): 10-25

-, Naskal'niye zagadki Drevney Chukotki: Petroglify

Pegtymelya [Mysteries in the Rocks of Ancient Chukotka: Petroglyphs of Pegtymel'], Moscow: Nauka, 1971

- (editor), Essays of Chukotka History from Ancient

Times to Nowadays [Ocherki istorii Chukotki s drevneishih vremen do nashih dnei], Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1974

-, Chini Cemetery (on the History of the Sea-Hunters of the Bering Strait) [Chiniiskii mogil'nik (k istorii morskih zveroboev Beringova proliva], Nauka: Novosibirsk, 1974

-, Arkheologicheskiye pamyatniki Kamchatki, Chukotki i

Verkhney Kolymy [Archeological Monuments in Kamchatka, Chukotka and the Upper Reaches of the Kolyma], Moscow: Nauka, 1977

-, Drevniye kul'tury Severovostochnoy Azii [Ancient cultures of Northeastern Asia], Moskow: Nauka, 1979

-, "The oldest sea mammal hunters of Wrangell Island."

Arctic Anthropology, 25(1) (1988): 80-93

-, Aziya na styke s Amerikoy v drevnosti: Kamenny vek

Chukotskogo poluostrova [Asia at the joint with America: Stone Age on the Chukchi Peninsula], St Petersburg: Nauka, 1993

-, "The Paleolithic of Kamchatka and Chukotka and the

Problem of the Peopling of America." In Anthropology of the North Pacific Rim, edited by William W. Fitzhigh & Valerie Chaussonnet, Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994

-, Asia at the Juncture with America in Antiquity (The

Stone Age of the Chukchi Peninsula), translated by Richard L. Bland, Anchorage: NPS, 1997

-, Mysteries in the Rocks of Ancient Chukotka

(Petroglyphs of Pegtymel'), translated by Richard L. Bland, Anchorage: NPS, 1999 Goebel T.E. & S.B. Slobodin,"The Colonization of Western Beringia: Technology, Ecology, and Adaptations." In Ace Age peoples of North America, edited by R. Bonnichson & K.L. Turnmire, Oregon: Oregon University, 1999, pp. 104-155

Kiryak, M.A., Arkheologiya Zapadnoy Chukotki v svyazi s yuk-agirskoy problemoy [Archaeology of West Chukotka in connection with the Yukagir Problem], Moscow: Nauka, 1993 (in Russian)

Larichev, V., U. Khol'ushkin & I. Laricheva, "The Upper Paleolithic of Northern Asia: achievements, problems, and perspectives. III. Northeastern Siberia and the Russian Far East." Journal of World Prehistory, 6(4) (1992): 441-476 Mochanov, Yu.A., Drevneyshiye etapy zaseleniya chelovekom Severo-Vostochnoy Azii [The Earliest Stages of Settlement by Man of Northeastern Asia], Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1977 (in Russian)

Powers, R.W., "Paleolithic man in Northeast Asia." Arctic Anthropology, 10(2) (1973): 1-106

-, "The peoples of Eastern Beringia." Prehistoric

Mongoloid Dispersals (University of Tokyo, Japan), 7 (1990):53-74

Slobodin, S., "Northeast Asia in the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene." In World Archaeology, Volume 30, No. 2, edited by P. Rowley-Conwy, London: Routledge, 1999, pp.251-266

-, "Western Beringia at the End of the Ice Age." Arctic

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