Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act Ancsa

The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, commonly known as ANCSA, was a piece of historic legislation passed by the United States Congress in 1971. The Act settled all outstanding Native land claims in the state of Alaska by extinguishing Native title and granting selected lands, as well as providing cash compensation to indigenous Alaskans. ANCSA was the first "modern treaty" in North America, providing a model and inspiration for future settlements, especially in Canada. The Act created 12 regional corporations, still functioning today, that sharply changed life for Native Alaskans. ANCSA also created problems that linger to the present.

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