Biography

Marie Antonina Czaplicka was born Marya Antonina Czaplicka in Warsaw, then a Russian dependency, on October 25, 1884. Her parents, Felix L. Czaplicki and Sophie Zawisza, had at least two other daughters. Her career as an anthropologist began when a 1910 award from the Mianowski Institute in Warsaw, Poland, enabled her to continue her education in England. Studying with C.G. Seligman at London and then with Oxford's R.R. Marett, she became one of the first recipients of the new Oxford diploma in anthropology. Library research for her groundbreaking Aboriginal Siberia (1914) was quickly followed by a year's field-work among Evenki and other nomadic herders in Siberia's central Arctic. Afterward she lectured at various universities, including Oxford and Bristol, and published numerous papers and two additional books. Czaplicka never married. She died at Bristol, presumably by her own hand, on May 27, 1921.

Barnett Richling

See also Dolgan; Evenki; Iokhel'son, Vladimir Il'ich; Nenets; Pilsudski, Bronislaw Piotr; Shtern-berg, Lev Yakovlevich; Tungus

Further Reading

Collins, David, "Introduction." In The Collected Works of M.A. Czaplicka, Volume 1, Collected Articles and Letters, edited by David Collins, Surrey: Curzon Press, 1999 Collins, David & James, Urry,"A flame too intense for mortal body to support." Anthropology Today, 13 (December 1997): 18-20

Czaplicka, M.A., Aboriginal Siberia: A Study in Social Anthropology, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1914

-, My Siberian Year, London: Mills and Boon, 1916

-, "On the track of the Tungus," Scottish Geographical

Magazine, 33 (1971) Czaplicka, M.A., The Collected Works of M.A. Czaplicka, Volume 1, Collected Articles and Letters, edited by David Collins, Surrey: Curzon Press, 1999

-, "The Siberian expedition." The Museum Journal, 7

-, "A Siberian wilderness: native life on the lower

Yenisei." The Geographical Review, 5 (January 1918): 1-21

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