Burned Area And Burned Biomass By Vegetation Types

Koffi et al. (1996) identified the seasonality of burning activity in the African continent using active fire maps derived from AVHRR-GAC imagery. Assuming the onset of the burning season to be in November, when the dry period begins in the northern hemisphere, a season is considered to run from November to October of the following year. In view of the spatial distribution of vegetation fires and the ecosystems affected by them, three main periods can be identified (see also Figure 4)...

Anthropogenic Biomass Burning

Anthropogenic biomass burning is far more important than natural fires, which are responsible for only 10 of total biomass burning (Levine, this volume). Human-initiated fires can take many forms, including the burning of agricultural wastes, domestic fuelwood, biofuels, prescribed burning and destructive burning. Emphasis in this book has concentrated on forest fires (both natural and anthropogenic), with only a single paper devoted to industrial biofuels and domestic fuels. While much...

Energy Needs Of India

The power sector in India is facing serious problems, as the gap between demand and supply has been increasing annually by about 8 . The shortage of power during the Ninth Five Year Plan period (1997-2002) in India is estimated to be about 55000 MW (MegaWatt). Coal is one of the primary energy resources, accounting for about 67 of the total commercial energy consumption in the country. Thermal power plants at present account for 73 of the total power generation in India hydroelectric power...