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Figure 9. Comparison of Lim and Chang's (1981) barotropic equatorial beta-plane cold surge theory (panels A and B) and observed NOGAPS 850 hPa wind analysis (panels C and D), each for two time periods separated by three days. Because the narrow width of the South China Sea confined the width of the intense surge belt to about one half of that in the terrain-free equatorial beta-plane solution, a comparison of the theory and the actual development may be made by scaling the east—west dimension of the upper panels to one half of the original size (L = 15° longitude instead of 30° ), or treating the highlighted rectangular area in panels A and B as being comparable to the domain of the NOGAPS plots. The location of the high center in panel B was also shifted eastward by 0.4 L to account for the reduced zonal scale, the typical eastward movement of the East Asian surface high center, and the geographical restriction of the surge belt by the South China Sea. See text for details. [Diagram adapted from Lim and Chang (1980) and Chang et al. (2003) by permission of American Meteorological Society and American Geophysical Union, respectively.]

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