Sergei Arutyunov was born on July 1, 1932, in Tbilisi (Republic of Georgia). He graduated from the Moscow Institute of Orientology in 1954 with a master's degree in Japanese literature and history. He subsequently began his doctoral research on Japanese archaeology in Moscow's Institute of Ethnology, the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, where he assumed the position of research fellow the same year. Arutyunov received his Ph.D. from the Institute of Archaeology, Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1962. His dissertation was entitled "Ancient Northeastern Asiatic and Ainu Components in the Ethnogenesis of the Japanese." He has been a full professor at Moscow State University since 1986 and was elected as a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1990. In addition to his doctoral research on ancient Asiatic and Ainu archaeology in Japan, Arutyunov has studied the archaeology of the Russian Far North. Beginning in 1957, he participated in excavations carried out by archaeologist Maxim Levin on the Chukchi Peninsula. Since 1962, Arutyunov has served on the faculty of the Institute of Ethnography, Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow (renamed in 1990 the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology) and most recently as the head of the Caucasian department.

Mikhail Bronshtein

See also Chukchi; Ethnohistory; Old Bering Sea Culture; Yakutia

Further Reading

Arutyunov, Sergei, "Nekotorye itogi istoriko-etnologicheskikh i populjacionno-antropologicheskikh issledovanii na Chukotskom poluostrove" [Some results of ethnohistorical


and anthropological research on the Chukchi Peninsula]. In Na styke Chukotki i Aliaski [On the border between Chuchki Peninsula and Alaska], edited by V.P. Alekseev, T.I. Alexseeva & D.A. Sergeev, Moscow: Institut etnografii imeni N.N. Miklukho-Maklaia, 1983

-, U beregov Ledovitogo Okeana [At the shores of the

Arctic Ocean], Moscow: Russkii iazyk, 1984

-, Narody i kultury: razvitie i vzaimodeistvie [Peoples and cultures: their development and interaction], Moscow: Nauka, 1989

Arutyunov, Sergei & Regina Holloman (editors), Perspectives on Ethnicity, The Hague: Mouton and Chicago and Canada: Aldine, 1978

Arutyunov, Sergei & D.A. Sergeev, Drevnie kultury aziatskikh eskimosov (Uelenskii mogilnik) [Ancient cultures of Asiatic Eskimos (Uelen cemetery)], Moscow: Nauka, 1969

-, Problemy etnicheskoi istorii Beringomoriia (Ekvenskii mogilnik) [Questions of ethnohistory of the Bering Sea Area], Moscow: Nauka, 1975

-, "Nauchnye resultaty rabot na Ekvenskom drevneeski-

mosskom mogilnike (1970-1974)" [Scientific results of excavation ancient Eskimo Ekven Cemetery (1970-1974). In Na styke Chukotki i Aliaski [On the border between Chuchki Peninsula and Alaska], Moscow: Institut etnografii imeni N.N. Miklukho-Maklaia, 1983 Arutyunov, Sergei & V.G. Shcheben'kov, Drevneishii narod Iaponii: sud'by plemeni ainov [The most ancient people of Japan: The destiny of the Ainu tribe], Moscow: Nauka, 1992 Arutyunov, Sergei, A.V. Aleksandrov & D.L. Brodianskii, Paleometall Severo-Zapadnoi chasti Tikhogo Okeana [Paleometall of the North-Western Pacific], Vladivostok: Izd-vo DVGU, 1982 Arutyunov, Sergei, I.I. Krupnik & M.A. Chlenov, Kitovaia alleia. Drevnosti ostrovov proliva Seniavina [Whale Alley. Antiquities of Seniavin Strait Islands], Moscow: Nauka, 1982

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