Pollen Allergies and Adaptation

Mikhail Sofiev, Jean Bousquet, Tapio Linkosalo, Hanna Ranta, Auli Rantio-Lehtimaki, Pilvi Siljamo, Erkka Valovirta, and Athanasios Damialis

Abstract This chapter is dedicated to the problem of plant-induced human allergy and to a specific way of adaptation to it via short-to-mid-term forecasts of atmospheric pollen concentrations and following pre-emptive and preparatory measures. It starts from the introduction to the subject, then considers the main forms of human plant-related allergy. Then, basics of pollination ecology are introduced and the mechanisms and possible models for pollination are presented. Apart from the standard local-scale effect of pollination, the chapter considers the long-distance transport of pollen and outlines the methodology for its quantitative evaluation

M. Sofiev

Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland e-mail: [email protected]

J. Bouszuet

Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, France e-mail: [email protected]

T. Linkosalo

University of Helsinki, Finland e-mail: [email protected]

H. Ranta

University of Turku, Finland e-mail: [email protected]

A. Rantio-Lehtimaki University of Turku, Finland e-mail: [email protected]

P. Siljamo

Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland e-mail: [email protected]

E. Valovirta

Turku Allergy Centre, Finland e-mail: [email protected]

A. Damialis

Aristotle University, Greece e-mail: [email protected]

K.L. Ebi et al. (eds.), Biometeorology for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change, 75 © Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

and forecasting. The final section is dedicated to possible adaptation measures in changing climate.

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