Biography

Vladimir Bogoraz was born Natan Mendelevich Bogoraz in the small village of Ovruch, northwest of Kiev, Russia, in 1865. At the age of seven, he moved with his family to Taganrog in southern Russia. Through his elder sister, Bogoraz came into contact with the ideas of the revolutionary organizations Zemlya i volya ("Land and Freedom") and Narodnaya volya

("People's Freedom"). When he entered St Petersburg University in the fall of 1880, Bogoraz joined a secret student circle of narodniki (generally translated into English as "populists"). He was subsequently arrested, expelled from the university, and exiled to Rostov on the Don River. At the age of 20, he converted from Judaism to Russian Orthodoxy and changed his name to Vladimir Germanovich Bogoraz so as not to compromise his political underground activities. Another arrest in late 1886 led to 18 months of solitary confinement in the Peter and Paul fortress in St Petersburg and to a sentence of ten years of exile in northeastern Siberia, where Bogoraz arrived in 1889. He was only allowed to return to the Russian capital in 1899.

Bogoraz served as a hospital orderly during World War I and supported the social transformations triggered by the Russian Revolution of 1917. After a period of intense influence and recognition during the 1920s, Bogoraz became the target of Marxist criticism during the subsequent decade. He nevertheless managed to avoid open persecution and died a natural death in 1936.

Peter P. Schweitzer

See also Boas, Franz; Chukchi; Committee of the North; Jesup North Pacific Expedition; Shtern-berg, Lev Yakovlevich

Further Reading

Bogoras, Waldemar, "The Chukchi of Northeastern Asia." American Anthropologist, n.s., 3 (1901): 80-108

-, "The folklore of Northeastern Asia, as compared with that of Northwestern America." American Anthropologist, n.s., 4(4) (1902): 577-683

-, Chukchee Mythology, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1910

-, The Eskimo of Siberia, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1913

-, Tales of Yukaghir, Lamut, and Russianized Natives of

Eastern Siberia, New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1918

-, "Chukchee." In Handbook of American Indian

Languages, Part 2, edited by Franz Boas, Washington, District of Columbia: Government Printing Office, 1922

-, "Early migrations of the Eskimo between Asia and

America." In Congrès International des Americanistes. Compte-rendu de la XXIe session, deuxieme partie tenue a Göteborg en 1924, Gothenburg, 1924 -, "Ideas of space and time in the conception of primitive religion." American Anthropologist, 27(2) (1925): 205-66

Bogoraz-Tan, Vladimir Germanovich, "Avtobiografiia [Autobiography]."In Vladimir Germanovich Bogoraz-Tan i Severo-Vostok: Biobibliograficheskii ukazatel', Magadan: Magadanskaia oblastnaia biblioteka im. A.S. Pushkina, 1991 [first published in 1927] Freed, Stanley A., Ruth S. Freed & Laila Williamson, "Capitalist philantropy and Russian revolutionaries: The Jesup North Pacific Expedition (1897-1902)." American Anthropologist, 90(1) (1988): 7-24

Gernet, Katharina, Vladimir Germanovich Bogoraz (1865-1939). Eine Bibliographie [Vladimir Germanovich Bogoraz (1865-1939): A Bibliography], Munich: Osteuropa-Institut, 1999 Krader, Lawrence, "Bogoraz, Vladimir G., Sternberg, Lev Y., and Jochelson, Vladimir." In International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Volume 2, edited by D.L. Sills, New York: Macmillan, 1968 Krupnik, Igor, "The Bogoras enigma: bounds of culture and formats of anthropologists." In Grasping the Changing World: Anthropological Concepts in the Postmodern Era, edited by V. Hubinger, London: Routledge, 1996 Kuleshova, Natal'ia F., V.G. Tan-Bogoraz. Zhizn' i tvorchestvo [V.G. Tan-Bogoraz: Life and Work], Minsk: Izdatel'stvo BGU im. V.I. Lenina, 1975 Vdovin, I.S., "V.G. Bogoraz-Tan—uchenyi, pisatel', obshch-estvennyi deiatel' (K 125-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia) [V.G. Bogoraz-Tan: scholar, writer, public activist (on his 125th birthday]." Sovetskaia etnografiia, 2 (1991): 82-92

BOGS—See PEATLANDS AND BOGS

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