Biography

Leif Eriksson (Leifr Eiriksson) was born c.970, probably in Haukadalur (Iceland). His parents were Eirikur borvaldsson (also known as Eirik the Red) and bjööhildur J/rundardöttir. Eriksson lived much of his adult life in Brattahliö, Greenland. According to Saga of Eirik the Red, Eriksson had an illegitimate son by a noble woman referred to as börgunna in the Hebrides, where Norse settlers frequently visited from the 8th century onward. This son, who was named borgils, later came to Greenland, and was believed to possess magical powers. According to the saga, börgunna predicted that their son would cause Eriksson unhappiness, which may be a reference to a legend now lost. No wife of Eriksson is mentioned in the Vinland Sagas.

Sverrir Jakobsson

See also Eirik the Red; Norse and Icelandic Sagas; Vinland

Further Reading

Benediktsson, Jakob (editor), Islendingabök. Landnämabök,

Islenzk fornrit, I, Reykjavik, 1968 Bergbörsson, Pall, Vinlandsgätan, Reykjavik, 1997 Halldörsson, Olafur, Grwnland i midaldaritum, Reykjavik, 1980

- (editor), Eiriks saga rauda. Texti Skälholtsbökar AM

557 4to, Viöauki viö Islenzk fornrit, IV, Reykjavik, 1985 Hermannsson, Halldör, The Problem of Wineland, Ithaca, New

York: Cornell University Press, 1936 Ingstad, Helge, Westwards to Vinland, London and New York, 1965

Jansson, Sven B.F., Sagorna om Vinland I. Handskrifterna till

Erik den rödes saga, Lund, 1944 Jones, Gywn, The Norse Atlantic Saga, Oxford University

Press, Oxford, 1986 Jönsson, Eirikur & Finnur Jönsson (editors), Hauksbök udgiven efter de arnamagnwanske h&ndskrifler no. 371, 544 og 675, 4o samt forskellige papirsh&ndskrfter, Copenhagen, 1892-1896 Magnusson, Finnur & C.C. Rafn (editors), Grönlands his-toriske Mindesmwrker, 3 volumes, Copenhagen, 1838-1845 Morison, S.E., The European Discovery of America, New York, 1971

Nansen, Fridtjof, Nord i t&keheimen. Utforskningen av jordens nordlige str0k i tidlige tider, Kristiania, 1911 Rafn, C.C. (editor), Antiqvitates Americanw, Copenhagen, 1837 Strömbäck, Dag (editor), The Arna-Magnwean Manuscript 557 4to, Corpus codicum Islandicorum medii aevi, XIII, Copenhagen, 1940 böröarson, Matthias, Vinlandsfer>irnar, Safn til sögu Islands VI.1, Reykjavik, 1929

Vigfusson, GuSbrandur & Carl Rikard Unger (editors), Flateyjarbok. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med ind-skudte mindre fortwllinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler, 3 volumes, Christiania: P.T. Malling, 1860-1868

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