2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.8 4.0 Equilibrium Temperature Difference for 2*C02 [°C]

Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions and Climate brings together many of the world's leading environmental scientists to discuss the interaction between the geosphere-biosphere and climate. The volume arises from a working group of the prestigious Pontifical Academy of Sciences and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. The chapters give a state-of-the-art summary of our current understanding of the present climate and environment by exploring Earth's past, analyzing human influence on the climate, describing climate and its relation to the Earth's surface, ocean, and atmosphere, and making future predictions of climate variability.

This volume will be invaluable for researchers and graduate students in climate studies who wish to gain a multidisciplinary perspective of our current understanding of the interaction between the geosphere-biosphere and climate.

The authors are L. 0. Bengtsson. C. U. Hammer, P. J.Crutzen, M. 0. Andreae, I. Fung. M. Heimann, W. S. Broecker. S. H. Schneider, D. Schimel, A. Berger. T F. Stocker, J. E. Kutzbach. I. C. Prentice, W. R. Peltier, J. F. Kasting. J. C. Duplessy, J. Jouzel. W. Steffen. and H. Grassl

Lennart 0. Bengtsson is a professor at the Max-Planck-lnstitut fur Meteorologie. Hamburg.

Claus U. Hammer is a professor in the Department of Geophysics, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen.

Cover design by David Levy



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