Nikolay Nikolayevich Dikov was born in the town of Sumy, Ukraine, on March 17, 1925, to a priest's family. In the early 1930s, his parents died during the famine, and he was raised by his aunt in Leningrad. During World War II, Dikov lived in besieged Leningrad, where he finished high school. In 1942, he was evacuated to Novosibisrk Oblast', Siberia.
After his military service, he entered the Department of History, Moscow State University, but later transferred to Leningrad University and majored in archaeology. As an undergraduate student, Dikov took part in archaeological expeditions led by such prominent scholars as A.P. Okladnikov, B.B. Piotrovsky, and M.E. Masson. He also studied the Hermitage archaeological collections from northeast Asia. When he entered the Leningrad University graduate school, he started to carry out research in Transbaikal. In 1953, he successfully presented his candidate dissertation at Leningrad State University, and for the next two years worked at the Department of Archaeology of the Institute of History, Philosophy, and Philology, USSR Academy of Science Siberian Branch in Novosibirsk.
From 1956 onward, Dikov conducted research in the northeast of Asia in Chukotka, Kamchatka, and Kolyma. From 1962 till 1980, his wife, Tamara Mitrofanovna Dikova (1933-1981), participated in his expeditions. She also carried out independent investigations of ancient cultures of Kamchatka. They have a son.
From 1958 till 1973, Dikov was the scientific editor of Notes of Chukotka Local Museum, comprising works on archaeology, history, and ethnography of peoples of Chukotka. From 1960 to 1995, he headed the Laboratory of History, Archaeology, and Ethnography at the first northeastern Interdisciplinary Research Institute in Magadan.
Dikov participated in numerous international congresses and conferences. His works were published in many countries. Two of his monographs were published in the USA (1998,1999). In 1979, he was elected the Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Science. He headed the local branch of the Society for Monuments Protection in Magadan. Dikov was the author of nine monographs and over 170 papers. He was an editor of dozens of monographs, including such generalizing works as Essays of Chukotka History From Ancient Times to Nowadays (1974), History of Chukotka (1989), and others. Under his supervision, six scholars prepared dissertations and acquired their advanced degrees. N.N. Dikov died of a stroke in 1996, at the age of 71.
See also Chukchi Autonomous Okrug (Chukotka); Old Bering Sea Culture; Second Kamchatka Expedition
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