John Amagoalik was born in Inukjuaq, Québec on November 26, 1947. He and his family, along with several other Inuit families, were relocated to Resolute Bay by the Canadian government in an effort to support military bases in the Canadian Arctic. He attended school in Iqaluit (formerly Frobisher Bay) and began his career in public service there in 1971 as the Baffin Regional Information Officer for the government of the Northwest Territories. In 1974, he became the executive director of the Nunavut Land Claims Project. From 1977 until its dissolution in 1979, Amagoalik served as head of the Inuit Land Claim Commission. He then served as vice president of the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada (today Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami or ITK ) before serving two nonconsecutive terms as that organization's president (1981-1985, 1988-1991). In 1994, he received an award from the ITK for his contribution to Inuit political rights in Canada. In 1991, he served as political advisor to the Tungavik Federation of Nunavut. In 1993, he was appointed chief commissioner of the Nunavut Implementation Commission, which oversaw the establishment of Nunavut territory in 1999.

J. Brent Etzel

See also Inuit Broadcasting Corporation; Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami; Nunavut; Nunavut Final Agreement; Nunavut Tunngavik Inc.

Further Reading

Amagoalik, John, "Canada's Nunavut: An Indigenous Northern Territory." In Surviving Columbus: Indigenous Peoples, Political Reform, and Environmental Management in North Australia, edited by Peter Jull et al., Darwin: North Australia Research Unit, Australian National University, 1994

-, Footprints in New Snow: A Comprehensive Report

From the Nunavut Implementation Commission to the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Government of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut

Tunngavik Incorporated Concerning the Establishment of the Nunavut Government, Iqaluit: Nunavut Implementation Commission, 1995 Cameron, Kirk & Graham White, Northern Governments in Transition, Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1995

Dahl, Jens, Jack Hicks & Peter Jull (editors), Nunavut: Inuit Regain Control of Their Land and Their Lives, Copenhagen: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, 2000 Duffy, R. Quinn, The Road to Nunavut: The Progress of the Eastern Arctic Inuit Since the Second World War, Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1988 Légaré, André, The Evolution of the Government of the Northwest Territories (1967-1995): The Debate Over its Legitimacy and the Emergence of Nunavut and Denedeh, Québec: Gétic, 1998

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