AGASP (Arctic Gas and Aerosol Sampling Program), 1984, Geophys. Res. Lett., 11 (5).

Ahlmann H.W., 1948, Glaciological Research on the North Atlantic Coasts, Roy. Geogr. Soc. Res. Ser. 1, London, 83 pp.

Ahlmann H.W., 1953, Glacier Variations and Climatic Fluctuations, Bowman memorial lectures, ser. 3, Amer. Geogr. Soc., New York, 51 pp.

Aleksandrov E.I. and Lubarski A.N., 1988, 'Stabilisation of "norms" under climate monitoring', in: Voskresenskiy A.I (Ed.), Monitoring Klimata Arktiki, Gidromcteoizdat, Leningrad, pp. 33-39 (in Russian).

Alckseev G.V., 1997, 'Arctic climate dynamics in the global environment', in: Proceedings Conference on Polar Processes and Global Climate, Part II of II, Rosario, Orcas Island, Washington, USA, 3-6 November 1997, pp. 11-14.

Alekseev G.V., Podgomoy I.A., Svyashchennikov P.N. and Khrol V.P., 1991, 'Features of climate formation and its variability in the polar climatic atmosphere-sea-ice-ocean system', in: Krutskikh B.A. (Ed.), Klimaticheskii Rezhim Arktiki na Rubezhe XX i XXI vv., Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, pp. 4-29 (in Russian).

Alekseev G.V. and Svyashchennikov P.N., 1991, The natural variation of climatic characteristics of the Northern Polar Region and the Northern Hemisphere, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 159 pp. (in Russian).

Alisov B.P., Berlin I. A. and Mikhel V.M., 1954, A Course of Climatology, part 3, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, (in Russian).

Alt B.T., 1985, 'A period of summer accumulation in the Queen Elizabeth Islands', in: Harington C.R. (Ed.), Critical Periods in the Quaternary Climatic History of Northern North America, Climatic Change in Canada 5, Syllogeus 55, 461-479.

Alt B.T., Fisher D.A. and Koerner R.M., 1992, 'Climatic conditions for the period surrounding the Tambora signal in ice core from the Canadian High Arctic Islands', in: Harington C.R. (Ed.), The Year Without a Summer? World Climate in 1816, Ottawa, Canadian Museum of Nature, pp. 309-325.

Andersson T., 1969, 'Annual and diurnal variation of fog', Meteorologiska Institutionen, Uppsala Universitet, Meddellande, Nr 102, Uppsala, 36 pp.

Andrews R.H., 1964, 'Meteorology and heat balance of the ablation area, White Glacier', Axel Heiberg Island Research Reports, Meteorology, No. 1, McGill Univ., Montreal, 107 pp.

Andrews J.T. and Ives J.D., 1972, 'Late- and Postglacial events (< 10,000 BP) in the eastern Canadian Arctic with particular reference to the Cockburn moraines and break-up of the Laurentide ice sheet', in: Vasari Y., Hyvarinen H. and Hicks S. (Eds.), Climatic Changes in Arctic Areas During the Last 10,000 years, Acta Univ. Ouluensis, Series A, Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 3, Geologica 1, Univ. of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 149-174.

Arctic Climate System Study, 1994, WCRP-85, WMO/TD-No. 627, 66 pp.

Ariel N.Z., Bartkovskiy R.S., Biutner Z.K., Kucherov N.W. and Strokina L.A., 1973, 'About computation of monthly mean heat and humid fluxes over the ocean', Meteorol. i Gidrol., 5, 3-11 (in Russian).

Aristova L.N. and Gruza G.V., 1987, Data on the Structure and Variability of Climate. Total Cloudiness on Satellite Observations. Northern and Southern Hemispheres, ASRIHMI-MCD, Obninsk, 248 pp.

Armstrong T., Rogers G. and Rowley G., 1978, The Circumpolar North: A Political and Economic Geography of the Arctic and Sub-arctic, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 303 pp.

Atlas Arktiki, 1985, Glavnoye Upravlenye Geodeziy i Kartografiy, Moscow, 204 pp.

Atkinson K., 1994, 'The Canadian Arctic and global climatic change', in: Atkinson K. and McDonald A.T. (Eds.), Environmental Issues in Canada: Canadian Studies Workshop, February 1994, University of Leeds, Leeds, pp. 67-86.

Bader H., 1961, The Greenland Ice Sheet, U.S. Army, Corp. Engr. Cold. Regions Res. Eng. Lab., Res. Rept., I-B2, 17 pp.

Badgley F.I., 1961, 'Heat balance of the surface of the Arctic Ocean', in: Proc. of the Western Snow Conference, 11-13 April 1961, Spokane, Washington, pp. 101-104.

Baird P. D., 1964, The Polar World, Longmans, London, 328 pp.

Ball T.F., 1983, 'Preliminary analysis of early instrumental temperature records from York Factory and Churchill Factory', in: Harington C.R. (Ed.), Climatic Change in Canada 3, Syllogeus No 49, National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, pp. 203-219.

Ball T.F., 1992, 'Historical and instrumental evidence of climate: western Hudson Bay, Canada, 1714-1850', in: Bradley R.S. and Jones P.D. (Eds.), Climate Since A.D. 1500, Routledge, London, pp. 40-73.

Baranowski S., 1968, 'Thermic conditions of the periglacial tundra in SW Spitsbergen', Acta Univ. Wratisl., 68, 74 pp.

Baranowski S., 1975, 'Glaciological investigations and glaciomorphological observations made in 1970 on Werenskiold Glacier and its forefield', Results of the Polish Scientific Spitsbergen Expeditions 1970-1974, Acta Univ. Wratisl., 251, 69-94.

Baranowski S., 1977a, 'Results of dating of the fossil tundra in the forefield of Werenskioldbreen', Acta Univ. Wratisl., 387, 31-36.

Baranowski S., 1977b, 'The subpolar glaciers of Spitsbergen, seen against the climate of this region', Acta Univ. Wratisl., 393, 167 pp.

Baranowski S. and Karlen W., 1976, 'Remnants of Viking age tundra in Spitsbergen and Northern Scandinavia', Geogr. Ann., 58A, 35-40.

Barrie L.A., 1986a, 'Arctic air pollution: an overview of current knowledge', Atmos. Environ., 20, 643-663.

Barrie L.A., 1986b, 'Arctic air chemistry: an overview', in: Stonehouse B. (Ed.), Arctic Air Pollution, Cambridge University Press, pp. 5-23.

Barrie L.A., 1992, 'Arctic air pollution', WMO Bull, 41, 154-159.

Barrie L.A., Olson M.P. and Oikawa K.K., 1989, 'The flux of anthropogenic sulphur into the Arctic from mid-latitudes in 1979/80', Atmos. Environ., 23, 25052512.

Barry R.G., 1964, Weather Conditions at Tanquary Fiord, Summer ¡963, Canada Defense Research Board, Report D. Phys. R(G) Hazen 23, 36 pp.

Barry R.G., 1981, Mountain Weather and Climate, Methuen, London and New York, 313 pp.

Barry R.G., 1985, 'Snow and ice data', in: Hecht A.D. (Ed.), Paleoclimate Analysis and Modeling, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, pp. 259-290.

Barry R.G., 1989, 'The present climate of the Arctic Ocean and possible past and future states', in: Herman Y. (Ed.), The Arctic Seas: Climatology, Oceanography, Geology, and Biology, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, pp. 1-46.

Barry R.G., 1995, 'Land of the midnight Sun', in: Ives J.D. and Sugden D. (Eds.), Polar Regions: The Illustrated Library of the Earth, Readers's Digest Press Australia, Sydney, pp. 28-41.

Barry R.G. and Chorley R.J., 1992, Atmosphere, Weather and Climate, Routledge, London and New York, 392 pp.

Barry R.G., Crane R.G., Schweiger A. and Newell J., 1987, 'Arctic cloudiness in spring from satellite imagery', J. Climatol., 7, 423-451.

Barry R.G. and Hare F.K., 1974, 'Arctic climate', in: Ives J.D. and Barry R.G. (Eds.), Arctic and Alpine Environments, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, pp. 17-54.

Barry R.G. and Ives J.D., 1974, 'Introduction', in: Ives J.D. and Barry R.G. (Eds.), Arctic and Alpine Environments, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, pp. 1-13.

Barry R.G. and Kiladis G.N., 1982, 'Climatic characteristic of Greenland', in: Climatic and Physical Characteristics of the Greenland Ice Sheet, CIRES, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, pp. 7-33.

Barry R.G. and Perry A.H., 1973, Synoptic Climatology: Methods and Applications, Methuen & Co Ltd, 11 New Fetter Lane London EC4, 555 pp.

Barthelet P., Terray L. and Valcke S., 1998, 'Transient C02 experiment using the ARPEGE/OPAICE non flux corrected coupled model', Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2277-2280.

Baskakov G.A., 1971, 'Sea boundary of the Arctic', in: Govorukha L.S. and Kruchinin Yu.A. (Eds.), Problems of Physiographic Zoning of Polar Lands, Trudy AANII, 304, 36-58 (in Russian), Translated and published also by Amerind Publishing Co., Pot. Ltd, New Delhi, 1981, 35-60.

Baur F., 1929, 'Das Klima der bisher erforschten Teile der Arktis', Arktis, 2, 77-89 and 110-120.

Bazhev A.B. and Bazheva V.Ya., 1968, 'Quaternary glaciation of Novaya Zemlya', in: Glaciation of the Novaya Zemlya, Izd. "Nauka", Moskva, pp. 215-231 (in Russian).

Bedél B., 1956, Les Observations Métèorologigues de la Station Française du Groenland, Paris.

Belmont A.D., 1958, 'Low tropospheric inversions at ice island T-3', in: Sutcliffe R.C. (Ed.), Polar Atmosphere Symposium, Part I, Meteorol. Section, pp. 215-284.

Benson C.S., 1962, 'Stratigraphie studies in the snow and firn of the Greenland ice sheet', SIPRE Res. Rep., 70.

Benson C.S., 1969, 'Ice fog', Engineering and Science, 32, 15-19.

Bergeron T., 1928, 'Über die dreidimensional verknüpfende Wetteranalyse', Geofysiske Publikasjoner, vol. V, No. 6.

Berlyand T.G. and Strokina L.A., 1980, Global Distribution of Total Cloud Amount, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 72 pp. (in Russian).

Bernes C., 1996, The Nordic Arctic Environment - Unspoilt, Exploited, Polluted? The Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen, 240 pp.

Berry M.O. and Lawford R.G., 1977, Low-temperature Fog in the Northwest Territories, Atmos. Environ. Serv., Tech. Memo. 850, 27 pp.

Billeo M.A., 1966, Survey of Arctic and Subarctic Temperature Inversions, Tech. Rep. 161, Cold Regions Res. and Eng. Lab., Hanover, N.H., 38 pp.

Blake W. Jr., 1975, 'Radiocarbon age determinations and postglacial emergence at Cape Storm, southern Ellesmere Island, Arctic Canada', Geogr. Ann., 57A, 1-71.

Blake W. Jr., 1981, 'Neoglacial fluctuations of glaciers, southeastern Ellesmere Island, Canadian Arctic Archipelago', Geogr. Ann., 63A, 201-218.

Blake W. Jr., 1987, Geological Survey of Canada Radiocarbon Dates XXVI, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 86-7.

Blake W. Jr., 1989, 'Application of ,4C AMS dating to the chronology of Holocene glacier fluctuations in the High Arctic, with special references to Leffert Glacier, Ellesmere Island, Canada', Radiocarbon, 31, 570-578.

Blanchet J.-P, 1991, 'Potential climate change from Arctic aerosol pollution', in: Sturges W.T. (Ed.), Pollution of the Arctic Atmosphere, Elsevier Science Publ., London and New York, pp. 289-322.

Blanchet J.-P. and List R., 1987, 'On radiative effects of anthropogenic aerosol components in Arctic haze and snow', Tellus, 39B, 293-317.

Boer G.J., Flato G., Reader M.C. and Ramsden D., 2000, 'A transient climate change simulation with greenhouse gas and aerosol forcing: experimental design and comparison with the instrumental record for the twentieth century', Clim. Dyn., 16, 405-425.

Bogdanova E.G., 1966, 'Investigation of precipitation measurement losses due to the wind', Trans, of Main Geophys. Observ., 195, Leningrad, 40-62 (in Russian).

Bogdanova E.G., 1997, 'Solid precipitation section', in: Kotlyakov V.M., Kravtsova V.I. and Dreyer N.N. (Eds.), World Atlas of Snow and Ice Resources, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, p. 57.

Boggs S.W., 1990, The Polar Regions: Geographical and Historical Data for Consideration in a Study of Claims to Severeignty in the Arctic and Antarctic Regions, Buffalo, NY: William S. Hein & Co., 123 pp.

Born K., 1996, 'Tropospheric warming and changes in weather variability over the Northern Hemisphere during the period 1967-1991', Meteorol. Atmos. Phvs., 59,201-215.

Bradley R.S., 1985, Quaternary Paleoclimatology: Methods of Paleoclimatic Reconstruction, Allen and Unvin, Boston, 472 pp.

Bradley R.S., 1990, 'Holocene paleoclimatology of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canadian High Arctic', Quat. Sci. Rev., 9, 365-384.

Bradley R.S., 1999, Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternaiy, second edition, Academic Press, San Diego, 613 pp.

Bradley R.S. and England J., 1978, 'Recent climatic fluctuations of the Canadian High Arctic and their significance for glaciology', Arctic and Alpine Res., 10, 715-731.

Bradley R.S. and Jones P.D., 1985, 'Data bases for isolating the effects of the increasing carbon dioxide concentration', in: MacCracken M.C. and Luther F.M. (Eds.), Detecting the Climatic Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide, DOE/ER-0235, pp. 31-53.

Bradley R.S. and Jones P.D., 1993, "Little Ice Age' summer temperature variations: their nature and relevance to recent global warming trends', The Holocene, 3, 367-376.

Bradley R.S., Keimig F.T. and Diaz H.F., 1992, 'Climatology of surface-based inversions in the North American Arctic', J. Geophys. Res., 97 (D14), 15,699-15,712.

Broccoli A.J., Delworth T.L. and Ngar-Cheung L., 2001, 'The effect of changes in observational coverage on the association between surface temperature and the Arctic Oscillation', J. Climate, 14, 2481-2485.

Broccoli A.J., Lau N.-C. and Nath M.J., 1998, 'The cold ocean-warm land pattern: Model simulation and relevance to climate change detection', J. Climate, 11, 2743-2763.

Bromwich D.H., 1988, 'Snowfall in high southern latitudes', Rev. Geophys., 26, 149-168.

Bromwich D.H., Cullather R.I., Chen Q.-s and Csatho B.M., 1998, 'Evaluation of recent precipitation studies for Greenland Ice Sheet', J. Geophys. Res., 103 (D20), 26,007-26,024.

Bromwich D.H. and Robasky F.M., 1993, 'Recent precipitation trends over the Polar Ice Sheets', Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 51, 259-274.

Bromwich D.H., Robasky F.M., Kee R.A. and Bolzan J.F., 1993, 'Modeled variations of precipitation over the Greenland Ice Sheet', J. Climate, 6, 1253-1268.

Brown R.D. and Braaten R.O., 1998, 'Spatial and temporal variability of Canadian monthly snow depth, 1946-1995', Atmos.-Ocean, 36, 37-54.

Brown R.N.R., 1927, The Polar Regions: A Physical and Economic Geography of the Arctic and Antarctic, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, 245 pp.

Bruce W. S., 1911, Polar Exploration, Williams & Norgate, London, 256 pp.

Brückner E., 1893, 'Über den Einfluss der Schneedecke auf das klima der Alpen', Zeitschr. Deutsch. Öst. Alpenver, Bd. 24.

Bryazgin N.N., 1968, 'Duration of the sunshine and its anomaly during the IGY and IQSY in the Arctic', Trudy AANII, 274, 50-59 (in Russian).

Bryazgin N.N., 1969, 'Account of winter precipitation in the Polar regions', Trudy AANII, 287, 110-122 (in Russian).

Bryazgin N.N., 1971, 'Precipitation and snow cover', in: Dolgin I.M. (Ed.), Meteorological Conditions of the non-Soviet Arctic, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, pp. 124-142 (in Russian).

Bryazgin N.N., 1976a, 'Mean annual precipitation in the Arctic computed taking into account errors of precipitation measurements', Trudy AANII, 323, 40-74 (in Russian).

Bryazgin N.N., 1976b, 'Comparison of precipitation measurements using two types of gauges and correction of monthly precipitation totals in the Arctic', Trudy AANII, 328, 44-52 (in Russian).

Budyko M.I., 1956, Heat Balance of the Earth's Surface, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 255 pp. (in Russian).

Budyko M.I. (Ed.), 1963, Atlas of the Heat Balance of the Earth, Akademia Nauk SSSR, GGO, Moskva, 69 pp. (in Russian).

Budyko M.I., 1971, Climate and Life, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 470 pp. (in Russian).

Burova L.P., 1983, The Moisture Cycle in the Atmosphere of the Arctic, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 128 pp. (in Russian).

Burova L.P. and Gavrilova L.A., 1974, 'General rules of humidity regime in the troposphere', in: Dolgin I.M. and Gavrilova L.A. (Eds.), Climate of the Free Atmosphere of the non-Soviet Arctic, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, pp. 145-173 (in Russian).

Burova L.P. and Lukyanchikova N.I., 1996, 'Water vapor distribution in the Arctic atmosphere in clear and overcast sky conditions', Russian Met. and Hydrol., 1, 25-31.

Businger S., 1987, 'The synoptic climatology of polar low outbreaks over the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Sea', Tellus, 39A, 307-325.

Businger S. and Reed R.J., 1989, 'Polar lows', in: Twitchell P.F., Rasmussen E.A. and Davidson K.L. (Eds.), Polar and Arctic Lows, A. Deepak Publishing, Hampton, pp. 3—45.

Calanca P., 1994, 'The atmospheric water vapour budget over Greenland', Ziircher Geographische Schriften, 55, Ziircher, 115 pp.

Calanca P., Gilgen H., Ekholm S. and Ohmura A., 2000, 'Gridded temperature and accumulation distributions for Greenland for use in cryospheric models', Ann. Glaciol., 31, 118-120.

Carsey RD. (Ed.), 1992, 'Microwave remote sensing of sea ice', Geophys. Monogr., 68, Amer. Geophys. Union, 462 pp.

Catchpole A.J.W., 1985, 'Evidence from Hudson Buy region of severe cold in the summer of 1816', in: Harington C.R. (Ed.) Climatic Change in Canada 3, Syllogeus No 49, National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, pp. 121-146.

Catchpole A.J.W., 1992a, 'Hudson's Bay Company ships' log-books as sources of sea ice data, 1751-1870', in: Bradley R.S. and Jones P.D. (Eds.), Climate Since A.D. 1500, Routledge, London, pp. 17-39.

Catchpole A.J.W., 1992b, 'River ice and sea ice in the Hudson Bay region during the second decade of the nineteenth century', in: Harington C.R. (Ed.), The Year Without a Summer? World Climate in 1816, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, pp. 233-244.

Cattle H. and Crossley J., 1995, 'Modelling Arctic climate change', Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A, 352, 201-213.

Central Intelligence Agency, 1978, Polar Regions Atlas, National Foreign Assessment Center, C.I.A. Washington, DC, 66 pp.

Cermak V., 1971, 'Underground temperature and inferred climatic temperature of the past millenium', Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 10, 1-19.

Cess R.D. and 32 co-authors, 1991, 'Interpretation of snow-climate feedback as produced by 17 General Circulation Models', Science, 253, 888-892.

Chapman W.L. and Walsh J.E., 1993, 'Recent variations of sea ice and air temperature in high latitudes', Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 74, 33—47.

Chernigovskii N.T. and Marshunova M.S., 1965, Climate of the Soviet Arctic (Radiation Regime), Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 199 pp. (in Russian).

Clayton H.H., 1928, 'The bearing of polar meteorology on world weather', in: Joerg W. and Louis G. (Eds.), Problems of Polar Research, Amer. Geogr. Paper, Amer. Geogr. Soc. Special Publ., No. 7, New York, pp. 27-37.

Coachman L.K. and Aagaard K., 1974, 'Physical oceanography of Arctic and Subarctic seas', Ch. 1, in: Hermann Y. (Ed.), Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas, Springer Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, pp. 1-72.

Cohen J. and Rind D., 1991, 'The effect of snow cover on the climate', J. Climate, 4, 689-706.

Colony R. and Thorndike A.S., 1984, 'An estimate of the mean field of Arctic sea ice motion', J. Geophys. Res., 89 (6), 10,623-10,629.

Cracknell A.P. (Ed.), 1981, Remote Sensing in Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology, Ellis Horwood Limited, Chichester, 542 pp.

Crane R.G. and Barry R.G., 1984, 'The influence of clouds on climate with a focus on high latitude interactions', J. Climatol., 4, 71-93.

Crutcher H.J. and Meserve J.M., 1970, Selected Level Height, Temperatures, and Dew Points for the Northern Hemisphere, NAVAIR 50-1C-52 (revised), Chief of Naval Operations, Naval Weather Service Command, Washington, D.C., 420 pp.

Curry JU.A. and Ebert E.E., 1992, 'Annual cycle of radiation fluxes over the Arctic ocean: Sensitivity to cloud optical properties', J. Climate, 5, 1267-1280.

Dahlgren L., 1974, Solar Radiation Climate Near Sea Level in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Arctic Institute of North America Devon Island Expedition 196162, Meddelande nr 121, Meteorologiska Institutionen, Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, 119 pp.

Dahl-Jensen D., Mosegaard K., Gundestrup N., Clow C.D., Johnsen S.J., Hansen A.W. and Balling N., 1998, 'Past temperatures directly from the Greenland Ice Sheet', Science, 282, 268-271.

Dansgaard W., Johnsen S.J., Clausen H.B., Langway C.C. Jr, 1971, 'Climatic record revealed by the Camp Century ice core', in: K.K. Turekian (Ed.), The Late Cenozoic Glacial Ages, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, CN, pp. 37-56.

Defant F., 1951, 'Local winds', in: Malone T.F. (Ed.), Compendium of Meteorology, Amer. Met. Soc., Boston, Mass., pp. 655-672.

Delworth T.L., 1996, 'North Atlantic interannual variability in a coupled ocean-atmosphere model', J. Climate, 9, 2356-2375.

Delworth T.L. and Dixon K.W., 2000, 'Implications of the recent trend in the Arctic/ North Atlantic Oscillation for the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation', J. Climate, 13, 3721-3727.

Denton G.H. and Karlen W., 1973, 'Holocene climatic variations - their pattern and possible causes', Quat. Res., 3, 155-205.

Deser C., 2000, 'On the teleconnectivity of the "Arctic Oscillation", Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 779-782.

Dethloff K., Abegg C., Rinke A., Hebestadt I. and Romanov V.F., 2001, 'Sensitivity of Arctic climate simulations to different boundary-layer parametrizations in a regional climate model', Tellus, 53A, 1-26.

Dethloff K., Rinkc A. and Lehmann R., 1996, 'Regional climate model of the Arctic atmosphere', J. Geophys. Res., 101, 23,401-23,422.

Dewey K.F., 1987, 'Satellite-derived maps of snow cover frequency for the Northern Hemisphere', / Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 26, 1210-1229.

Diamond M., 1958, Air Temperature and Precipitation on the Greenland Ice Cap, U.S. Army Corps. Engrs., Snow, Ice, Permafrost Res. Estab., Res. Rept., 43, 9 pp.

Diamond M., 1960, 'Air temperature and precipitation on the Greenland ice sheet', J. Glaciol., 3, 558-567.

Dickinson R.E., Errico R.M., Giorgi F. and Bates G.T., 1989, 'A regional climate model for the western U.S.', Clim. Change, 15, 383-422.

Dickson R.R., Osborn T.J., Hurrell J.W., Meincke J., Blindheim J., Adlandsvik B., Vinje T., Alekseev G. and Maslowski W., 2000, 'The Arctic ocean response to the North Atlantic Oscillation', J. Climate, 13, 2671-2696.

Dickson R.R., Osborn T.J., Hurrell J.W., Meincke J., Blindheim J., Adlandsvik B., Vinje T., Alekseev G., Maslowski W. and Cattle H., 1997, 'The Arctic ocean response to the North Atlantic Oscillation', in: Proceedings Conference on Polar Processes and Global Climate, Part II of II, Rosario, Orcas Island, Washington, USA, 3-6 November 1997, pp. 46-47.

Dmitriev A. A., 1994, Variability of Atmospheric Processes in the Arctic and Their Application in Long-term Forecasts, Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 207 pp. (in Russian).

Dolgin I.M., 1960, 'Arctic aero-climatological studies', Probl. Arkt., 4, 64-75 (in Russian).

Dolgin I.M., 1962, 'Some results of atmospheric investigation over the Arctic Ocean', Probl. Arkt. i Antarkt., 11, 31-36 (in Russian).

Dolgin I.M., Bryazgin N.N. and Petrov L.S., 1975, 'Snow cover in the Arctic', Trudy AANII, 326, 165-170 (in Russian).

Dolgin I.M. and Gavrilova L.A. (Eds.), 1974, Climate of the Free Atmosphere of the non-Soviet Arctic, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 320 pp. (in Russian).

Donina S.M., 1971, 'Air temperature', in: Dolgin I.M. (Ed.), Meteorological Conditions of the non-Soviet Arctic, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, pp. 83-104 (in Russian).

Dorn W., Dethloff K., Rinke A. and Botzet M., 2000, 'Distinct circulation states of the Arctic atmosphere induced by natural climate variability', J. Geophvs. Res., 105, 29,659-29,668.

Dorsey H.G., 1945, 'Some meteorological aspects of the Greenland ice cap', J. Meteorol., 2, 135-142.

Dorsey H.H., 1949, Meteorological Characteristics of Northern Arctic America, Mass. Inst, of Tech., unpublished.

Drozdov O.A., Sorochan O.G., Voskresenskii A.I., Burova L.P. and Kryshko O.V., 1976, 'Characteristics of the atmospheric water budget over Arctic Ocean drainage basins', Trudy AANII, 327, 15-34 (in Russian).

Duce R.P., Hoffman G.L. and Zoller W.H., 1975, 'Atmospheric trace elements at remote Northern and Southern Hemispheric sites: pollution or natural?', Science, 187, 59-61.

Dudley J.F., Jr. and Davy R.D., 1989, 'Global snow depth climatology', in: Amer. Met. Soc., Sixth Conference on Applied Clim., March 7-10 1989, Charleston, S. Carolina, Boston, MA, Amer. Met. Soc., pp. 145-148.

Duguay C.R., 1993, 'Modelling the radiation budget of alpine snowflelds with remotely sensed data: model formulation and validation', Ann. Glaciol., 17, 288294.

Dutton E.G., Stone R.S., Nelson D.W. and Mendonca B.G., 1991, 'Recent interannual variations in solar radiation, cloudiness, and surface temperature at the South Pole', J. Climate, 4, 848-858.

Dyke A.S., England J., Reimnitz E. and Jette H., 1997, 'Changes in driftwood delivery to the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: the hypothesis of postglacial oscillations of the Transpolar Drift', Arctic, 50, 1-16.

Dyke A.S., Hooper J.E. and Savelle J.M., 1996, 'A history of sea ice in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago based on postglacial remains of the Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus)', Arctic, 49, 235-255.

Dyke A.S. and Morris T.E., 1990, 'Postglacial history of the Bowhead whale and of driftwood penetrations; implications for paleoclimate, central Canadian Arctic', Geological Survey of Canada Paper, 89-24, 17 pp.

Dzerdzeevskii B.L., 1941-1945, 'Circulation of the atmosphere in the Central Basin', in: Trudy Dreifuyushchei Stantsii "Severnyi Polyus ", vol. 2, izd. GUSMP, 64-200 (in Russian), Transl. Univ. of Calif., Dep. of Meteorol., Scient. Rep. No. 3, 1954, variously paged.

Dzerdzeevskii B. L., 1945, Circulation Models in the Troposphere of the Central Arctic, Moscow-Leningrad, (in Russian), Transl. Univ. of Calif., Dep. of Meteorol., Scient. Rep. No. 3, 1954, 1-40.

Elverh0i A., Svendsen J.I., Solheim A., Andersen E.S., Milliman J.D., Mangerud J. and Hook Leb. R., 1995, 'Late Quaternary sediment yield from the high Arctic Svalbard area', J. Geol., 103, 1-17.

Evans D.J. A., 1988, Glacial Geomorphology and Late Quaternary History of Phillips Inlet and the Wootton Peninsula, Northwest Ellesmere Island, Canada, PhD thesis, University of Alberta.

Evans D.J.A. and England J., 1992, 'Geomorphological evidence of Holocene climatic change from northwest Ellesmere Island, Canadian High Arctic', The Holocene, 2, 148-158.

Ewert A., 1997, 'Thermic continentality of the climate of the Polar regions', Probl. Klimatol. Polar., 1, 55-64 (in Polish).

Ferrel W., 1882, 'The cause of low barometer in the Polar regions in the central part of cyclones', Prof. Papers of the Signal Service, U.S. War Dept., No. VIII, 5-51.

Ferrel W., 1889, A Popular Treatise on the Winds, Wigley, New York, 505 pp.

Fett R.W., 1989, 'Polar low development associated with boundary layer fronts in the Greenland, Norwegian and Barents Seas', in: Twitchell P.F., Rasmussen E.A. and Davidson K.L. (Eds.), Polar and Arctic Lows, A. Deepak Publishing, Hampton, pp. 313-322.

Feyling-Hanssen R.W. and Olsson I., 1960, 'Five radiocarbon datings of post-glacial shorelines in central Spitsbergen', Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, 17, 1-4.

Fischer H., Werner M., Wagenbach D., Schwager M., Thorsteinnson T., Wilhelms F., Kipfstuhl J. and Sommer S., 1998, 'Little ice age clearly recorded in northern Greenland ice cores', Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1749-1752.

Fisher D.A. and Koerner R.M., 1980, 'Some aspects of climatic change in the high arctic during the Holocene as deduced from ice cores', in: Mahaney W.C. (Ed.), Quaternary Paleoclimate, Geobooks, Norwich, pp. 249-271.

Fisher D.A. and Koerner R.M., 1983, 'Ice core study: a climatic link between the past, present and future', in: Harington C.R. (Ed.), Climatic Change in Canada, Syllogeus 49, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, pp. 50-69.

Flato G.M., Boer G.J., Lee W.G., McFarlane N.A., Ramsden D., Reader M.C. and Weaver A.J., 2000, 'The Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis global coupled model and its climate', Clim. Dyn., 16, 451-467.

Fletcher J. O., 1965, The Heat Budget of the Arctic Basin and Its Relation to Climate, A Report Prepared for United States Air Force Project RAND, The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, 180 pp.

Folland C.K., 1988, 'Numerical models of the raingauge exposure problem field experiments and an improved collector design', Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 114, 1485-1516.

F0rland E.J., Hanssen-Bauer I. and Nordli P.Q., 1997, 'Climate statistics & longterm series of temperature and precipitation at Svalbard and Jan Mayen', KLIMA DNMI Report, 21/97, Norwegian Met. Inst., 72 pp.

Francis J.A., 1994, 'Improvements to TOVS retrievals over sea ice and applications to estimating Arctic energy fluxes', J. Geophys. Res., 99(D5), 10,395-10,408.

Franklin J., 1828, Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Polar Sea in the Years 1825, 1826 and 1827, John Murray, London, 320 pp.

Fyfe J.C., Boer G.J. and Flato G.M., 1999, 'The Arctic and Antarctic oscillations and their projected changes under global warming', Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1601-1604.

Gaigerov S.S., 1962, Problems of the Aerological Structure Circulation and Climate of the Free Atmosphere of the Central Arctic and Antarctic, lzd. AN SSSR, Moskva, 316 pp. (in Russian).

Gaigerov S.S., 1964, Aerology of the Polar Regions, Gidrometeoizdat, Moskva (in Russian), Translated also by Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1967, 280 pp.

Gates W.L., 1992, 'AMIP: The Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 73, 1962-1970.

Gates W.L. and 74 coauthors, 1996, 'Climate models - Evaluation', in: Houghton J. T., Meila Filho L.G., Callander B. A., Harris N., Kattenberg A. and Maskell K. (Eds.), Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, pp. 233-284.

Gates W. L. and 15 coauthors, 1999, 'An overview of the results of the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP 1)', Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80, 29-55.

Gavrilova M.K., 1959, 'Radiation balance of the Arctic', Trudy GGO, 92, pp. (in Russian).

Gavrilova M.K., 1963, Radiation Climate of the Arctic, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 225 pp. (in Russian), Translated also by Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1966, 178 pp.

Georgi J., 1935, 'Die Eismittestation. Deutsche Grönland-Expedition A. Wegener 1929 und 1930-31', Wiss. Ergebnisse, 4, 1, Leipzig.

Georgi J., Holzapfel R. and Kopp W., 1935, 'Meteorologie. Das Beobachtungsmaterial', Wiss. Ergebnisse. Deutchen Grönland-Expedition Alfred Wegener 1929 und 1930/1931, 4, Leipzig.

Giorgi F. and Francisco R., 2000a, 'Uncertainties in regional climate change prediction: a regional analysis of ensemble simulations with the HADCM2 coupled AOGCM', Clim. Dyn., 16, 169-182.

Giorgi F. and Francisco R., 2000b, 'Ewaluating uncertainties in the prediction of regional climate change', Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1295-1298.

Girs A.A., 1948, 'Some aspects concerning basic forms of atmospheric circulation', Meteorol. i Gidrol., 3, 9-11 (in Russian).

Girs A.A., 1971, Many Years Fluctuations of Atmospheric Circulation and Long-term Hydrometeorological Forecast, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 279 pp. (in Russian).

Girs A.A., 1981, 'Some forms of atmospheric circulation and their utilisation in forecasts', Trudy AANII, 373, 4-13 (in Russian).

Gledonova N.K., 1971, 'Isobaric fields and wind', in: Dolgin I.M. (Ed.) Meteorological Conditions of the non-Soviet Arctic, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, pp. 6983, (in Russian).

Gluza A.F. and Piasecki J., 1989, 'The role of atmospheric circulation in formation of climatic features at South Bellsund in spring-summer season of 1987', in: Repelewska-P^kalowa J. and Pqkala K. (Eds.), Wyprawy Geograficzne UMCS w Lublinie na Spitsbergen 1986-1988, Sesja Polarna 1989, UMCS Lublin, pp. 9-28 (in Polish).

Gobeil Ch., Macdonald R.W., Smith J.N. and Beaudin L., 2001, 'Atlantic water flow pathways revealed by lead contamination in Arctic Basin sediments', Science, 293, 1301-1304.

Gol'cman M.I., 1939, 'About measurements of. air humidity in low negative temperatures', Probl. Arkt., 1, 39-53 (in Russian).

Gol'cman M.I., 1948, 'Problem of air humidity measurement in the Arctic', Probl. Arkt., 3 (in Russian).

Gordiyenko F.G., Kotlyakov V.M., Punning Ya.-K.M. and Vaikmäe R. A., 1981, 'Study of a 200-m core from the Lomonosov Ice Plateau on Spitsbergen and the paleoclimatic implications', Polar Geogr. and Geol., 5, 242-251.

Görgen K., Bareiss J., Helbig A., Rinke A. and Dethloff K., 2001, 'An observational and modelling analysis of Laptev Sea (Arctic Ocean) ice variations during summer', Ann. Glaciol., 33, 533-538.

Gorshkov S.G. (Ed.), 1980, Military Sea Fleet Atlas of Oceans: Northern Ice Ocean, USSR: Ministry of Defense, 184 pp. (in Russian).

Götz F.W.P., 1931, 'Zum Strahlungsklima des Spitzbergensommers; Strahlungs- und Ozonmessungen in der Königsbucht', Beit. Z. Geophys., Bd. 31.

Groisman P.Ya. Easterling D.R., Quayle R.G., Golubev V.S. and Peck E.L., 1997, 'Adjustment methodology for the U.S. precipitation data', in: Barry R.G., Fuchs T. and Rudolf B. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on the Implementation of the Arctic Precipitation Data Archive (APDA) at the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC), Offenbach, Germany 10-12 July, 1996, WCRP-98, WMO/TD No. 804, pp. 80-83.

Groisman P.Ya., Karl T.R. and Knight R.W., 1994, 'Observed impact of snow cover on the heat balance and the rise of continental spring temperatures', Science, 263, 198-200.

Grootes P.M., Stuiver M., White J.W.C., Johnsen S. and Jouzel J., 1993, 'Comparison of oxygen isotope records from the GISP2 and GRIP Greenland ice cores', Nature, 366, 552-554.

Grossvald M.G., 1973, 'History of glaciers on the archipelago in the late Pleistocene and Holocene', in: Glaciers of Franz Josef Land, Izd. "Nauka", Moskva, pp. 290-305 (in Russian).

Grove J.M., 1988, The Little Ice Age, Methuen, London, 498 pp.

Grzes M. and Sobota I., 1999, 'Winter balance of Waldemar Glacier in 1996-1998', in: Polish Polar Studies, XXVI Polar Symposium, Lublin, pp. 87-98.

Gupta S.K., Wilber A.C., Ritchey N.A., Whitlock C.H. and Stackhouse P.W., 1997, 'Comparison of surface radiative fluxes in the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis and the Langley 8-year SRB dataset', in: Proc. First Int. Conf. Reanal., pp. 77-80.

Haefliger M., 1998, 'Radiation balance over the Greenland Ice Sheet derived by NOAA AVHRR satellite data and in situ observations', Zürcher Geographische Schriften, 72, Zürcher, 92 pp.

Haggblom A., 1982, 'Driftwood in Svalbard as an indicator of sea ice conditions', Geogr. Ann., 64A, 81-94.

Hahn C.J., Warren S.G. and London J., 1995, 'The effect of moonlight on observation of cloud cover at night, and application to cloud climatology', J. Climate, 8, 1429-1446.

Hanssen-Bauer I., F0rland E.J. and Nordli P.Q, 1996, 'Measured and true precipitation at Svalbard', KLIMA DNM1 Report, 31/96, Norwegian Met. Inst., 49 pp.

Hare F.K., 1951, 'Some climatological problems of the Arctic and sub-Arctic', in: Compedium of Meteoroi, Amer. Met. Soc., Boston, MA, pp. 952-964.

Harris J.M. and Kahl J., 1994, 'An analysis of ten day isentropic flow patterns for Barrow, Alaska', J. Geophys. Res., 25,845-25,856.

Harris R., 1987, Satellite Remote Sensing: An Introduction, Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd., London and New York, 220 pp.

Harvey L.D.D., 1980, 'Solar variability as a contributary factor to Holocene climatic change', Prog. Phys. Geogr., 4, 487-530.

Heintzenberg J., 1989, 'Arctic haze: air pollution in Polar regions', Ambio, 18, 51-55.

Helmholtz H. von, 1888, 'Über atmosphärische Bewegungen', Meteor. Zeit., 5, 329-340.

Hergesseil H., 1906, 'Die Erforschung der freien Atmosphäre über dem Polarmeer', Beitr. Phys. Frei. Atmos., 2, 96-98.

Herman G.F., 1986, 'Atmospheric modelling and air-sea interaction', in: Untersteiner N. (Ed.), The Geophysics of Sea Ice, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 713-754.

Hesselberg Th. and Birkeland B. J., 1940, 'Säkuläre Schwankungen des Klimas von Norwegen, Teil I: Die Lufttemperatur', Geophys. Publik., 14, 4.

Hilmer M. and Jung T., 2000, 'Evidence for recent change in the link between the North Atlantic Oscillation and Arctic sea ice export', Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 989-992.

Hobbs W.H., 1910, 'Characteristics of the inland ice of the Arctic regions', Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 49, 57-129.

Hobbs W.H., 1926, The Glacial Anticyclones, the Poles of the Atmospheric Circulation, Macmillan, New York, 198 pp.

Hobbs W.H., 1945, 'The Greenland glacial anticyclone', J. Meteoroi, 2, 143-153.

Hobbs W.H., 1948, 'The climate of the Arctic as viewed by the explorer and the meteorologist', Science, 108, 193-201.

Houghton J.T., Callander B. A. and Varney S. K. (Eds.), 1992, Climate Change 1992: The Supplementary Report to the IPCC Scientific Assessment, Cambridge University Press, 200 pp.

Houghton J.T, Ding Y., Griggs D.J., Noguer M., van der Linden P.J., Dai X., Maskell K. and Johnson C.A. (Eds.), 2001, Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 881 pp.

Houghton J.T., Jenkins G.J. and Ephraums J.J. (Eds.), 1990, Climate Change: The 1PCC Scientific Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 365 pp.

Houghton J.T., Meira Filho L.G., Callander B.A., Harris N., Kattenberg A. and Maskell K. (Eds.), 1996, Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 572 pp.

Hughes N.A., 1984, 'Global cloud climatologies: a historical review', J. Clim. Appl. Met., 23, 724-751.

Hulme M., 1992, 'A 1951-1980 global land precipitation climatology for the evaluation of general circulation models', Clim. Dyn., 1, 57-72.

Hurrell J. W., 1995, 'Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional temperatures and precipitation', Science, 269, 676-679.

Hurrell J.W., 1996, 'Influence of variations in extratropical wintertime teleconnections on Northern Hemisphere temperature', Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 665-668.

Hurrell J.W. and van Loon H., 1997, 'Decadal variations in climate associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation', Clim. Change, 36, 301-326.

Huschke R.E., 1969, Arctic Cloud Statistics from "Air Calibrated" Surface Weather Observations, RAND Corp. Mem. RM-6173-PR, RAND, Santa Monica, CA, 79 pp.

Hyvarinen H., 1972, 'Pollen-analytical evidence for Flandrian climatic change in Svalbard', in: Vasari Y., Hyvarinen H. and Hick S. (Eds.), Climatic Change in Arctic Areas During the Last Ten Thousand Years, Ouluensis Acta Univ., Oulu, 225-237.

Ice Thickness Climatology 1961-1990 Normals, 1992, Environment Canada, Atmospheric Environment Service, Publ. by Minister of Supply and Services, variously paged.

Jaeger L., 1983, 'Monthly and areal patterns of mean global precipitation', in: Street-Perrot A., Beran M. and Ratcliffe R. (Eds.), Variations in the Global Water Budget, D. Reidel, Boston, pp. 129-140.

Jäger J. and Kellogg W.W., 1983, 'Anomalies in temperature and rainfall during warm Arctic seasons', Clim. Change, 5, 39-60.

Jackson C.I., 1969, 'The summer climate of Tanquary Fiord, N.W.T.', Arctic Meteor. Res. Group, Publ. Meteor., No. 95, McGill Univ., Montreal, 65 pp.

Jaworowski Z., 1989, 'Pollution of the Norwegian Arctic: A review', Rapportserie, Nr. 55, Norsk Polarinstitutt, Oslo, 93 pp.

Jaworowski Z., Hoff P., Lund W., Hagen J.O. and Segalstad T.V., 1990, Radial Migration of Impurities in the Glacier Ice Cores, Norwegian Polar Research Institute, Project LH-386, Final Report, 71 pp.

Jaworowski Z., Kownacka L. and Bysiek M, 1981, 'Flow of metals into the global atmosphere', Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 45, 2185-2199.

Jaworowski Z., Segalstad T.V. and Ono N., 1992, 'Do glaciers tell a true atmospheric C02 history', The Science of the Total Environment, 114, 227-284.

Johnsen S.J., Clausen H.B., Dansgaard W., Fuhrer K., Gundestrup N., Hammer C.U., Iversen P., Jouzel J., Stauffer B. and Steffensen J.P., 1992, 'Irregular glacial interstadials recorded in a new Greenland ice core', Nature, 359, 311-313.

Johnsen S.J., Dansgaard W, Clausen H.B., 0rsted H.C. and Langway C.C., 1970, 'Climatic oscillations 1200-2000 AD', Nature, 227, 482—483.

Jones P. D., 1985, 'Arctic temperatures 1851-1984', Clim. Monit., 14, 2, 43-50.

Jones P.D., 1987, 'The early twentieth century Arctic high - fact or fiction?', Clim. Dyn., 1, 63-75.

Jones P.D., 1994, 'Hemispheric surface air temperature variations: a reanalysis and an update to 1993', J. Climate, 7, 1794-1802.

Jones P.D., Jonsson T. and Wheeler D., 1997, 'Extension to the North Atlantic Oscillation using early instrumental pressure observations from Gibraltar and southwest Iceland', Int. J. Climatol., 17, 1433-1450.

Jonson P. and Barring L., 1994, 'Zonal index variations, 1899-1992: Links to air temperature in southern Scandinavia', Geogr. Ann., 76A, 207-219.

Kahl J.D., 1990, 'Characteristics of the low-level temperature inversion along the Alaskan Arctic coast', Int. J. Climatol., 10, 537-548.

Kahl J. D., Charlevoix D. J., Zaitseva N. A., Schnell R. C. and Serreze M. C., 1993a, 'Absence of evidence for greenhouse warming over the Arctic Ocean in the past 40 years', Nature, 361, 335-337.

Kahl J.D., Serreze M.C. and Schell R.C., 1992a, 'Low-level tropospheric temperature inversions in the Canadian Arctic', Atmos.-Ocean, 30, 511-529.

Kahl J.D., Serreze M.C, Shoitani S.M, Skony S.M. and Schnell R.C., 1992b, 'In-situ meteorological sounding archives for Arctic studies', Bull. Am. Meteor. Soc., 73, 1824-1830.

Kahl J. D, Serreze M. C, Stone R. S, Shiotani S, Kisley M. and Schell R. C, 1993b, 'Tropospheric temperature trends in the Arctic: 1958-1986', J. Geophys. Res., 98(D7), 12,825-12,838.

Kalicki T, 1985, 'The foehnic effects of the NE winds in Palffyodden region (Sorkappland)', Prace Geogr., 63, 99-105.

Kalitin N.N, 1921, 'Radiation and polarimetric observations conducted in the town of Arkhangelsk and in the White Sea in the summer of 1920', Meteorol. Vestn, Nos. 1-12 (in Russian).

Kalitin N.N, 1924, 'Radiation, polarimetric and cloud observations conducted in August and September 1921 by the Hydrographic Expedition of the Arctic Ocean', Zap. po Gidrografii, 48 (in Russian).

Kalitin N.N, 1929, 'Some data on the incoming and outgoing of radiant energy for Matochkin Shar', Izv. GGO, 4 (in Russian).

Kalitin N.N, 1940, 'Global radiation in the Arctic', Probl. Arkt., 1, 36^13 (in Russian).

Kalitin N.N, 1945, 'The amounts of warmth of solar radiation in the territory of the USRR', Priroda, 2, 37-42 (in Russian).

Kanevskiy Z.M, 1962, 'Climatological characteristics of the Russkaya Gavan' region (Novaya Zemlya)', in: Sb. Issledovania Lednikov i Lednikovykh Rayonov, vyp. 2, Moskva, Izd. AN SSSR, pp. 112-143 (in Russian).

Kanevskiy Z.M. and Davidovich N.N, 1968, 'Climate', in: Glaciation of the Novaya Zemlya, Izd. "Nauka", Moskva, pp. 41-78 (in Russian).

Karlqvist A. and Heintzenberg J, 1992, 'Arctic pollution and the greenhouse effect', in: Griffiths F. (Ed.), Arctic Alternatives: Civility or Militarism in the Circumpolar North, Science for Peace / Samuel Stevens (Canadian Papers in Peace Studies 3), Toronto, pp. 156-169.

Kattenberg A. and 82 coauthors, 1996, 'Climate models - Projection of future climate', in: Houghton J. T., Meila Filho L.G., Callander B. A., Harris N., Kattenberg A. and Maskell K. (Eds.), Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, pp. 285-357.

Keegan T.J., 1958, 'Arctic synoptic activity in winter', J. Meteorol., 15, 513-521.

Kelly P. M. and Jones P. D., 1981a, 'Winter temperatures in the Arctic, 1882-1981', Clim. Monit., 10, 1, 9-11.

Kelly P. M. and Jones P. D., 1981b, 'Spring temperatures in the Arctic, 1882-1981', Clim. Monit., 10, 2, 40-41.

Kelly P. M. and Jones P. D., 1981c, 'Summer temperatures in the Arctic, 1881-1981', Clim. Monit., 10, 3, 66-67.

Kelly P. M. and Jones P. D„ 1981d, 'Autumn temperatures in the Arctic, 1881-1981', Clim. Monit., 10, 4, 94-95.

Kelly P. M. and Jones P. D., 1982, 'Annual temperatures in the Arctic, 1881-1981', Clim. Monit., 10, 5, 122-124.

Kelly P. M., Jones P. D., Sear C. B., Cherry B. S. G., Tavakol R. K., 1982, 'Variations in surface air temperatures: Pt. 2, Arctic regions, 1881-1980', Mon.Wea. Rev., 110, 71-83.

Kergomard C., Bonnel B. and Fouquart Y., 1993, 'Retrieval of surface radiative fluxes on the marginal zone of sea ice from operational satellite data', Ann. Glaciol., 17, 201-206.

Key J.R. and Barry R.G., 1989, 'Cloud cover analysis with Arctic AVHRR data. 1. Cloud detection', J. Geophys. Res., 94, 8521-8535.

Key J.R. and Haefliger M., 1992, 'Arctic ice surface temperature retrieval from AVHRR thermal channels', J. Geophys. Res., 97, 5885-5893.

Khalil M.A.K, and Rasmussen R.A., 1993, 'Arctic haze: Patterns and relationships to regional signatures of trace gases', Global Biogeoch. Cycles, 1, 27-36.

Khrol VP, 1976, 'Evaporation from the surface of the Arctic Ocean', Trudy AANII, 323, 148-155 (in Russian).

Khrol V.P. (Ed.), 1992, Atlas of the Energy Balance of the Northern Polar Region', Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 10 pp. + 72 maps (in Russian).

Knipovich I. M., 1921, 'Thermic conditions in Barents Sea at the end of May, 1921', Byull. Rossiisk. Gidrol. Instituta, 9, 10-12 (in Russian).

Koch J.P. and Wegener A., 1930, 'Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Danischen Expedition nach Drounting Louises Land und guer über das Inlandeis, von Nordgrönland 1912-1913', Medd. om Grönland, Bd. 75.

Koerner R.M., 1977a, 'Devon Island Ice Cap: core stratigraphy and paleoclimate', Science, 196, 15-18.

Koerner R.M., 1977b, 'Ice thickness measurements and their implications with respect to past and present ice volumes in the Canadian high arctic ice caps', Canadian J. Earth Sei., 14, 2697-2705.

Koerner R.M., 1979, 'Accumulation, ablation and oxygen isotope variations on the Queen Elizabeth Island ice caps, Canada', J. Glaciol., 22, 25-41.

Koemer R.M., 1992, 'Past climate changes as deduced from Canadian ice cores', in: Woo M.-K. and Gregor D.J. (Eds.), Arctic Environment: Past, Present & Future, Proceedings of a Symposium held at McMaster Univ., Nov. 14-15, 1991, McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, pp. 61-70.

Koerner R.M., 1999, 'Climate and the ice core record: Arctic examples', in: Lewkowicz A.G. (Ed.), Poles Apart: A Study in Contrasts, Proceedings of an International Symposium on Arctic and Antarctic Issues, University of Ottawa, Canada, September 25-27, 1997, pp. 71-87.

Koerner R.M., Alt B.T., Bourgeois J.C. and Fisher D.A., 1990, 'Canadian Ice Caps as sources of environmental data', in: Weller G., Wilson C.L. and Severin B.A.B. (Eds.), International Conference on the Role of the Polar Regions in Global Change: Proceedings of a Conference Held June 11-15, 1990 at the University of Alaska, vol. II, Fairbanks, 576-581.

Koerner R.M. and Fisher D.A., 1981, 'Studying climatic change from Canadian high Arctic ice cores', in: Harington C.R. (Ed.), Climatic Change in Canada 2, Syllogeus No. 33, National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa, 1981, pp. 195-218.

Koerner R.M. and Fisher D.A., 1985, 'The Devon Island ice core and the glacial record', in: Andrews J.T. (Ed.), Quaternary Environments: Eastern Canadian Arctic, Baffin Bay, and West Greenland, Allen and Uwin, London, pp. 309-327.

Koerner R.M. and Fisher D.A., 1990, 'A record of Holocene summer climate from a Canadian high-arctic ice core', Nature, 343, 630-631.

Koerner R.M. and Paterson W.S.B., 1974, 'Analysis of a core through the Meighen Ice Cap, Arctic Canada and its paleoclimatic implications', Quat. Res., 4, 253-263.

Kononova N. K, 1982, 'Natural and anthropogenic factors of climate dynamic', Mat. Meteoroi. Issled., 5, 7-16 (in Russian).

Konzelmann T., 1994, 'Radiation conditions on the Greenland Ice Sheet', Zürcher Geographische Schriften, 56, Zürcher, 124 pp.

Konzelmann T. and Ohmura A., 1995, 'Radiative fluxes and their impact on the energy balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet', J. Glaciol., 41, 490-502.

Kopanev I.D., 1978, Snow Cover in the USSR, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 182 pp. (in Russian).

Kopp W., 1939, 'Diskussion der Ergebnisse der Oststation in Scoresbysund. Deutsche Grönland-Expedition A. Wegener 1929 und 1930-31', Wiss. Eigebnisse, Bd. 4, Hf. 2, Leipzig.

Kosiba A., 1960, 'Some results of glaciological investigations in SW Spitsbergen', Zesz. Nauk. Uniw. Wrocl., Ser. B, Nauki Przyr., 4, 30 pp.

Kotlyakov V.M., 1968, Snow Cover of Earth and Glaciers, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 479 pp. (in Russian).

Kotlyakov V.M., Kravtsova V.l. and Dreyer N.N. (Eds.), 1997, World Atlas of Snow and Ice Resources, Palaegeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (Global and Planetary Change Section), 90, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 392 pp.

Kozuchowski K, 1993, 'Variations of hemispheric zonal index since 1899 and its relationship with air temperature', Int. J. Climatol., 8, 191-199.

Kozuchowski K. and Przybylak R., 1995, Greenhouse Effect, Wiedza Powszechna, Warszawa, 220 pp. (in Polish).

Krenke A.N. and Markin V.A., 1973a, 'Climate of the archipelago in accumulation season', in: Glaciers of Franz Joseph Land, Izd. "Nauka", Moskva, pp. 44-59 (in Russian).

Krenke A.N. and Markin V.A., 1973b, 'Climate of the archipelago in ablation season', in: Glaciers of Franz Joseph Land, Izd. "Nauka", Moskva, pp. 59-69 (in Russian).

Kukla G., 1979, 'Climate role of snow covers', in: Allison I. (Ed.), Sea Level, Ice and Climate Change, Int. Assoc. of Scient. Hydrol., Publication no. 131, pp. 79-107.

Kukla G. and Robinson D.A., 1988, 'Variability of summer cloudiness in the Arctic Basin', Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 39, 42-50.

Kwok R., 2000, 'Recent changes in Arctic Ocean sea ice motion associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation', Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 775-778.

Lachenbruch A.H. and Marshall B.V., 1986, 'Changing climate: geothermal evidence from permafrost in the Alaskan Arctic', Science, 234, 689-696.

Lamb H.H., 1977, Climate: Present, Past, and Future. Vol. 2. Climatic History and the Future, Methuen, London, 835 pp.

Lamb H.H., 1984, 'Climate and history in northern Europe and elsewhere', in: Morner N.A. and Karlen W. (Eds.), Climatic Changes on a Yearly to Millennial Basis: Geological, Historical and Instrumental Records, D. Reidel, Boston, pp. 225-240.

Lamb H.H. and Johnsson A.I., 1959, 'Climatic variation and observed changes in the general circulation', Geogr. Ann., 41, 94-134.

Lamb H.H. and Morth H.T, 1978, 'Arctic ice, atmospheric circulation and world climate', Geogr. J., 144, 1-22.

Lambert S.J., 1995, 'The effect of enhanced greenhouse warming on winter cyclone frequencies and strengths', J. Climate, 8, 1447-1452.

Lambert S.J. and Boer G.J., 2001, 'CMIP1 evaluation and intercomparison of coupled climate models', Clim. Dyn., 17, 83-106.

Larsson P., 1963, 'The distribution of albedo over arctic surfaces', Geogr. Rev., 53, 572-579.

Larsson P. and Orvig S., 1961, Atlas of Mean Monthly Albedo of Arctic Surfaces, Scient. Rep. No. 2, Publ. in Meteorol., 45, McGill Univ., Montreal (pages are not numbered).

Larsson P. and Orvig S., 1962, Albedo of Arctic Surfaces, Scient. Rep. No. 6, Publ. in Meteorol., 54, McGill Univ., Montreal, 33 pp.

Laurent C., Le Treut H., Li Z.X., Fairhead L. and Dufresne J.L., 1998, The Influence of Resolution in Simulating Inter-annual and Inter-decadal Variability in a Coupled Ocean-atmosphere GCM with Emphasis over the North Atlantic, IPSL report N8.

Lean J., Beer J. and Bradley R., 1995, 'Reconstruction of solar irradiance since 1610: Implications for climate change', Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 3195-3198.

LeDrew E.F., 1983, 'The dynamic climatology of the Beaufort to Laptev sectors of the Polar Basin for the summer of 1975 and 1976', J. Climatol., 3, 335-359.

LeDrew E.F., 1984, 'The role of local heat sources in synoptic activity within the Polar Basin', Atmos.-Ocean, 22, 309-327.

LeDrew E.F., 1985,'The dynamic climatology of the Beaufort to Laptev sectors of the Polar Basin for the winter of 1975 and 1976', J. Climatol., 5, 253-272.

Legates D.R. and Willmott C.J., 1990, 'Mean seasonal and spatial variability in gauge-corrected global precipitation', Int. J. Climatol., 10, 111-127.

Lemmen D.S., 1988, Glacial History of Marvin Peninsula, Northern Ellesmere Island, and Ward Hunt Island, PhD thesis, University of Alberta.

Leszkiewicz J. and Pulina M, 1996, 'Analysis of winter snow cover from the point of view of snow falling phases (Hans Glacier, Hornsund region, Spitsbergen)', Probl. Klimatol. Polar., 5, Torun, 43-65 (in Polish).

Lindner L, Marks L. and Ostaficzyk S, 1982, 'Evolution of the marginal zone and the forefield of the Torell, Nann and Tone glaciers in Spitsbergen', Acta Geol. Polonica, 32, 267-278.

Liest0l O, 1969, 'Glacier surges in west Spitsbergen', Canadian J. Earth Sei., 6, 895-897.

Lo C.P, 1986, Applied Remote Sensing, Longman Scientific & Technical, New York, 394 pp.

Locatelli J.D, Hobbs P.V. and Werth J. A, 1982, 'Mesoscale structures of vortices in polar air streams', Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 1417-1433.

Loewe F, 1935, 'Das Klima des Grönlandischen Inlandeises', in: Koppen W. and Geiger R. (Eds.), Handbuch der Klimatologie, Bd. II, Teil K, Klima des Kanadischen Archipels und Grönlands, Verlag von Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin, pp. K67-K101.

Loshchilov V.S, 1964, 'Snow cover on the ice of the central Arctic', Probl. Arkt. Antarkt., 17, 36-45 (in Russian).

Lubinski D.J, Forman S.L. and Miller G.H, 1999, 'Holocene glacier and climate fluctuations on Franz Josef Land, Arctic Russia, 80°N', Quat. Sei. Rev., 18, 85-108.

Lynch A.H, Chapman W.L, Walsh J.E. and Weller G, 1995, 'Development of a regional climate model of the western Arctic', J. Climate, 8, 1555-1570.

Lysgaard L, 1949, 'Recent climatic fluctuations, Folia Geographica Danica, V, Kobenhavn, 1-86.

Majorowicz J.A, Safanda J, Harris R.N. and Skinner W. R, 1999, 'Large ground surface temperature changes of the last three centuries inferred from borehole temperatures in the Southern Canadian Prairies, Saskatchewan', Global and Planet. Change, 20, 227-241.

Makshtas A.P, 1984, The Heat Budget of Arctic Ice in the Winter, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 67 pp. (in Russian). English version published by International Glaciological Society, Cambridge, 1991, 77 pp.

Malmgren F, 1926, 'Studies of humidity and hoar-frost over the Arctic Ocean', Geophys. Public., IV, 6, Oslo.

Manabe S, Spelman M.J. and Stouffer R.J, 1992, 'Transient responses of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric C02. Part II: Seasonal responses', J. Climate, 5, 105-126.

Manabe S, Stouffer R.J , Spelman M.J. and Bryan K, 1991, 'Transient responses of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric C02. Part I: Annual mean response', J. Climate, 4, 785-817.

Marciniak K. and Przybylak R, 1985, 'Atmospheric precipitation of the summer season in the Kaffiöyra region (North-West Spitsbergen)', Pol. Polar Res., 6, 543-559.

Marciniak K., Marszelewski W. and Przybylak R., 1985, 'Air temperature on the Elise and Waldemar glaciers /NW Spitsbergen/ in the summer season - comparative study', in: XII Sympozjum Polarne, Materialy, Szczecin, pp. 31-42 (in Polish).

Markin V.A., 1975, 'The climate of the contemporary glaciation area', in: Glaciation of Spitsbergen (Svalbard), Izd. Nauka, Moskva, pp. 42-105 (in Russian).

Marks L., 1983, 'Late Holocene evolution of the Treskelen Peninsula (Hornsund, Spitsbergen)', Acta Geol. Polonica, 33, 159-167.

Marshunova M.S., 1961, 'Principal characteristics of the radiation balance of the underlying surface and of the atmosphere in the Arctic', Trudy ANII, 226, 109112 (in Russian).

Marshunova M.S. and Chernigovskii N.T., 1971, Radiation Regime of the Foreign Arctic, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 182 pp., (in Russian), Translated also by Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre, New Delhi, 1978, 189 pp.

Marsz A., 1994, 'Precipitation in the Arctowski Station', Probl. Klimatol. Polar., 4, Gdynia, 65-76 (in Polish).

Martyn D., 1985, Climates of the Earth, PWN Warszawa, 667 pp. (in Polish).

Matson M., 1991, 'NOAA satellite snow cover data', Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclim., Palaeoecol., 90, 213-218.

Matveev Y.L. and Titov V.I., 1985, Data on the Climate Structure and Variability. Global Cloudiness Field, ASRIHMI - MDC, Obninsk, 248 pp.

Maxwell J.B., 1980, 'The climate of the Canadian Arctic islands and adjacent waters', vol. 1, Climatological studies, No. 30, Environment Canada, Atmospheric Environment Service, pp. 531.

Maxwell J.B., 1982, 'The climate of the Canadian Arctic islands and adjacent waters', vol. 2, Climatological studies, No. 30, Environment Canada, Atmospheric Environment Service, pp. 589.

Mayewski P. A., Meeker L.D., Whitlow S., Twickler M.S., Morrison M.C., Alley R.B., Bloomfield P., and Taylor K., 1993, 'The atmosphere during the Younger Dryas', Science, 261, 195-197.

Mayewski P.A., Meeker L.D., Whitlow S., Twickler M.S., Morrison M.C., Bloomfield P., Bond G.C., Alley R.B., Gow A.J., Grootes P.M., Meese D.A., Ram M., Taylor K.C, and Wumkes W., 1994, 'Changes in atmospheric circulation and ocean ice cover over the North Atlantic during the last 41,000 years, Science, 263, 1747-1751.

McGuffie K., Barry R.G., Schweiger A., Robinson D.A. and Newell J., 1988, 'Intercomparison of satellite-derived cloud analyses for the Arctic Ocean in spring and summer', Int. J. Remote Sensing, 9, 447-467.

McKay D.C. and Morris R.J., 1985, 'Solar radiation data analyses for Canada 19671976', vol. 6: The Yukon and Northwest Territories, Minister of Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa, variously paged.

McKay G.A., Findlay B.F. and Thompson H.A., 1970, 'A climatic perspective of tundra areas', in: Fuller W.A. and Kevan P.G. (Eds.), Productivity and Conservation in Northern Circumpolar Lands, IUCN Publ., No. 16, Morges, pp. 10-23.

McLaren A.S., Serreze M.C. and Barry R.G., 1988, 'Seasonal variations of atmospheric circulation and sea ice motion in the Arctic', in: Amer. Met. Soc., Second Conference on Polar Meteorology and Oceanography, Boston, pp. 20-23.

Mecking L., 1928, 'The Polar Regions: A regional geography', in: The Geography of the Polar Regions, Amer. Geogr. Soc. Special Publ. No. 8, New York, pp. 93-281.

Meehl G.A. and Washington W.M., 1990, 'C02 climate sensitivity and snow-sea-ice albedo parametrization in an atmospheric GCM coupled to a mixed-layer ocean model', Clim. Change, 16, 283-306.

Meese D.A., Gow A.J., Grootes P., Mayewski P.A., Ram M., Stuiver M., Taylor K.C., Waddington E.D. and Zielinski G.A., 1994, 'The accumulation record from the GISP2 core as an indicator of climate change throughout the Holocene', Science, 266, 1680-1682.

Metcalfe J.R. and Goodison B.E., 1993, 'Correction of Canadian winter precipitation data', in: Eighth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentations..., Jan. 17-23 1993, Anaheim, California, Amer. Met. Soc., Boston, MA, pp. 338-343.

Meteorological Office, 1962, A Course in Elementaiy Meteorology, Met. 0.707, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London, WC1V 6HB, 189 pp.

Meteorology of the Canadian Arctic, 1944, Department of Transport, Met. Div., Canada, 85 pp.

Mills W. and Speak P., 1998, Kevguide to Information Sources on - the Polar and Cold Regions, Mansell, London and Washington, 330 pp.

Mitchell J.F.B., Davis R.A., Ingram W.J. and Senior C.A., 1995, 'On surface temperature, greenhouse gases and aerosols: models and observations', J. Climate, 10, 2364-2386.

Mitchell J.M., 1956, 'Visual range in the polar regions with particular reference to the Alaskan Arctic', Atmos. Terr. Phys., Special Supplement, 195-211.

Mock S.J., 1967, Accumulation Patterns on the Greenland Ice Sheet, U.S. Army, Corp. Engr. Cold. Regions Res. Eng. Lab., Res. Rept., 233 pp.

Mohn H., 1905, Meteorology. The Norwegian North Polar Exped. 1893-1896, Scient. Res., vol.VI, Christiania-London-New York-Bombay-Leipzig, 659 pp.

Mokhov I.I. and Schlesinger M.E., 1993, 'Analysis of global cloudiness. 1. Comparison of Meteor, Nimbus-7, and International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) satellite data', J. Geophys. Res., 98 (D7), 12,849-12,868.

Mokhov I.I. and Schlesinger M.E., 1994, 'Analysis of global cloudiness. 2. Comparison of ground-based and satellite-based cloud climatologies', J. Geophys. Res., 99 (D8), 17,045-17,065.

Moodie D.W. and Catchpole A.J.W., 1975, 'Environmental data from historical documents by content analysis: freeze-up and break-up of estuaries on Hudson Bay, 1714-1871', Manitoba Geogr. Stud., 5, 119 pp.

Mosby H., 1932, 'Sunshine and radiation. The Norwegian North Polar Expedition with the "Maud" 1918-1925', Scient. Res., la, 7, Geofysisk Institutt, Bergen, 1-110.

Murashova A.B., 1986, 'Computation of monthly values of turbulent fluxes over the ocean', Trudy GGO, 504, 80-85 (in Russian).

Miiller F. and Roskin-Sharlin N., 1967, A High Arctic Climate Study on Axel Heiberg Island, Axel Heiberg Island Research Reports, Meteorology, No. 3, McGill Univ., Montreal, 82 pp.

Mysak L.A., 2001, 'Patterns of Arctic Circulation', Science, 293, 1269-1270.

Nagurnyi A.P., Timerev A.A. and Egorova S.A., 1991, 'Space-time inversion variability in the lower Arctic troposphere', Dokl. RAS, 319 (in Russian).

Niedzwiedz T., 1987, 'The influence of the atmospheric circulation on the air temperature in Hornsund region (Spitsbergen)', in: Repelewska-Pqkala J. , Harasimiuk M. and P^kala K. (Eds.), Proceedings of XIV Polar Symposium: Actual Research Problems of Arctic and Antarctic, Lublin, Poland, May 7-8, pp. 174-180 (in Polish).

Niedzwiedz T., 1993, 'Long-term variability of the atmospheric circulation over Spitsbergen and its influence on the air temperature', in: Repelewska-Pqkalowa J. and Pqkala K. (Eds.), Proceedings of XX Polar Symposium, Lublin, Poland, pp. 17-30.

Niedzwiedz T., 1997, 'The climates of the "Polar regions'", in: Yoshino M., Douguedroit A., Paszynski J. and Nkemdirim L. (Eds.), Climates and Societes - A Climatological Perspective, pp. 309-324.

Niewiarowski W., 1982, 'Morphology of the forefield of the Aavatsmark Glacier (Oscar II Land, NW Spitsbergen) and phases of its formation', Acta Univ. Nicolai Copernici, Geogr., 16, 15-43.

Nordenskjöld O., 1928, 'The delimitation of the Polar regions and the natural provinces of the Arctic and Antarctic', in: The Geography of the Polar Regions, Amer. Geophys. Soc., New York, pp. 72-90.

Nordenskjöld O. and Mecking L., 1928, The Geography of the Polar Regions, Amer. Geogr. Soc. Special Publ. No. 8, New York, 359 pp.

O'Brien S.R., Mayewski P.A., Meeker L.D., Meese D.A., Twickler M.S. and Whitlow S.I., 1995, 'Complexity of Holocene climate as reconstructed from a Greenland ice core', Science, 270, 1962-1964.

Observations of the International Polar Expeditions 1882-1883, Fort Rae, 1886, London, Trübner & CO., 326 pp.

Ohmura A., 1981, 'Climate and energy balance of Arctic tundra', Zürcher Geographische Schriften, 3, Zürcher, 448 pp.

Ohmura A., 1982, 'A historical review of studies on the energy balance of Arctic tundra', J. Climatol., 2, 185-195.

Ohmura A., 1984, 'On the cause of "Fram" type seasonal change in diurnal amplitude of air temperature in polar regions', J. Climatol., 4, 325-338.

Ohmura A., 1987, 'New temperature distribution maps for Greenland', Zeit,

0 0

Post a comment