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Mean anomalies of winter, spring, summer, and autumn daily P in stations representing climatic regions and sub-regions of the Arctic over the periods 1951-1990 or 1967 Figure 6.15a. Mean anomalies of winter, spring, summer, and autumn daily P in stations representing climatic regions and sub-regions of the Arctic over the periods 1951-1990 or 1967 The range of variability of the anomalies of daily P and the raininess indices decreases when types are classified into circulation...

Review of the Literature 921 Air Temperature

Since 1995, similar to almost the whole of the 20th century, there have been noticeably more publications concerning the variability of air temperature than concerning atmospheric precipitation. Regarding those works which analyse T variability for the Arctic as a whole and over at least a 40-year period we should mention studies by Przybylak (1997a, 2000a) and Radionov and Alexandrov (1997). The last two works used data covering the period up to 1995 obtained from land meteorological stations....

The P3 Scenario

The results of the P3 scenario are similar to those of the former scenario. Still, in some areas of the Arctic there are considerable differences between them. This scenario, according to the research done by Palutikof et al. (1984), is the most probable of all those presented so far. That is why the results have also been presented in a graphic form (Figures 7.2 and 7.5). In all seasons except spring, mean P in the Arctic along with global warming will be lower, especially in autumn. This...

References

Ahlmann H.W., 1948, 'The present climatic fluctuation', Geogr. Journ., 112, 165-195. Aleksandrov E.I., 1988, 'Results of investigation into the spatio-temporal structure of air temperature in the Arctic using Empirical Orthogonal Functions', Trudy AANII, 404, 46-56 (in Russian). Aleksandrov E.I. and Lubarski A.N., 1988, 'Stabilisation of ,,norms under climate monitoring', in Monitoring Klimata Arktiki, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, pp. 33-39 (in Russian). Aleksandrov E.I., Pietrov L.S. and...

Cyclic Oscillations

The two kinds ofchanges discussed in the preceding sub-chapters (trends and fluctuations) are relatively easy to identify in the long-term course of T. Analysing in detail the year-to-year variability of T, one can also discern more or less clear cyclic oscillations. This has already been pointed out in sub-chapter 5.1.3. The review of literature concerning temporal changes in climatic and astronomical time series (e.g. Kozuchowski 1985 Schonwiese 1987 Brazdil 1988 Charvatova & StfeStik...