Alaska

Early Alaskan Inupiaq caribou or reindeer parkas were pullover and hooded with wolf and/or wolverine ruffs. Men's parkas were hip length with nearly straight hems; women's parkas fell to the knee or slightly below, with curving front and back flaps. Triangular gussets of contrasting colored skins extended from the sides of the hood into the front of the garment. These hood roots looked like walrus tusks and were also common in Canadian Inuit parkas. Yup'ik Eskimo parkas from the Yukon-Kuskokwim rivers area followed the same general pattern but were longer and more often made of Arctic ground squirrel skins or other small furbearers. Many Iñupiaq parkas were trimmed with strips of colored skin, welts, and tassels of wolverine. The earliest trim consisted of bands of white skin set off with darker welts punctuated with tiny dots of red yarn or tabs of leather. In the late 1800s, seamstresses began to make elaborate geometric fur mosaic trim out of contrasting skins.

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